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What Have You Done Lately?


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Present Perfect Tense
Already and Yet
Since and For

Published in: Education, Technology

What Have You Done Lately?

  1. 1. What have you done lately? Present Perfect M.D. Sandra E. Meza Peña And Students from High School March 2007.
  2. 2. Present Perfect Look at this phrase: “ ...The same brushes and paints we have used for decades ...” Yes No Artists used brushes and paints before now. Artists use brushes and paints now. Yes Yes This statement implies that:
  3. 3. Present Perfect Now, look at these sentences. They all describe activities that began in the past and still continue. 1.- I have lived in Monterrey since I was born. 2.- I have been in High School for 3 semesters. 3.- We have studied English since Junior High. 4.- My sister has helped me to keep practicing. 5.- She has spoken English all her life.
  4. 4. GRAMMAR <ul><li>Present Perfect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The present perfect simple is used to look back on actions in the past  with a connection to the present. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used with this time words : ever - never - before  - since - how long - for - just - this - yet - already </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We also use the Present Perfect to talk about an imprecise time in the past but as soon as we become precise we switch to the Past Simple. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Present Perfect is used HAVE / HAS followed by a verb in participle form. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. an UFO. seen have They to Mexico several times. gone have We the window. broken has It in love with you. fallen has She to the house 5 times this year come has He in Teran since 1998. lived have You my homework done have I COMPLEMENT PARTICIPLE VERB HAVE / HAS PERSONAL PRONOUN
  6. 6. In negative sentences we just add the word NOT after the verb have / has. the exam. taken hasn’t She me yet called hasn’t He to Europe yet. traveled haven’t You my homework finished haven’t I COMPLEMENT PARTICIPLE VERB HAVE / HAS + not PERSONAL PRONOUN
  7. 7. Remember: We use the Present Perfect with: have or has + Past Participle have I We You They has He She It Now, complete the following exercise using verbs in parentheses. 1.- English ______ _______ a major language since many years ago.(be) 2.- We ______ _____________ in extracurricular activities.(participate) 3.- Technology ______ _________ an increasing role in education.(play) have not has not
  8. 8. Now, complete the following exercise using verbs in parentheses. 1. English ______ _______ a major language since many years ago.(be) 2. We ______ _____________ in extracurricular activities.(participate) 3. Technology ______ _________ an increasing role in education.(play) 4. Pedro ______ ________ the best one in Mathematics. (be)
  9. 9. 5.- ______ Andrea _________ some poems ? (write) 6.-The students _________ their English homework.(do) 7.- _______ the teacher and the students _________ the project ? (finish) 8.- Sara ___________ all the exams. (pass) (negative) 9.- Education ______________ our society. (improve) 10.- Mr. Smith ___________ a teacher for many years.(be) 11.- I _______________ Chinese food. (have) (negative)
  10. 10. FOR and SINCE <ul><li>We use FOR and SINCE to say how long something has been happening. </li></ul><ul><li>We use FOR + a period of time (two hours, six weeks, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>I haven’t seen you for ages </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve been working for two hours . </li></ul><ul><li>We use SINCE + the start of a period (8 o’clock, Monday, 1999, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>I have lived in Montemorelos since 1998 . </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve been here since 8 o’clock. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Practice since and for <ul><ul><li>Sarah has lived in Paris ____________ 1995. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paul has lived in London ____________ ten years. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I haven’t been to a party ____________ ages. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I wonder where Joe is. I haven’t seen him ____________ last week. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jane is away. She’s been away ____________ Friday. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Daniel has been in Hong Kong _____________ 2001. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I’ve been a nurse _____________ several years. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manolo was an exchange student in Mexico _____________ a whole semester. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mr. and Mrs. Smith have been married _____________ nearly 40 years. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How are you? I haven’t seen you _____________ your wedding. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where have you been? I’ve been here _____________ over an hour. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I haven’t had this much time _____________ I was a kid. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maggie has had the same hairstyle _____________ high school. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I’m so sleepy. I’ve been awake _____________ 4:00 this morning. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Doctors have worked in the procedure _____________ hours. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Already and Yet <ul><li>We use ALREADY to say that something happened sooner than expected. Already usually goes in the middle of a sentence </li></ul><ul><li>For example: I have already listened that CD. </li></ul><ul><li>We use YEY mainly in negative sentences (He isn’t here yet) and questions (Is he here yet). YET shows that the speaker is expecting something to happen. </li></ul><ul><li>For example: I haven’t travelled to Europe yet. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Write 5 things you have already done in this year and 5 things you haven’t done yet. <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>I have already read that book you were talking about. </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________________________ </li></ul>I have already gone to Acapulco several times.
  14. 14. <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>I haven’t passed the test yet. </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________________________ </li></ul>I haven’t climbed to the top of Chipinque yet .
  15. 15. P r e s e n t P e r f e c t Write the words in the correct order to make logical sentences. 1.- existence – of years – The Earth – for millions – been – has – in 2.- an important – been – The Red Cross – Organization – International - has – since 1864. 3.- You – ever – Have – a – museum – visited - ? 4.- failed – subjects – two – Jimmy – has – Math – Biology – and . 5.- have – Cancun – not – gone – yet – My – to – parents .
  16. 16. Present Perfect vs. Simple Past Tense Select the adequate verb to complete each sentence. 1.- Paul ________ iguana meat last July (ate/ has eaten) but he ___________ up in a balloon yet . (didn’t go/ hasn’t gone) 2.- My brother ___________ that movie many times but I haven’t. ( saw / has seen ) 3.- Patty _________ a new car last month (bought / has bought) but I __________ one yet. (didn’t buy / haven’t bought) 4.- The teacher ____________ present perfect tense yesterday. (explained / has explained)
  17. 17. Now it´s time for practicing in your workbook or manual. <ul><li>Mail me at [email_address] </li></ul>