Technopak CII Foodtech 22 June2009


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Presentation by Sanjay Sethi, Vice President - Food and Agriculture, Technopak Advisors at the CII Foodtech Seminar at Delhi

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Technopak CII Foodtech 22 June2009

  1. 1. Effective Technologies for Harvesting Indices Sorting, Grading & Coating of Agro Products - Sanjay Sethi , VP – Food and Agri, Technopak Advisors 22 nd June 2009
  2. 2. Contents… <ul><li>Brief on Post Harvest Losses </li></ul><ul><li>Effective Technologies for – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Harvesting Technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grading & Sorting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food Coating </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Key Findings and Recommendations </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>India wastes 35% of the produce which constitutes a value of Rs. 500 crore </li></ul><ul><li>A majority of this percentage results from farm level wastages </li></ul><ul><li>Post farm gate wastages majorly occurs while transportation re-packaging & re-distribution losses </li></ul>Post Harvest Losses… Farm Level Wastages
  4. 4. Harvesting Technologies… <ul><li>Reapers with efficient outputs – </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical conveyor reapers with cutting width of 0.9m and 1.2m </li></ul><ul><li>GRH-1.2 reaper operates with vertical upper delivery device </li></ul><ul><li>These reapers are widely adopted in south asian countries. The adoption level in India is at nascent stage </li></ul>
  5. 5. Harvesting Technologies … <ul><li>Reapers with efficient outputs – </li></ul><ul><li>In dry fields with straight, suitable height stalks the reaper can reach high output of 2.5 –3.0 ha/day </li></ul><ul><li>It overcomes the shortcomings of existing reaper like field distractions, huge labour requirements and poor output quality </li></ul><ul><li>It utilises a diesel engine of 7-8 hp </li></ul><ul><li>These reapers are efficient enough to operate at a width of 1.5m </li></ul>
  6. 6. Harvesting Technologies … <ul><li>Hoang’s combine harvester - </li></ul><ul><li>Utilses features like – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>33 hp </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second-hand 4-wheel drive with automobile chassis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vertically transferring-reaping part of vertical conveyor reaper width of 1.85m </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transferring part to drum: conveyor belt with lug plates width 0.5m </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Threshing and cleaning part is vertically installed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The combine works well in the well-timed dry fields. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Harvesting Technologies … <ul><li>Self-propelled sugar cane harvester THM – </li></ul><ul><li>Sugar cane harvesting is costly and hard because of the manual steps- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cutting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whittling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Top removing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tying </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transferring </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conventionally the cost for cutting, whittling and top removing is 35 –40 man-days/ha constitutes of 60% of the total cost </li></ul><ul><li>Self-propelled sugar cane harvester can bring down the cost by 30% </li></ul>
  8. 8. Harvesting Technologies … <ul><li>Maize combine harvester TBN –2 </li></ul><ul><li>This way of harvesting is a ppropriate with new production process, protective and re-fertilize the fields </li></ul><ul><li>This harvester can overcome the current problems in design and manufacturing with marked effects of existing Maize harvesters </li></ul><ul><li>The machine picks corn, cuts the stalks then buries them in the ground </li></ul><ul><li>This harvester delivers an effective output of 0.2–0.25 ha/hour </li></ul>
  9. 9. Effective Sorting & Grading Technologies… <ul><li>Belgian Electronic Sorting Technology is an innovative technology which uses laser machines to sort based on – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shape differences & </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biological characteristics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Features which are invisible to the human eye but, are dangerous for human health, such as aflatoxins in nuts and carrots. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This technology is cost effective and is applicable to an extensive variety of food products: </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Effective Sorting & Grading Technologies… <ul><li>FLUO Technology - </li></ul><ul><li>Researched from the University of Brussels </li></ul><ul><li>Able to screen chlorophyll containing products like lettuce, spinach, peas and other green vegetables for foreign material contamination with minimal loss of good product. </li></ul><ul><li>It creates a kind of black and white contrast that results in a very high detection efficiency and very little false reject. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Effective Sorting & Grading Technologies… <ul><li>Microwave Sensing grading Technology </li></ul><ul><li>The technology rectifies the fruit grading constraints on measurement systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>immunity to metallic objects moving in the vicinity of the fruit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>operates at frequencies whose wavelength is smaller than the fruit . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Uses a focused beam system operating at frequencies above 8 GHz </li></ul><ul><li>Good results has been proved in kiwifruit, orange and avocado </li></ul><ul><li>This technology can be usefully applied for the measurement of fruit moisture content and dry matter </li></ul><ul><li>In the case of citrus fruits, their acidity, firmness and skin thickness can also be measured accurately </li></ul><ul><li>The avocado measurements have shown that moisture content, dry matter and stone size can all also be measured. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Effective Sorting & Grading Technologies… <ul><li>NIR - Near Infra Red Sorting Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Sorts the produce not just by size and color, but by indicators of produce taste </li></ul><ul><li>This is done without damaging produce as no mechanical mechanism touches the individual fruit </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate Brix sorting that … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is effective at commercial packing speeds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides superior accuracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interfaces with most existing and new sorting machines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Places control in the user's hands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides solutions for all varieties of fruits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not damage produce </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Food Coatings… <ul><li>Use of Morpholine in Apple Coatings – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Morpholine is a substance which is added to some waxes used to coat apples </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is normally added to the wax as morpholine dissolves and spreads the wax </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The wax is dried by a hot air treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any residual morpholine evaporates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This is not practiced in India , even though the scope of apple exports, and processing is increasing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety issues associated with this practice needs yet more research </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Food Coatings… <ul><li>Method of coating food products with un-gelatinized and unmodified high amylose starch prior to deep fat frying </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is the process for manufacturing ready to heat deep fried foods i.e french fries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The french fries are coated with 0.1 to 1.5 percent of an unmodified ungelatinized high amylose starch having an amylose content of at least 50 percent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The resulting product has improved texture and absorbs less oil than those french fries prepared by conventional methods. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This method has been incorporated by companies like McCain Foods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They have no adverse side effects to the human health </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Food Coatings… <ul><ul><li>Protein coating technique developed by Proteus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used mainly for frozen pre cooked/ fried food products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can result in a 50 to 80 percent fat reduction in the final product </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research results show that up-to 90 percent reduction if fat can be achieved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Though adopted in the USA , the technology is yet to gain popularity in other parts of the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The “ Trans Fat” t ag can up-lift the product overall quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corporate can create pull in the market for their products through this technology. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Key Challenges … Lack of Technological Training Know-How Customer Acceptance Funding Assistance Cost Effective Multi Commodity Integrated Technology Governmental Interventions
  17. 17. Key Findings & Recommendations… <ul><ul><li>Intensive need of farmer as well as customer education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology up – gradation at the farm level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capital infusion through private sector participation, FDI and FII’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk management by providing services and information in time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enabling regulations at farm level for uniformity in the produce </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. The Way Forward to Tap the Untapped … <ul><li>Thank you ! </li></ul>[email_address] +91-9004389012