A Survey of 5G Network: Architecture and
Presented by :
DEPT. OF ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION
JSS ACADEMY OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION, BANGALORE
JSS Campus, Uttarahalli-Kengeri Road, Bangalore-560060
An exponential increase in demand of user.
► Mobile and wireless traffic volume will
increase a thousand times over the next
decade. It is expected that 50 billion devices
will connect to the cloud by 2020.
► It’ll be a complete wireless communication
with almost no limitation.
► Has incredible transmission speed.
► 1G networks use analog signal.
► Voice itself during a call is only modulated to higher
► It’s speed was up to 2.4kbps.
► 1G allows the voice calls in 1 country.
Limitations: No Multi-Media-Services, Poor voice quality,
Large phone size, No security
31G MOBILE TECHNOLOGY
Evolution From 1G to 5G Networks
► 1G, 2G, 3G & 4G are the generations
of wireless telecom connectivity.
► 1G : initial wireless telecom network
► “Brick phones” and “Bag phones” are
under 1G technology
► Analog signals are used in 1G.
2G MOBILE TECHNOLOGY
► It was based on the GSM, commercially launched in Finland
► Data transmission rate is up to 64kbps.
► GSM, CDMA, GPRS, EDGE are the vital technology used in 2G.
► It provide services like short-message-services(SMS), picture
messages and Multi-Media-Services (MMS), e-mail.
Limitations: These systems are unable to handle complex data such
3G MOBILE TECHNOLOGY
Provide faster communication, data transmission rate is up to 2
► Data are sent through technology called packet switching .
► Global roaming & improved voice quality make 3G as a
► More secure, high speed web browsing, several application like
Video Calling, 3D gaming, etc.
Limitations: 3G handsets required more power than most 2G
models. Along with the 3G network plans are more
expensive than 2G.
4G MOBILE TECHNOLOGY
► High speed data access (Up to 1Gbps).
► Frequency Band: 1.8 - 2.6 GHz (LTE)
3.5 - 5.8 GHz (WIMAX)
► 4G presently standardizing Long Term Evolution (LTE).
► One of the basic term used to describe 4G is MAGIC.
Global Roaming Support
Integrated Wireless Solution.
Customized Personal Services.
It is combination of Wi-Fi and WIMAX (Worldwide
Interoperability for Microwave Access).
4G Promises higher data rate and expended Multi-Media-
Services, high quality streaming video.
Application: Online gaming, High Definition TV.
Limitations: Battery uses is more, 4G is currently available in
5G MOBILE TECHNOLOGY
BDMA , non orthogonal & quasi-
orthogonal multiple access is used.
Expected data transmission rate is
Capable of supporting World Wide
Wireless Web (WWWW).
WHY NEED OF 5G?
3.4 billion people have broadband in
2014, about 80% were mobile
broadband user – and majority was
served by High Speed Packet Access
(HSPA) or Long Term Evolution
As per estimation, 4G network will no
longer able to control the traffic in
Within 2020 WWWW will become the
latest trend for wireless communication.
FEATURES OF 5G
Higher number of simultaneously connected devices.
Higher system spectral efficiency (data volume per unit area).
Lower battery consumption.
High bit rates in large portions of coverage area.
Lower cost than previous generations
Old devices can’t support this – Hardware replacement
At present, 5G technology is theoretical, it may take longer
than expected to come into existence.
1G 2G 3G 4G 5G
Deployment 1970 – 1980 1990 - 2004 2004-2010 Now
Bandwidth 2kbps 64kbps 2Mbps 1Gbps
CDMA 2000 ,
CDMA CDMA BDMA
Packet Packet All Packet All Packet
Network PSTN PSTN Packet N/W Internet Internet
5G technology is going to be a new revolution in wireless system.
3G- Operator Centric, 4G- Service Centric whereas 5G- User Centric
5G is the best mobile technology for data transfer and calling purpose.
The development of the mobile and wireless networks is going towards
higher data rates and all-IP principle.
The new coming 5G technology will be available in the market at
affordable rates, high peak future & much reliability than preceding
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