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BIOTERRORISM
What is Bioterrorism ? Bioterrorism is terrorism by intentional release or dissemination of  biological agents such as ba...
History Biological terrorism dates as far back as ancient Roman civilization. This early version of biological terrorism...
 Over time, biological warfare became more and more  sophisticated. Countries began to develop weapons which were much m...
How is bioterrorism such a threat? Terrorists may use biological agents because they can be extremely  difficult to detec...
 The world is largely unaware. They have long term consequences Rapid evolution Undetectable and easy transported from...
Types of bioterrorism agents                    Category A agents1. Smallpox virus2. Anthrax3. Plague4. Botulism5. Viral h...
Category A This Can be easily transmitted from person to person. Might cause public panic and social disruption
Category B agents1. Glanders2. Melioidosis3. Psittacosis4. Q fever5. Ricin6. Staphylococcal7. Typhus
Category B Are moderately easy to disseminate Result in moderate morbidity rates and low mortality rates
Category C agents1. Multi-drug resistant Tuberculosis (MTB)2. Nipah Virus3. Hantavirus
Category C Category C agents are pathogens. These might be engineered for mass dissemination They are easy to produce a...
Recent incidents 2001 Anthrax attack 2003 Ricin letter incidents
International responseThe 1925 Geneva Protocol   Prohibits the use of asphyxiating, poisonous, or other    gases and all...
1972 Biological Weapons Convention  First treaty to ban an entire class of weapons  Prohibits development, production, s...
Protection against bioterrorism Physical protection  Gas mask Immunological protection  Mass Vaccination
THANK YOU
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Bioterrorism

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Bioterrorism

  1. 1. BIOTERRORISM
  2. 2. What is Bioterrorism ? Bioterrorism is terrorism by intentional release or dissemination of biological agents such as bacteria, viruses, or toxins. These are used to cause illness or death in people, animals, or plants. Biological agents can be spread through the air, through water, or in food. Bacteria Viruses Toxins
  3. 3. History Biological terrorism dates as far back as ancient Roman civilization. This early version of biological terrorism was used to destroy enemy forces. It continued on into the 14th century. The use of disease as a weapon in history exhibited a lack of control aggressors had over their own biological weapons.
  4. 4.  Over time, biological warfare became more and more sophisticated. Countries began to develop weapons which were much more effective. One significant enhancement in biological weapon development was the first use of anthrax. This became a weapon of choice because it is easily transferred. During world war 1 the use of poisonous mustard gas became the biological weapon of choice.
  5. 5. How is bioterrorism such a threat? Terrorists may use biological agents because they can be extremely difficult to detect. They do not cause illness for several hours to several days. Some bioterrorism agents, like the smallpox virus, can be spread from person to person and some like anthrax, cannot.
  6. 6.  The world is largely unaware. They have long term consequences Rapid evolution Undetectable and easy transported from country to country.
  7. 7. Types of bioterrorism agents Category A agents1. Smallpox virus2. Anthrax3. Plague4. Botulism5. Viral hemorrhagic fevers
  8. 8. Category A This Can be easily transmitted from person to person. Might cause public panic and social disruption
  9. 9. Category B agents1. Glanders2. Melioidosis3. Psittacosis4. Q fever5. Ricin6. Staphylococcal7. Typhus
  10. 10. Category B Are moderately easy to disseminate Result in moderate morbidity rates and low mortality rates
  11. 11. Category C agents1. Multi-drug resistant Tuberculosis (MTB)2. Nipah Virus3. Hantavirus
  12. 12. Category C Category C agents are pathogens. These might be engineered for mass dissemination They are easy to produce and have potential for high morbidity or mortality.
  13. 13. Recent incidents 2001 Anthrax attack 2003 Ricin letter incidents
  14. 14. International responseThe 1925 Geneva Protocol  Prohibits the use of asphyxiating, poisonous, or other gases and all analogous liquids, materials or devices in warfare  ‘Customary international law’  Bans use not possession  No-first-use-treaty
  15. 15. 1972 Biological Weapons Convention  First treaty to ban an entire class of weapons  Prohibits development, production, stockpiling and acquisition of biological weapons  Does not obstruct non-hostile use of biological agents but still covers future weaponisation of agents.
  16. 16. Protection against bioterrorism Physical protection Gas mask Immunological protection Mass Vaccination
  17. 17. THANK YOU

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