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Hearing aids

Hearing aids

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Hearing aids

  1. 1. What is a Hearing Aid?  A hearing aid is an electronic, battery-operated device that amplifies and changes sound to allow for improved communication.
  2. 2. Components of Hearing Aids  Microphone: Receives sound and converts it into electrical impulses. (picks up sound)  Amplifier: Intensifies electrical impulses. (makes sound louder)  Receiver: Translates those electrical impulses into louder sounds. (delivers amplified sound into ear-miniature loudspeaker)  Battery: Serves as power source for device.  Earmolds (earpieces) : directs the flow of sound into the ear and enhance sound quality.
  3. 3. Indication  Hearing loss
  4. 4. Types of Hearing Aid  Pocket Model  Behind-the-Ear (BTE)  In-the-Ear (ITE)  In-the-Canal (ITC), Mini Canal (MIC) and Completely-in-Canal (CIC) aids  Spectacle type  Remote microphone (RM)  Bone conduction (BC) hearing aid
  5. 5. Pocket model  Worn in pocket at chest level.  A cord transmits the electrical output to a receiver, which converts this signal into sound.
  6. 6. Behind-the-Ear (BTE)  BTE hearing aids are worn behind the ear and are connected to a plastic earmold that fits inside the outer ear.  The components are held in a case behind the ear. Sound travels from the aid through the earmold into the ear.  Poorly fitting BTE earmolds may cause feedback, a whistle sound caused by the fit of the hearing aid or by buildup of earwax or fluid.
  7. 7. In-the-Ear (ITE)  ITE hearing aids fit completely in the outer ear and are used for mild to severe hearing loss.  The case, which holds the components, is made of hard plastic. ITE aids can accommodate added technical mechanisms such as a telecoil, a small magnetic coil contained in the hearing aid that improves sound transmission during telephone calls.  ITE aids can be damaged by earwax and ear drainage, and their small size can cause adjustment problems and feedback. They are not usually worn by children because the casings need to be replaced as the ear grows.
  8. 8. In-the-Canal (ITC)  ITC hearing aids are customized to fit the size and shape of     the ear canal and are used for mild or moderately severe hearing loss. Small one-piece hearing aid All components contained in a custom-fit, hard-molded plastic shell Fits outside the ear canal Slightly visible in the ear
  9. 9. Completely-in-Canal (CIC)  CIC hearing aids are mostly concealed in the ear canal and     are used for mild to moderately severe hearing loss. Not suitable for people with severe hearing losses. Because of their small size, canal aids may be difficult for the user to adjust and remove, and may not be able to hold additional devices, such as a telecoil. Canal aids can also be damaged by earwax and ear drainage. They are not recommended for children. All components contained in a custom-fit, hard-molded plastic shell
  10. 10. Spectacle type  The hearing aid components are incorporated within a spectacle frame.  It is useful for those who use glasses along with hearing aids.
  11. 11. Remote microphone  It combines the advantage of BTE and ITE models.  This model is virtually invisible.
  12. 12. Bone conduction hearing aid  A bone conduction vibrator is placed on the mastoid bone behind the ear.
  13. 13. Care and maintenance of Hearing Aid  Prevent it from falling down  Don’t spill liquids on the hearing aid.  It must fit well.  Cords should not be twisted or knotted.  Protect it from dust, dirt and heat.  Remove the battery from hearing aid when it is not in use.  Remember to detach the ear mould from the receiver before washing the mould. Receiver sould not come in contact with the water.
  14. 14. Thank you

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Hearing aids


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