EDUCATION IN INDIA… Education in India is provided by the public sector as well as the private sector, with control and funding coming from three levels: central, state, and local. The Nalanda University was the oldest university-system of education in the world. Western education became ingrained into Indian society with the establishment of the British Raj.
Education in India falls under the control of both the Union Government and the states, with some responsibilities lying with theUnion and the states having autonomy for others. The various articles of the Indian Constitution provide for education as a fundamental right. Most universities in India are controlled by the Union or the State Government.
STUDENT-TEACHER RATIO AND CLASS STRENGTH Right to education act (RTI) mandates an optimal student teacher ratio of 30:1 for all Indian Schools. If you believe the 2009-10 survey by District Information System on Education (DISE), then the current average student teacher ratio for primary schools in India is 32. Not too bad, you would say. In fact this number of has been improving over the years starting with 47 in 1995 to 40 in 2000 and 34 in 2008. However, the averages hide the reality.
EDUCATION IN CHINAEducation in the Peoples Republic of China is a state-run system of public education runby the Ministry of Education. All citizens must attend school for at least nine years. Thegovernment provides primary education for six time to time years, starting at age six orseven, followed by six years of secondary education for ages 12 to 18. Some provinces mayhave five years of primary school but four years for middle school. There are three years ofmiddle school and three years of high school. The Ministry of Education reported a 99percent attendance rate for primary school and an 80 percent rate for both primary andmiddle schools. In 1985, the government abolished tax-funded higher education, requiringuniversity applicants to compete for scholarships based on academic ability. In the early1980s the government allowed the establishment of the first private schools.
International cooperation and educationexchanges increase every year. China has more students studying abroad than any other country; since 1979, there have been 697,000 Chinese students studying in 103 countries and regions, of whom 185,000 have returned after finishing their STUDIES. The number offoreign STUDENTS studying in China has also increased rapidly; in 2004, over 110,000 students from 178 countries were studying at Chinas universities.
Student-Teacher ratio and Class StrengthThe Pupil-teacher ratio; secondary in China was 15.72 in 2009, according to a World Bank report,published in 2010. The Pupil-teacher ratio; secondary in China was reported at 15.99 in 2008,according to the World Bank. Secondary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolledin secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers (regardless of their teachingassignment).This page includes a historical data chart, news and forecasts for Pupil-teacher ratio;secondary in China. Chinas economy is the second largest in the world after that of the United States.During the past 30 years Chinas economy has changed from a centrally planned system that waslargely closed to international trade to a more market-oriented that has a rapidly growing privatesector. A major component supporting Chinas rapid economic growth has been exports growth.
EDUCATION IN Egypt has made significant progress towards achieving the Education for All (EFA) and EGYPT the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), particularly in expanding access to basic education, and closing the gap between boys’ and girls’ enrolment. Egypt has attained a school net enrolment rate of 95.4% . Despite this overall progress, socio-economic, geographical factors and gender disparities continue to affect access to primary education. The percentage of children between the age 6-18 years who never enrolled or who have dropped out of basic education is 14.7%, equivalent to around 3 million children . Most of these children come from poor families; live in remote rural communities; are working children, and children with disabilities. In addition, gross enrolment rates for girls are generally lower than those of boys in primary school and gender gap is 2.8% in favor of boys at the national level
Gender gaps especially in rural Upper Egypt ranges between 1.2% (Aswan Governorate) to 11.2% (Assist Governorate)3 and remain an important challenge towards achieving universal primary education. The pre-school education system, where children are prepared physically, socially and cognitively for the rest of their education, is underdeveloped and is mainly anurban phenomenon. About 21% of children are enrolled in pre-schools, whichis far from the national goal of 60% enrolment. In addition, the quality of education remains a major challenge that hinders the capacity of children to develop to their full potential
Student Teacher Educationists have often stressed on the low student teacher ratio set-ups. TheRatio and Class higher the ratio the lesser is the focus Strength received by individual pupil. For example, a classroom with 50 students and just one teacher would mean the teacher-student ratio of 1:50 – one teacher for 50 students. Since a single teacher has to educate 50 students collectively, the treatment received by anyone would be little.
EDUCATION IN UK Education in England is overseen by the Department for Education and the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills. Local authorities(LAs) take responsibility for implementing policy for public education and state schools at a regional level. The education system is divided into nursery (ages 3–4), primary education (ages 4–11), secondary education (ages 11–18) and tertiary education (ages 18+).
Full-time education is compulsory for all children aged between 5 and 16, with a child beginning primary education during the school year he or she turns 5. Students may then continue their secondary studies for a further two years (sixth form), leading most typically to A-level qualifications, although other qualifications and courses exist, including Business and Technology Education Council (BTEC) qualifications, the International Baccalaureate (IB) and the Cambridge Pre-U. The leaving age forcompulsory education was raised to 18 by the Education and Skills Act 2008. The change will take effect in 2013 for 16-year-olds and 2015 for 17-year- olds. State-provided schooling and sixth form education is paid for by taxes. England also has a tradition of independent schooling, but parents may choose to educate their children by any suitable means.
STUDENT-TEACHER RATIO AND CLASS STRENGTH PUPIL TO TEACHER AND PUPIL TO ADULT RATIOS – The within school pupil to teacher ratios in local authority maintained primary and secondary schools were 21.0 and 15.5 respectively (compared to 20.9 and 15.6 in November 2010). The change may be due to the increasing number of primary school pupils and a reduction in secondary school pupils. Direct comparisons are difficult due to the number of schools that have converted to academy status during the year. The pupil to teacher ratio in academies was 16.0 compared to 15.9 in November 2011. This change is due in part to the increase in the proportion of primary academies that tend to have a higher pupil to teacher ratio.
The overall pupil to teacher ratio was 17.6 compared to 17.3 in November 2010. The Local Authority Maintained Overall PTR has increased in part because the proportion ofsecondary school pupils and teachers included in this figure has decreased as more schools have converted to academy status. The pupil to adult ratios in local authority maintained primary and secondary schools was 11.9 and 10.9 respectively
EDUCATION IN AUSTRALIA Education in Australia is primarily the responsibility of the states and territories. Each state or territory government provides funding and regulates the public and private schools within its governing area. The federal government helps fund the public universities, but is not involved in setting curriculum. Generally, education in Australia follows the three-tier model which includes primary education (primary schools), followed by secondary education (secondary schools/high schools) and tertiary education (universities and/or TAFE colleges).
The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2006 evaluation ranked theAustralian education system as sixth for reading, eighth for science and thirteenth for mathematics, on a worldwide scale including 56 countries. The PISA 2010 evaluation ranked the Australian education system as sixth for reading, seventh for science and ninth for mathematics, an improvement relative to the 2006 rankings. The Education Index, published with the UNs Human Development Index in 2008, based on data from 2006, lists Australia as 0.993, amongst the highest in the world, tied for first with Denmark and Finland.Education in Australia is compulsory between the ages of five and fifteen to seventeen, depending on the state or territory, and date of birth.Post-compulsory education is regulated within the Australian Qualifications Framework, a unified system of national qualifications in schools, vocational education and training (TAFE) and the higher education sector (university).
According to Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) statistics, in secondary schools world-wide: average class size is 24 students student/teacher ratio is 11.75. Victorian schools are equal or better. In Victorian secondary schools this year: average class size is 21.6 students student/teacher ratio is 11.8.