SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 20
Download to read offline
Common emergencies
Common emergencies are
•
•
•
•

Minor burns
Major burns
Dog bites
Choking
Minor burns
Minor burns
1. If the skin is unbroken run cool
water over the area of the burn
or soak it in a cool water bath.
Keep the area submerged for at
least 5 minutes.
2. Calm and reassure the person.
3. Cover the burnt area with a dry
sterile bandage or clean
dressing.
4. Protect the burn from pressure
and friction.
5. Administer analgesics.
6. Give TT Injection if the person
has not received it within last 5
years.
Major burns
Major burns
• Wrap the person on fire using a thick material
to smother the flame. Douse the person with
water.
• Assess & Maintain breathing. If no breathing
initiate rescue breathing or CPR.
• Cover the burn area with a dry sterile bandage
or clean cloth.
• If fingers or toes have been burned, separate
them with dry, sterile non-adhesive dressing.
• Elevate the body part, that is burned, above
the level of the heart.
• Take steps to prevent shock. Lay the person
flat, elevate the feet about 12 inches and
cover the person with a blanket.
• Monitor the vital signs until medical aid
arrives.
Do Not’s of major burn management
• Do not apply
ointment, butter, ice, medications, cream, oil
spray, or any household remedy to a severe
burn.
• Do not breathe blow or cough on the burn.
• Do not disturb blisters or dead skin.
• Do not remove clothing that is stuck to the
skin.
• Do not give the person anything by mouth, if
there is a severe burn.
• Do not immerse a severe burn in cold water.
Because this can cause shock.
• Do not place a pillow under the person’s head
if there is an airway burn. This can obstruct
the airways due to congestion.
Dog bites
Dog bites
• Clean the wound to remove its saliva
completely.
• Wash the wound under running water using
soap.
• Do not close the puncture wounds with
dressing.
• Cover the cut or laceration using dry dressing.
• Administer TT inj.
• Start post exposure prophylaxis against rabies
• Passive immunization using immunoglobulins.
Post exposure prophylaxis against
rabies
• Rabivir is the commonly used vaccine.
• 5 doses at 0, 3, 7, 14 and 28 days
• For people with poor immune system an extra
dose is given on 90th Day.
Choking
Choking
• Choking is the mechanical obstruction of the
flow of air from the environment into the
lungs.
• Causes:
– Respiratory diseases leading to respiratory
obstruction
– Compression of the laryngopharynx, larynx or
trachea.
– Foreign objects in respiratory tract
Clinical manifestations of choking
• Universal sign of distress
• Difficulty to speak or cry.
• Breathing, if possible, will be
laboured, wheezing and gasping will be noted.
• Violent involuntary cough, gurgle or vomiting
noise
CHOKING ADULT
CHOKING CHILD
Treatment
• Heimlich maneuver / Abdominal thrust
• Self treatment with Abdominal thrust using
chair
• Back slaps 5-20
• Modified chest thrusts for obese and pregnant
• CPR
• Finger sweeping
• Direct vision removal
Thank you

More Related Content

What's hot (20)

Nursing Care for Colostomy
Nursing Care for ColostomyNursing Care for Colostomy
Nursing Care for Colostomy
 
Tracheostomy care
Tracheostomy careTracheostomy care
Tracheostomy care
 
Psychiatric emergency
Psychiatric emergencyPsychiatric emergency
Psychiatric emergency
 
Fracture and its nursing management
Fracture and its nursing managementFracture and its nursing management
Fracture and its nursing management
 
Disaster management and role of nurse
Disaster management and role of nurseDisaster management and role of nurse
Disaster management and role of nurse
 
ENT NURSING ASSESSMENT
ENT NURSING ASSESSMENTENT NURSING ASSESSMENT
ENT NURSING ASSESSMENT
 
Endo tracheal Suctioning
Endo tracheal SuctioningEndo tracheal Suctioning
Endo tracheal Suctioning
 
Hemorrhoid (AHN)
Hemorrhoid (AHN)Hemorrhoid (AHN)
Hemorrhoid (AHN)
 
Role of a nurse in disaster management
Role of a nurse in disaster managementRole of a nurse in disaster management
Role of a nurse in disaster management
 
Post mastectomy exercise
Post mastectomy exercisePost mastectomy exercise
Post mastectomy exercise
 
Legal aspects of disaster nursing.
Legal aspects of disaster nursing.Legal aspects of disaster nursing.
Legal aspects of disaster nursing.
 
Ear irrigation
Ear irrigationEar irrigation
Ear irrigation
 
Care & prevention of epilepsy
Care & prevention of epilepsyCare & prevention of epilepsy
Care & prevention of epilepsy
 
Poisoning
PoisoningPoisoning
Poisoning
 
Care of patient with chest drainage system
Care of patient with chest drainage systemCare of patient with chest drainage system
Care of patient with chest drainage system
 
Frost bite
Frost biteFrost bite
Frost bite
 
first aid for Dog bite
first aid for Dog bitefirst aid for Dog bite
first aid for Dog bite
 
First aid for Epistaxis
First aid for EpistaxisFirst aid for Epistaxis
First aid for Epistaxis
 
Burn
BurnBurn
Burn
 
Poisoning
PoisoningPoisoning
Poisoning
 

Similar to Common emergencies (20)

First aid treatment
First aid treatment First aid treatment
First aid treatment
 
first aid medical emergencies.pptx
first aid medical emergencies.pptxfirst aid medical emergencies.pptx
first aid medical emergencies.pptx
 
first aid emergency total content 8.4.22.pptx
first aid emergency total content 8.4.22.pptxfirst aid emergency total content 8.4.22.pptx
first aid emergency total content 8.4.22.pptx
 
Home first aid kit
Home first aid kitHome first aid kit
Home first aid kit
 
Basic first aid_0808
Basic first aid_0808Basic first aid_0808
Basic first aid_0808
 
First aid
First aid  First aid
First aid
 
First aid
First aidFirst aid
First aid
 
first aid emergency pptx
first aid emergency pptxfirst aid emergency pptx
first aid emergency pptx
 
BITES AND STINGS.pptx
BITES AND STINGS.pptxBITES AND STINGS.pptx
BITES AND STINGS.pptx
 
FIRST AID AND CPR
FIRST AID AND CPRFIRST AID AND CPR
FIRST AID AND CPR
 
Basic_First_Aid_0808.pptx
Basic_First_Aid_0808.pptxBasic_First_Aid_0808.pptx
Basic_First_Aid_0808.pptx
 
First Aid- Risk Management as Applied to Safety Security and Sanitation
First Aid- Risk Management as Applied to Safety Security and SanitationFirst Aid- Risk Management as Applied to Safety Security and Sanitation
First Aid- Risk Management as Applied to Safety Security and Sanitation
 
first-aid CPR Training to save someone life in cardiac arrest
first-aid CPR Training to save someone life in cardiac arrestfirst-aid CPR Training to save someone life in cardiac arrest
first-aid CPR Training to save someone life in cardiac arrest
 
First AID
First AIDFirst AID
First AID
 
bites and first aid ppt.
bites and first aid ppt.bites and first aid ppt.
bites and first aid ppt.
 
First aid binus square - 3 oktober 2015
First aid   binus square - 3 oktober 2015First aid   binus square - 3 oktober 2015
First aid binus square - 3 oktober 2015
 
poisoning.pptx
poisoning.pptxpoisoning.pptx
poisoning.pptx
 
First aid ppt
First aid pptFirst aid ppt
First aid ppt
 
firstaidppt-161124091907.pdf
firstaidppt-161124091907.pdffirstaidppt-161124091907.pdf
firstaidppt-161124091907.pdf
 
first.pptx
first.pptxfirst.pptx
first.pptx
 

More from Sanil Varghese (20)

Traction
TractionTraction
Traction
 
Splints
SplintsSplints
Splints
 
Prosthetics
ProstheticsProsthetics
Prosthetics
 
Plaster casts
Plaster castsPlaster casts
Plaster casts
 
Osteoporosis
OsteoporosisOsteoporosis
Osteoporosis
 
Orthopedics radiography sanil
Orthopedics radiography sanilOrthopedics radiography sanil
Orthopedics radiography sanil
 
Orthopedic implants
Orthopedic implantsOrthopedic implants
Orthopedic implants
 
Orthopedic beds
Orthopedic bedsOrthopedic beds
Orthopedic beds
 
Myopathies
MyopathiesMyopathies
Myopathies
 
Musculoskeletal
MusculoskeletalMusculoskeletal
Musculoskeletal
 
Musculo skeletal disorders
Musculo skeletal disordersMusculo skeletal disorders
Musculo skeletal disorders
 
Gout
GoutGout
Gout
 
Fractures
FracturesFractures
Fractures
 
Braces
BracesBraces
Braces
 
Bones
BonesBones
Bones
 
Bone tumors
Bone tumorsBone tumors
Bone tumors
 
Peripheral nerve disrders
Peripheral nerve disrdersPeripheral nerve disrders
Peripheral nerve disrders
 
Peripheral nerve disorders
Peripheral nerve disordersPeripheral nerve disorders
Peripheral nerve disorders
 
Myasthenia gravis new
Myasthenia gravis newMyasthenia gravis new
Myasthenia gravis new
 
Meningitis
MeningitisMeningitis
Meningitis
 

Recently uploaded

Role of medicinal and aromatic plants in national economy PDF.pdf
Role of medicinal and aromatic plants in national economy PDF.pdfRole of medicinal and aromatic plants in national economy PDF.pdf
Role of medicinal and aromatic plants in national economy PDF.pdfDivya Kanojiya
 
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!ibtesaam huma
 
Musculoskeletal disorders: Osteoarthritis,.pptx
Musculoskeletal disorders: Osteoarthritis,.pptxMusculoskeletal disorders: Osteoarthritis,.pptx
Musculoskeletal disorders: Osteoarthritis,.pptxraviapr7
 
Presentation on General Anesthetics pdf.
Presentation on General Anesthetics pdf.Presentation on General Anesthetics pdf.
Presentation on General Anesthetics pdf.Prerana Jadhav
 
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..AneriPatwari
 
Informed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptx
Informed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptxInformed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptx
Informed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptxSasikiranMarri
 
VarSeq 2.6.0: Advancing Pharmacogenomics and Genomic Analysis
VarSeq 2.6.0: Advancing Pharmacogenomics and Genomic AnalysisVarSeq 2.6.0: Advancing Pharmacogenomics and Genomic Analysis
VarSeq 2.6.0: Advancing Pharmacogenomics and Genomic AnalysisGolden Helix
 
Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptx
Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptxPresentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptx
Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptxpdamico1
 
Chronic-Fatigue-Syndrome-CFS-Understanding-a-Complex-Disorder.pptx
Chronic-Fatigue-Syndrome-CFS-Understanding-a-Complex-Disorder.pptxChronic-Fatigue-Syndrome-CFS-Understanding-a-Complex-Disorder.pptx
Chronic-Fatigue-Syndrome-CFS-Understanding-a-Complex-Disorder.pptxSasikiranMarri
 
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptx
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptxWorld-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptx
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptxEx WHO/USAID
 
Units of Radiation Measurements, Quality Specification, Half-Value Thickness,...
Units of Radiation Measurements, Quality Specification, Half-Value Thickness,...Units of Radiation Measurements, Quality Specification, Half-Value Thickness,...
Units of Radiation Measurements, Quality Specification, Half-Value Thickness,...Dr. Dheeraj Kumar
 
Primary headache and facial pain. (2024)
Primary headache and facial pain. (2024)Primary headache and facial pain. (2024)
Primary headache and facial pain. (2024)Mohamed Rizk Khodair
 
Hypersensitivity and its classification .pptx
Hypersensitivity and its classification .pptxHypersensitivity and its classification .pptx
Hypersensitivity and its classification .pptxAkshay Shetty
 
Introduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali Rai
Introduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali RaiIntroduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali Rai
Introduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali RaiGoogle
 
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledge
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-KnowledgeGiftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledge
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledgeassessoriafabianodea
 
Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...
Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...
Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...Wessex Health Partners
 
The next social challenge to public health: the information environment.pptx
The next social challenge to public health:  the information environment.pptxThe next social challenge to public health:  the information environment.pptx
The next social challenge to public health: the information environment.pptxTina Purnat
 
HERBS AS HEALTH FOOD - Brief introduction and therapeutic applications of: N...
HERBS AS HEALTH FOOD - Brief introduction and therapeutic applications of:  N...HERBS AS HEALTH FOOD - Brief introduction and therapeutic applications of:  N...
HERBS AS HEALTH FOOD - Brief introduction and therapeutic applications of: N...Divya Kanojiya
 
Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...
Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...
Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...MehranMouzam
 
PNEUMOTHORAX AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PNEUMOTHORAX   AND  ITS  MANAGEMENTS.pdfPNEUMOTHORAX   AND  ITS  MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PNEUMOTHORAX AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdfDolisha Warbi
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Role of medicinal and aromatic plants in national economy PDF.pdf
Role of medicinal and aromatic plants in national economy PDF.pdfRole of medicinal and aromatic plants in national economy PDF.pdf
Role of medicinal and aromatic plants in national economy PDF.pdf
 
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
 
Musculoskeletal disorders: Osteoarthritis,.pptx
Musculoskeletal disorders: Osteoarthritis,.pptxMusculoskeletal disorders: Osteoarthritis,.pptx
Musculoskeletal disorders: Osteoarthritis,.pptx
 
Presentation on General Anesthetics pdf.
Presentation on General Anesthetics pdf.Presentation on General Anesthetics pdf.
Presentation on General Anesthetics pdf.
 
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
 
Informed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptx
Informed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptxInformed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptx
Informed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptx
 
VarSeq 2.6.0: Advancing Pharmacogenomics and Genomic Analysis
VarSeq 2.6.0: Advancing Pharmacogenomics and Genomic AnalysisVarSeq 2.6.0: Advancing Pharmacogenomics and Genomic Analysis
VarSeq 2.6.0: Advancing Pharmacogenomics and Genomic Analysis
 
Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptx
Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptxPresentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptx
Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptx
 
Chronic-Fatigue-Syndrome-CFS-Understanding-a-Complex-Disorder.pptx
Chronic-Fatigue-Syndrome-CFS-Understanding-a-Complex-Disorder.pptxChronic-Fatigue-Syndrome-CFS-Understanding-a-Complex-Disorder.pptx
Chronic-Fatigue-Syndrome-CFS-Understanding-a-Complex-Disorder.pptx
 
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptx
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptxWorld-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptx
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptx
 
Units of Radiation Measurements, Quality Specification, Half-Value Thickness,...
Units of Radiation Measurements, Quality Specification, Half-Value Thickness,...Units of Radiation Measurements, Quality Specification, Half-Value Thickness,...
Units of Radiation Measurements, Quality Specification, Half-Value Thickness,...
 
Primary headache and facial pain. (2024)
Primary headache and facial pain. (2024)Primary headache and facial pain. (2024)
Primary headache and facial pain. (2024)
 
Hypersensitivity and its classification .pptx
Hypersensitivity and its classification .pptxHypersensitivity and its classification .pptx
Hypersensitivity and its classification .pptx
 
Introduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali Rai
Introduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali RaiIntroduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali Rai
Introduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali Rai
 
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledge
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-KnowledgeGiftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledge
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledge
 
Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...
Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...
Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...
 
The next social challenge to public health: the information environment.pptx
The next social challenge to public health:  the information environment.pptxThe next social challenge to public health:  the information environment.pptx
The next social challenge to public health: the information environment.pptx
 
HERBS AS HEALTH FOOD - Brief introduction and therapeutic applications of: N...
HERBS AS HEALTH FOOD - Brief introduction and therapeutic applications of:  N...HERBS AS HEALTH FOOD - Brief introduction and therapeutic applications of:  N...
HERBS AS HEALTH FOOD - Brief introduction and therapeutic applications of: N...
 
Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...
Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...
Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...
 
PNEUMOTHORAX AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PNEUMOTHORAX   AND  ITS  MANAGEMENTS.pdfPNEUMOTHORAX   AND  ITS  MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PNEUMOTHORAX AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdf
 

Common emergencies

  • 2. Common emergencies are • • • • Minor burns Major burns Dog bites Choking
  • 4. Minor burns 1. If the skin is unbroken run cool water over the area of the burn or soak it in a cool water bath. Keep the area submerged for at least 5 minutes. 2. Calm and reassure the person. 3. Cover the burnt area with a dry sterile bandage or clean dressing. 4. Protect the burn from pressure and friction. 5. Administer analgesics. 6. Give TT Injection if the person has not received it within last 5 years.
  • 6. Major burns • Wrap the person on fire using a thick material to smother the flame. Douse the person with water. • Assess & Maintain breathing. If no breathing initiate rescue breathing or CPR. • Cover the burn area with a dry sterile bandage or clean cloth. • If fingers or toes have been burned, separate them with dry, sterile non-adhesive dressing.
  • 7. • Elevate the body part, that is burned, above the level of the heart. • Take steps to prevent shock. Lay the person flat, elevate the feet about 12 inches and cover the person with a blanket. • Monitor the vital signs until medical aid arrives.
  • 8. Do Not’s of major burn management • Do not apply ointment, butter, ice, medications, cream, oil spray, or any household remedy to a severe burn. • Do not breathe blow or cough on the burn. • Do not disturb blisters or dead skin. • Do not remove clothing that is stuck to the skin.
  • 9. • Do not give the person anything by mouth, if there is a severe burn. • Do not immerse a severe burn in cold water. Because this can cause shock. • Do not place a pillow under the person’s head if there is an airway burn. This can obstruct the airways due to congestion.
  • 11. Dog bites • Clean the wound to remove its saliva completely. • Wash the wound under running water using soap. • Do not close the puncture wounds with dressing. • Cover the cut or laceration using dry dressing. • Administer TT inj. • Start post exposure prophylaxis against rabies • Passive immunization using immunoglobulins.
  • 12. Post exposure prophylaxis against rabies • Rabivir is the commonly used vaccine. • 5 doses at 0, 3, 7, 14 and 28 days • For people with poor immune system an extra dose is given on 90th Day.
  • 14. Choking • Choking is the mechanical obstruction of the flow of air from the environment into the lungs. • Causes: – Respiratory diseases leading to respiratory obstruction – Compression of the laryngopharynx, larynx or trachea. – Foreign objects in respiratory tract
  • 15. Clinical manifestations of choking • Universal sign of distress • Difficulty to speak or cry. • Breathing, if possible, will be laboured, wheezing and gasping will be noted. • Violent involuntary cough, gurgle or vomiting noise
  • 18.
  • 19. Treatment • Heimlich maneuver / Abdominal thrust • Self treatment with Abdominal thrust using chair • Back slaps 5-20 • Modified chest thrusts for obese and pregnant • CPR • Finger sweeping • Direct vision removal