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  1. 1. Código GS-FR-084 C QUARTER EVALUATION Fecha de Versión 2011-09-22 Elaboró: Edith Ceferino Revisó: Luis Fernando Aprobó: Edith Ceferino Contreras Cargo: Coordinadora Cargo: Coordinador Cargo: Coordinadora Académica Primaria Gestión de Calidad Académica Primaria Fecha: Sept. 22 de 2011 Fecha: Sep. 22 de 2011 Fecha: Sept. 22 de 2011DEPARTMENT: Art SUBJECT: ArtSTUDENT’S NAME: ___________________________________________DATE: ________________________________ GRADE: 9th______IM 1.Read the following texts and answer the questions.The Mexican Revolution 1910“The Mexican Revolution was brought on by, among other factors, tremendousdisagreement among the Mexican people over the dictatorship of President Porfirio Díaz,who, all told, stayed in office for thirty one years. During that span, power wasconcentrated in the hands of a select few; the people had no power to express theiropinions or select their public officials. Wealth was likewise concentrated in the hands ofthe few, and injustice was everywhere, in the cities and the countryside alike.A new generation of young leaders arose who wanted to participate in the political life oftheir country, but they were denied the opportunity by the officials who were alreadyentrenched in power and who were not about to give it up.Francisco Madero was one ofthe strongest believers that President Díaz should renounce his power and not seek re-election.Francisco I. Madero was a firm supporter of democracy and of makinggovernment subject to the strict limits of the law, and the success of Maderos movementmade him a threat in the eyes of President Díaz. Madero made the daring move ofdeclaring himself President Pro-Temp until new elections could be held. Madero promisedto return all land which had been confiscated from the peasants, and he called foruniversal voting rights and for a limit of one term for the president.Maderos call for an uprising on November 20th, 1910, marked the beginning of theMexican Revolution.Madero was able to persuade Pascual Orozco and Francisco "Pancho"Villa to join the revolution. Though they had no military experience, Orozco and Villaproved to be excellent strategists, and they earned the allegiance of the people ofnorthern Mexico, who were particularly unhappy about the abusive ranchers andlandlords who ran the North.The "Maderista" troops, and the national anger whichinspired them, defeated the army of Diaz within six months. The decisive victory of theMexican Revolution was the capture of Ciudad Juarez, just across the river from El Paso,
  2. 2. by Orozco and Villa. With the collapse of the Díaz regime, the Mexican Congress electedFrancisco León de la Barra as President Pro-Temp and called for national popularelections, which resulted in the victory of Francisco Madero as President.”(http://www.mexconnect.com/articles/2824-the-mexican-revolution-1910Mexconnect)Mexican Muralism“Mexico’s mural tradition is long and notable. Historically, it is significant because of itspolitical undertones and how artists used art forms to celebrate the socialist revolution in1910.Themostcelebrated of the Mexican mural painters is Diego Rivera, who developedhis own style based on large, simplified figures and bold colors with an Aztec influence.”(http://www.citypress.co.za/lifestyle/diego-rivera-mural-of-mexico-20111028/ City Press)“Almost all of Diego Rivera’s art told a story, many of which depicted Mexican society, theMexican Revolution, or reflected his own personal social and political beliefs.The figures inthis painting are an illustration of Rivera’s transferring his political beliefs onto canvas. Hewas an active member of the Mexican communist party, and was friends with LeonTrotsky, who lived with him for seven months.”(www.wikipaintings.org> Diego Rivera / The Art Encyclopedia) “THE ARSENAL”1928 Diego Rivera
  3. 3. Identify 2 items from the painting and relate them to the information given in the text. ___________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________CHARACTERS IN THE MURAL THE ARSENAL:Frida Kahlo- His wife, a painter who supported his ideals about the Mexican Revolution.Tina Modotti- Italian photographer and Revolutionary political activistJulio Antonio Mella- Founder of the internationalized Cuban communist party (blue jacketand grey hat)Vittorio Vidale- Italian-born Stalinist sympathizer, (face with black hat)Countrymen- farmers and working class Mexican peopleUsing information form the texts, and the character list from the mural “The Arsenal”,analyze the image and briefly describe the story in the painting.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________How does “The Arsenal” reflect the social and political problems in Mexican Revolution?_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  4. 4. CT 1, C 1.MEME: Thought or image that replicates itself via cultural means, specifically throughthe internet. (www.urbandictionary.com)In Mexican Muralism, art was a way of expressing the social and political situationregarding their country during the beginning of the XXth century. Make a LINE drawing inblack and white using, related to a current social or political situation in Colombia, andadd an ironic or sarcastic comment to go with it, making the MEME a critique. Use theother page to cut and add 3 comments on other drawings made by your classmates,appropriating their idea and making these items MEMES, (an image or idea that replicatesitself in a specific community.)________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  5. 5. Name: ___________________________ Class: _____________________________________________________________________________________________________Name: ___________________________ Class: ________CUT HERE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________Name: ___________________________ Class: ________CUT HERE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________
  6. 6. Name: ___________________________ Class: ________M 1.During this LCE Session, we appropriated the main characteristics of MexicanMuralism, in which art was a way of expressing the social and political situation regardingtheir country. Through the MEME activity, you should have taken these items and usethem in your own artwork as a critique for the situation in Colombia.Grade your process during this LCE Session, taking into account the use of line drawing,the concept you propose through your MEME, and the comments you add to otherpeople’s MEMES. E S B I DWhy did you choose this grade? ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________How could you improve your MEME activity process if you had the chance to do it again?__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________