• The Birth of the Graha gives us considerable knowledge aboutBirth of Mars their nature, strengths andŚiva Purāṇa associationsRudra Saṁhitā • In jyotiṣa, we know that Mars isPārvatī KhaṇḍaChapter 10 the first outer planet having ‘birds eye view’ or special dṛṣṭi like Jupiter and Saturn • These three graha are birth of guṇa avatāra which is different from the guṇa they control – – Viṣṇu (first born) = Saturn (light blue colour) – Brahma (from Viṣṇu) = Jupiter (tawny complexion) – Rudra = Mars (red complexion)
Brahma teaches Nārada• Śiva is ‘auspicious’ and always increases devotion [in every form or deity] 10.6• He displayed sadness at the loss of his beloved Sati, constantly remembered her and felt pain. He recounted her virtues to his gaṇa thereby displaying the worldly form. 10.7-8• Śiva renounced everything – even his clothes, and wandered in the universe and finally returned to the Himalaya 10.9-10
Śiva Tapasyā• Lord Śiva brought the manas into complete control - samādhi making enormous effort• deep meditative sleep (samādhi) which destroys all miseries thereby displaying his imperishable nature. 10.11• For a long time, the Lord of Māyā (Śiva) was in samādhi – beyond the control of the guṇa as He, the lord of Māyā, is the formless Parambrahma. 10.12
Śiva Sweat Drop• After hundreds of years in samadhi, a drop of sweat emerged from the forehead of Śiva [tripuṇḍra] and fell on earth - A baby boy was born• The baby started crying like any normal child• Mother Goddess Earth, afraid that the cry may disturb the penance of Śiva, took the form of a woman and appeared
Bhauma Dhyāna caturbhujo aruṇākāro ramaṇīyākṛtirmune aloukikadyutiḥ śrīmānstejasvī paraduḥsahaḥ• With four arms and lustrous body the child had divine beauty with a brilliant reddish complexion. He was full of tejas, śrīmanta and unbearable for enemy
Mother Earth and Baby• She picked the child and placed it on her lap and started feeding it with her own as well as cow’s milk.• She kissed his face overcome by motherly affection and fondled him as if he was her son. In reality, Mother earth was supporting (doing good) for Śiva.• Lord Śiva, the very cause of protection, the enjoyment and joyous play, witnessed her activities.
Śiva Spoke• Fortunate are you O! Dharaṇi (Earth Mother). You shall bring up this son of mine who was born from you and conceived from a drop of my sweat• Of all the illustrious (tejas) ones, I bless that he shall have the highest energy and power (Mahā tejasvi)• O! Dharaṇi although this child shall always be dear to me, he shall always bear your name and shall be completely immune from the three types of distresses
Power of Mars• O! Dharaṇi, this child shall be • Bhauma is the bestower of lands and derived from shall have all the highest bhūmi-ja i.e. qualities that shall always born from make you happy. Earth Mother Therefore, please accept him • mantra, if with joy. names related• Brahma continued - Kṣiti with Earth returned home with her baby. mother are That child grew up to be used = respect known as ‘Bhauma’ Śiva upadeśa
Bhauma Tapasyā• When he came of age • Mūlatrikoṇa rāśi of Bhauma went to Kāśi Bhauma is Meṣa and and performed severe the dharma bhāva = tapasyā for many years tapasyā bhāva is propitiating Lord Śiva Dhanus rāśi = Kāśi• By the grace of Lord • Śiva Purāṇa teaches Viśveśvara of Kāśi graha lordship of the (Viśvanāth) Bhauma loka was elevated to the high • 7 loka lorded by 7 level of the navagraha graha from Sūrya to• Goes to lord a divine Śani loka beyond Śukra
Vedavyāsa Mars Prayer dharaṇīgarbhasaṁbhūtaṁ vidyutkāntisamaprabham | kumāraṁ śaktihastaṁ ca maṅgalaṁ praṇamāmyaham || 3||• We bow to auspicious [protector], born of Earth mother, of brilliant lightning like lustre, ever youthful and spear bearer.