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Indian approach to HRM- 10th Dec 05


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Indian approach to HRM- 10th Dec 05

  1. 1. “Indian Approach to Human Resource Management” The Global web portal for the HR people..
  2. 2. The History and Background of “Kautilya’s Arthashastra”
  3. 3. Who was Chanakya ?  Born in 350 B.C.  Vishugupta – Kautilya – Chanakya  Pulled down Nanda Dynasty  King maker – Chandragupta Maurya  Responsible for the defeat of Alexander in India  Kautilya’s Arthashastra & Chanakya Niti – Documented towards the end of his life
  4. 4. Kautilya’s Arthashastra  Written in Samskrit  Contains 15 books, 150 chapters and 6000 sutras  Covers over 180 topics. Known as a Book of Economics, state craft, Management, warfare, strategy etc  It’s a Book of ‘Total Management’
  5. 5. 3 BC Chanakya Arthashastra 4 BC Ashoka 1st emperor Golden era of India (Sone ki chidiya) 14 AD Moughals 16 AD Shivaji Last king to study 1905 Rediscovery Dr S Shastry 2005 100th Ann Awareness - Mgt 2400 years of Arthashastra history
  6. 6. Management Topics in Arthashastra  Principles of Management  Management Education  Accounting systems  Corporate Governance  Time Management  Leadership Skills  Contracts  Selection of Employees  Consulting  Strategic Management  Handling competition  Expansion of Territory etc
  7. 7. Sample of Verses related to Management Topics in ‘Kautilya’s Arthashastra’
  8. 8. What is Management? “The means of starting undertakings, the excellence of men and material, (suitable) apportionment of place and time, provision against failure (and) accomplishment of work – this is deliberation in its five aspect” (1.15.42)
  9. 9. Definition and the Basic elements of Management 1. The means of starting undertakings (assignments/ projects) 2. The excellence of men and materials 3. Deciding suitable place and time 4. Provision against failure 5. Accomplishment of the work  (1.15.42)
  10. 10. Wealth Creation  “Wealth will slip away from the foolish person, who continuously consults the stars; for wealth is the star of wealth; what will the stars do? Capable men will certainly secure wealth at least after a hundred trails” ( 9.4.26)
  11. 11. Role of a Consultant  Consultation  “All undertakings should be preceded by consultation. Holding a consultation with only one, he may not be able to reach a decision in difficult matters. With more councilors it is difficult to reach decisions and maintain secrecy” (1.15.2,35,40)  Therefore sit and counsel with those who are matured in intellect ( 1.15.20-21)
  12. 12. Principles of Human resource management from ‘Kautilya’s Arthashastra’ (Sutras)
  13. 13. First principle of an organisation  “In the happiness of the subjects lies the benefit of the king and in what is beneficial to the subjects is his own benefit” – (1.19.34)
  14. 14. Areas concerned with current HRD dealt in Arthashastra  Recruitment / Selection  Training  Mentorship  Salary structure  Motivation  Feedback / MIS systems
  15. 15. Selection of Employees Appointment of trainees A ‘trainable’ person is the one who has the following qualities 1.Desire to learn 2.Effective listening ability 3.Ability to reflect (think from all angles) 4.Ability to reject false views 5.Intentness on truth not on any person (1.5.4-5)
  16. 16. Qualities to be tested before appointment(experienced person) 1. Technical competence -In that particular field through those person learned in that science. 2. Intelligence, perseverance and dexterity 3. Eloquence, Boldness and presence of mind 4. Ability to bear troubles during emergencies 5. Uprightness, friendliness and firmness of devotion in dealing with others 6. Strength of character  (1.9.3)
  17. 17. Mentorship “Training and discipline are acquired by accepting the authoritativeness of the teachers in the respective fields” (1.5.6) “He should have constant association with elders in learning for the sake of improving his training, since training has its root in that” (1.5.11)
  18. 18. Handling Employees  Theory of Motivation  Sama (counseling),  Dana (offering of gifts),  Danda (Punishments),  Bheda (division)
  19. 19. Handling Employees  “He (leader) should constantly hold an inspection of their works, men being inconstant in their minds” (2.9.2-3)  There fore create a good MIS (Management information System) best suited for you.
  20. 20. Salary Structure  “A wage is for work done, not for what is not done” (3.14.8)  “The payment of the wages was decided on the basis of work done, time spent in doing it, at the rate prevailing at the time” (3.13.27)
  21. 21. For Training / Consultancy based on Kautilya’s Arthashastra Contact : Radhakrishnan Pillai ATMA DARSHAN 91-98203 74796 / 98198 25474