WHAT IS THE AUDIO-LINGUAL METHOD The audio-lingual method advised that students be taught a language directly, without using the students native language to explain new words or grammar in the target language. The audio-lingual method didn’t focus on teaching vocabulary, the teacher drilled students in the use of grammar. Lessons in the classroom focus on the correct imitation of the teacher by the students, not only are the students expected to produce the correct output, but attention is also paid to correct pronunciation.
CHARACTERISTICS: Speaking and listening competence preceded reading and writing competence. Students practice particular patterns of language through structured dialogue and drill until response is automatic. Structured patterns in language are taught using repetitive drills. The emphasis is on having students produce error free utterances. Only everyday vocabulary and sentences are taught. Mother tongue is discouraged in the classroom. The three crucial elements in learning: a stimulus, a response and reinforcement.
In this video we can see a class using the Audio-lingual method. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NKV1CR- LxIY&feature=related