10th, Silhouettes, stencils and graffiti, bim 1, 2011
Name: ___________________________ Date: ________________ Grade: _________ GIMNASIO CAMPESTRE ART DEPARTMENT Silhouettes, stencil, and graffiti Silhouette: “A silhouette is the image of a person, an object or scene consisting of the outline and a featureless interior, with the silhouetted object usually being black. Traditionally, a silhouette is a form of artwork, the term originating in the 18th century and applied to portraits or other pictorial representations cut from thin black card.” 1. Draw a silhouette of an animal in the space below:Stencil: “The first stencils are paintings in caves dating over +10,000BC, where hands were used tocreate hand print outlines amongst other artwork, such as paintings of animals. The artist wouldspray pigment around his hand with his mouth.”“A stencil is a template used to draw or paint identical letters, numbers, symbols, shapes, orpatterns every time it is used. Stencils are formed by removing sections from template material inthe form of text or an image. This creates what is essentially a physical negative. The template canthen be used to create impressions of the stenciled image, by applying pigment on the surface ofthe template and through the removed sections, leaving a reproduction of the stencil on theunderlying surface. Sections of the remaining template which are isolated inside removed parts ofthe image are called islands. All islands must be connected to other parts of the template withbridges.”
Cueva de las Manos Santa Cruz, Argentina2. In your own words, describe how a stencil is used: ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________3. Give examples, apart from street graffiti, where you think stencils are used: _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ Graffiti has evolved into a pop culture existence Graffiti: “The earliest forms of graffiti date back to 30,000 BCE in the form of prehistoric cave paintings and pictographs using tools such as animal bones and pigments. These illustrations were often placed in ceremonial and sacred locations inside of the caves. The images drawn on the walls showed scenes of animal wildlife and hunting expeditions in most circumstances.” “Graffiti is the name for images or lettering scratched, scrawled, painted or marked in any manner on property. Graffiti is any type of public markings that may appear in the forms of simple written words to elaborate wall paintings. Graffiti has existed since ancient times, with examples dating back to Ancient Greece and the Roman Empire. In modern times paint, particularly spray paint, and marker pens have become the most commonly used graffiti materials. In most countries, marking or painting property without the property owners consent is considered defacement and vandalism, which is a punishable crime. Sometimes graffiti expresses social and political messages and a whole genre of artistic expression is based upon spray paint graffiti styles. To some, it is an art form worthy of display in galleries and exhibitions; to others it is merely vandalism.”
Forms of Graffiti: Some of the most common styles of graffiti have their own names. A "tag" is the most basic writing of an artists name, it is simply a handstyle. "Throw-up", also known as a "bombing" which is normally painted very quickly with two or three colors, sacrificing aesthetics for speed. A "piece" is a more elaborate representation of the artists name, incorporating more stylized letters, usually incorporating a much larger range of colors. "Wildstyle", is a form of graffiti usually involving interlocking letters and connecting points. These pieces are often harder to read by non-graffiti artists as the letters merge into one another in an often undecipherable manner.4. Do you think graffiti has become a powerful way of communication and/or expression? Why? _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________5. Sketch your own “tag” in the space below:6. In a separate piece of paper, cut out the “tag” you designed above and make it astencil. Use it with paint to print it on a colored paper with a contrasting color.Definitions in this workshop were taken from Wikipedia.