MUS 420 Music Products Seminar Dr. Sandy Schaefer Drum Sticks
Introduction <ul><li>The basic accessory every drummer needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Materials: various woods (maple, hickory, ...
Parts of the Stick
Stick Types <ul><li>Different sticks for different uses. </li></ul><ul><li>Concert style - heavier, some prefer round tips...
Stick Types <ul><li>Jazz - lighter than rock, good taper for flex (good bounce off the cymbal). Most prefer wood tips </li...
Woods <ul><li>Rock Maple - lighter, good flex and rebound. 10% lighter than hickory </li></ul><ul><li>Sugar Maple </li></u...
Other Materials <ul><li>Metal - Ahead Sticks </li></ul><ul><li>Graphite - Aquarian </li></ul><ul><li>Light & glows - Hip T...
Tips <ul><li>Shape controls contact area. Contact area controls overtones. Small contact=higher, larger=lower  </li></ul>b...
Tips cont. <ul><li>Nylon Tips - originally designed for rock drummers, durability. Harder surface means higher overtones (...
Stick Sizes <ul><li>Sticks identified by number/letter combination </li></ul><ul><li>Common sizes: 2A, 2B, 5A, 5B, 7A, 8D,...
Stick Sizes <ul><li>Example Vic Firth </li></ul><ul><li>7A - 15.5”, .540” dia. (Zildjian .525”) </li></ul><ul><li>8D - 16”...
Stick Grips <ul><li>Some drummers have stick slippage problems.  </li></ul><ul><li>Some sticks have roughened area or plas...
Stick Sizes <ul><li>Artist Models - famous drummers assemble their favorite from the variety of length, diameter, tip, & w...
Selecting Sticks <ul><li>Roll on counter to check for warping. The tip will wobble on a warped stick. Put the good ones in...
Combination Sticks <ul><li>To facilitate some concert situations sticks sometimes have mallets at the other end. </li></ul>
Manufacturing Process: Vic Firth (Newport, Maine) <ul><li>Wood cut 1” squares and kiln dried for 2 weeks. 50% of fresh cut...
Process cont. <ul><li>Pro-Mark has additional “Millennium II” process. It strengthens the wood, adds resonance, reduces wa...
Process cont. <ul><li>After reaching desired moisture content Wooden squares placed in doweling machine </li></ul><ul><li>...
Process cont. <ul><li>Stick shaped with grinding wheel. Two-step process (butt then tip).  </li></ul><ul><li>Each model ha...
Process cont. <ul><li>Timpani sticks and bass drum beaters and lathed, sanded, & varnished. </li></ul><ul><li>Sticks with ...
Process cont. <ul><li>Inspected for straightness by infrared fiber optic sensor. </li></ul><ul><li>Sticks sorted by  weigh...
Process cont <ul><li>Sticks matched by color, placed in package, bar coded, wrapped in bricks of 12 pair, and shipped. </l...
Brushes <ul><li>Originally were “fly whisks” used for softer playing.  </li></ul><ul><li>Classic brushes are thin metal wi...
Brushes
Rute/Rods <ul><li>A bundle of wooden dowels in a plastic/rubber handle. Dowels in various thickness’. Softer than sticks/l...
Manufacturers <ul><li>http://home.iae.nl/users/nuenen/trademarks_drumsticks.htm  lists 90 brands </li></ul><ul><li>Drum ma...
Manufacturers <ul><li>Retail stores can their own brand of  sticks  </li></ul><ul><li>Vic Firth -(vicfirth.com) timpanist ...
Manufacturers <ul><li>Pro Mark - (promark.com) Houston TX 1957. Oak, Hickory, and oak. 50% of oak sticks made in Japan. Al...
Manufacturers <ul><li>Zildjian - the country’s oldest cymbal manufacture moved into drums sticks in 1988. Has a standard s...
Manufacturers <ul><li>Vater (vater.com). Started in 1940s, hand made sticks out of his music store </li></ul><ul><li>Ameri...
Manufacturers <ul><li>Cooperman - (cooperman.com) makes rope tensioned drums for drum & fife corps. Sticks are persimmon w...
Manufacturers <ul><li>Ahead (bigbangdist.com), alloy sticks, with replaceable plastic sleeve and plastic tips. Unbreakable...
Manufacturers <ul><li>Aquarian (aquariandrumheads.com). Graphite sticks & power sleeve </li></ul>
Manufacturers <ul><li>Square Beat - (squarebeatsticks.com), yep, another spin on an old idea. </li></ul><ul><li>Trueline -...
Manufacturers <ul><li>Hip Trix - (hiptrix.com) glow in the dark sticks. No batteries, luminescent </li></ul>
Manufacturers <ul><li>Powerstix - (powerstix.com), multi-colored LED lights inside a polycarbonate stick </li></ul>
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Drumsticks

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a presentation of available drum stick types/styles.

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Drumsticks

  1. 1. MUS 420 Music Products Seminar Dr. Sandy Schaefer Drum Sticks
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>The basic accessory every drummer needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Materials: various woods (maple, hickory, oak, persimmon), carbon fiber, plastic, fiberglass, metal </li></ul><ul><li>Sizes: length, diameter, taper, tip shape, tip material. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Parts of the Stick
  4. 4. Stick Types <ul><li>Different sticks for different uses. </li></ul><ul><li>Concert style - heavier, some prefer round tips. Most prefer wood tips. Enough flex in taper to roll smoothly. </li></ul><ul><li>Rock - heavier than jazz sticks, some use concert sizes. Usually nylon tips and thicker neck for durability. Recording drummers usually prefer wood tips </li></ul>
  5. 5. Stick Types <ul><li>Jazz - lighter than rock, good taper for flex (good bounce off the cymbal). Most prefer wood tips </li></ul><ul><li>Marching - heaviest stick (promotes open rolls). Usually wood tips. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Woods <ul><li>Rock Maple - lighter, good flex and rebound. 10% lighter than hickory </li></ul><ul><li>Sugar Maple </li></ul><ul><li>American Hickory - heavier, more durable SP .82 @ 15% moisture </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese shira kashi white oak, SP .90 @ 15% moisture, 10% heavier than hickory </li></ul><ul><li>Persimmon - beautiful finish </li></ul>
  7. 7. Other Materials <ul><li>Metal - Ahead Sticks </li></ul><ul><li>Graphite - Aquarian </li></ul><ul><li>Light & glows - Hip Trix, Powerstix </li></ul>
  8. 8. Tips <ul><li>Shape controls contact area. Contact area controls overtones. Small contact=higher, larger=lower </li></ul>ball oval teardrop acorn
  9. 9. Tips cont. <ul><li>Nylon Tips - originally designed for rock drummers, durability. Harder surface means higher overtones (brittle sound) </li></ul><ul><li>Wood Tips -= warmer sound, less highs, damaged by cymbals </li></ul>
  10. 10. Stick Sizes <ul><li>Sticks identified by number/letter combination </li></ul><ul><li>Common sizes: 2A, 2B, 5A, 5B, 7A, 8D, 2S. Lower number = larger diameter. B= band, A=orchestra, S= marching (street), D= dance band. </li></ul><ul><li>No real standardization between brands </li></ul>
  11. 11. Stick Sizes <ul><li>Example Vic Firth </li></ul><ul><li>7A - 15.5”, .540” dia. (Zildjian .525”) </li></ul><ul><li>8D - 16”, .540’ </li></ul><ul><li>5A - 16”, .565” (Zildjian .560”) </li></ul><ul><li>5B - 16”, .595” (Zildjian .600”) </li></ul><ul><li>2B - 16.25”, .630” </li></ul><ul><li>Rock - 16 5/8”, .630” </li></ul>
  12. 12. Stick Grips <ul><li>Some drummers have stick slippage problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Some sticks have roughened area or plastic grip to help </li></ul><ul><li>Gorilla Snot applies to the stick </li></ul><ul><li>Zildjian has a Dip series with plastic coating. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Stick Sizes <ul><li>Artist Models - famous drummers assemble their favorite from the variety of length, diameter, tip, & woods </li></ul>
  14. 14. Selecting Sticks <ul><li>Roll on counter to check for warping. The tip will wobble on a warped stick. Put the good ones in a pile </li></ul><ul><li>Weigh/balance sticks using the same hand. Sort similar sticks. </li></ul><ul><li>Check pitch on counter or using the clave technique </li></ul>
  15. 15. Combination Sticks <ul><li>To facilitate some concert situations sticks sometimes have mallets at the other end. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Manufacturing Process: Vic Firth (Newport, Maine) <ul><li>Wood cut 1” squares and kiln dried for 2 weeks. 50% of fresh cut wood’s weight is water. Drying contracts & hardens wood. Improperly dried wood sticks warp. (Sawdust & shavings fire the kiln) </li></ul><ul><li>Vater uses a vacuum process (24 hrs.) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Process cont. <ul><li>Pro-Mark has additional “Millennium II” process. It strengthens the wood, adds resonance, reduces warping. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Process cont. <ul><li>After reaching desired moisture content Wooden squares placed in doweling machine </li></ul><ul><li>wood dowels inspected and graded into several categories, (color, grain straightness, mineral streaks, blemishes and structural defects). Best grain pattern used for the tip end. Length is cut. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Process cont. <ul><li>Stick shaped with grinding wheel. Two-step process (butt then tip). </li></ul><ul><li>Each model has a different grinding wheel and steel template (.001” accuracy). </li></ul><ul><li>Grinding done underwater to keep stick from burning (water is filtered & recycled) </li></ul><ul><li>Pro-Mark uses high speed lathe, doesn’t heat the wood as much </li></ul>
  20. 20. Process cont. <ul><li>Timpani sticks and bass drum beaters and lathed, sanded, & varnished. </li></ul><ul><li>Sticks with complex shaped on Computer Numerical Control lathe. </li></ul><ul><li>Sticks put in tumbler to add the finish. </li></ul><ul><li>Pro-Mark has non-toxic finish, sticks less sensitive to moisture changes </li></ul><ul><li>Another inspection, Pro-Mark has 7 inspections </li></ul><ul><li>Logo stamped </li></ul>
  21. 21. Process cont. <ul><li>Inspected for straightness by infrared fiber optic sensor. </li></ul><ul><li>Sticks sorted by weighed </li></ul><ul><li>Sticks sorted by tone, struck with hammer, & frequency analyzed by computer </li></ul><ul><li>Pro-Mark sorts by weight and pitch also. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Process cont <ul><li>Sticks matched by color, placed in package, bar coded, wrapped in bricks of 12 pair, and shipped. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Brushes <ul><li>Originally were “fly whisks” used for softer playing. </li></ul><ul><li>Classic brushes are thin metal wires in a rubber coated handle. The wires retract into the handle. </li></ul><ul><li>Today some brushes are made of plastic wires. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Brushes
  25. 25. Rute/Rods <ul><li>A bundle of wooden dowels in a plastic/rubber handle. Dowels in various thickness’. Softer than sticks/louder than brushes </li></ul>
  26. 26. Manufacturers <ul><li>http://home.iae.nl/users/nuenen/trademarks_drumsticks.htm lists 90 brands </li></ul><ul><li>Drum manufacturers once marketed their own brand of sticks </li></ul><ul><li>Now stick specialists control the market </li></ul>
  27. 27. Manufacturers <ul><li>Retail stores can their own brand of sticks </li></ul><ul><li>Vic Firth -(vicfirth.com) timpanist Boston Symphony, began making timpani sticks, expanded line. Has complete line of sticks, mallets, beaters, practice pads, stick bags, and wearables. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Manufacturers <ul><li>Pro Mark - (promark.com) Houston TX 1957. Oak, Hickory, and oak. 50% of oak sticks made in Japan. Also concert percussion sticks, practice pads, etc. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Manufacturers <ul><li>Zildjian - the country’s oldest cymbal manufacture moved into drums sticks in 1988. Has a standard stick line plus anti vibration sticks, coated sticks, and roughened grip sticks. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Manufacturers <ul><li>Vater (vater.com). Started in 1940s, hand made sticks out of his music store </li></ul><ul><li>American Drum - family owned, started with marimba mallets </li></ul>
  31. 31. Manufacturers <ul><li>Cooperman - (cooperman.com) makes rope tensioned drums for drum & fife corps. Sticks are persimmon wood </li></ul>
  32. 32. Manufacturers <ul><li>Ahead (bigbangdist.com), alloy sticks, with replaceable plastic sleeve and plastic tips. Unbreakable </li></ul>
  33. 33. Manufacturers <ul><li>Aquarian (aquariandrumheads.com). Graphite sticks & power sleeve </li></ul>
  34. 34. Manufacturers <ul><li>Square Beat - (squarebeatsticks.com), yep, another spin on an old idea. </li></ul><ul><li>Trueline - (trueline.com) unique designs </li></ul>
  35. 35. Manufacturers <ul><li>Hip Trix - (hiptrix.com) glow in the dark sticks. No batteries, luminescent </li></ul>
  36. 36. Manufacturers <ul><li>Powerstix - (powerstix.com), multi-colored LED lights inside a polycarbonate stick </li></ul>

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