Ancient GreecePresented by Mrs. Lee’s Class2013
The first Olympic games were held in 776 B.C. by theGreeks.The events were running, wrestling, boxing, longjumps, and throwing javelins. (long spears)Women, slaves, and servants were not allowed tocompete in the Olympics. (only men)Olympics
Before the Olympics started , men would train for 9months.They had coaches to help them train.When the athletes practiced they had people play theflute for them.Training
When the time of the Olympics came close, theathletes, coaches, and trainers started to travel toOlympia.If anyone broke the rules they would have to paymoney or get beaten.During break time they would eat figs, honey, grapesand goat cheese for energy. Just like what we eattoday! During Olympics
Winning athletes were made into heroes and weregiven gifts.Winners of the Olympics would be invited to parties,marry rich women, and have free food.What happened in the Olympics back then is like theOlympics today!After Olympics
Jason was the son of Aeson. He was the leader of theArgonants, a group of people.He was given a task to get a Golden Fleece. Jason was trained bya centaur (half horse and human) named Chiron.He ordered people to make a ship for the journey. The ship wascalled the Argo.Jason
Homer wrote a poem called “Odyssey”. Most of hispoems were epic poems which are about adventures.He lived around 700 B.C.Homer
Aristotle was born on 384 B.C. He died on 322 B.C.Aristotle went to Pluto’s academy for education.Aristotle was Alexander the Great’s teacher.Aristotle
Alexander was the first king to be called the “Great”.He was the leader of the Persian empire. He also ledthe Persian army.Alexander’s army never lost a battle.He was born in 356 B.C. and died at the age of 20.Alexander the Great
In Greece, people believed gods and goddesseswatched over them from Mount Olympus.They looked like people, but were much morepowerful.Gods and goddesses may seem real, but they are not.Mythology
How it all StartedPeople believed that Gaea the earth, was lonely untilshe met Uranus, the sky.Together, they created the Titans and other children.Zeus and his siblings defeated their father, Cronusand became the major gods of Olympus.
A man told a bored boy about a magical pony whocould take him anywhere, if he put a golden ringaround his neck.He found and captured the pony.The boy started to boast about Pegasus, the pony.Soon, no one liked him anymore.A bee who didn’t like him stung Pegasus, so he wouldfall off and lose Pegasus.The Legend: Pegasus
In many Greek myths, there are many monsters likethe sphinx.He told riddles that were very hard.If you didn’t get the answer, you couldn’t enter thecity he was guarding.A Monster
Greece was very powerful when they got in wars, sothey would normally win.One time they beat a city called Troy by hiding in agiant wooden horse.Sometimes two cities in Greece would get in wars.Two cities called Athens and Sparta got in a war.Sparta won.Wars
One powerful man called Alexander the Greatconquered Greece.Alexander made many cities like Bucelephala.(B00s-i-fell- u)Alexander made an army and led it west.Weakened by battle wounds Alexander the Greatbecame sick and died on June 10, 323 B.C.
A ship had about 170 men on it.All of the men on the ship had to pay money.Athens had a lot of ships because they werestronger on the water.The captain of the boat had to be smart so hecould sneak onto the enemy’s ship.
TheatreMen could only be actors not women.Actors would use masks to change to a differentcharacter.The two types of plays in Greece were funny playsand sad plays.Fine Arts
MusicMusic was very important to Greeks.Greek children were taught music in school.During parties and fairs they would sing Greek hymns.
Sculpting, painting, and potteryPeople enjoyed pictures, pottery and sculptures inancient Greece.The Greeks made pictures and sculptures out of clayand rock.Bright colored paint was used on pictures andpottery.
PoetryGreek legends and history were passed down usinglong poems.The stories and poems that the author Homer wrote,entertained Greek people.“The lliad” is a long poem which was written byHomer.
The Greeks developed pillars that are also calledcolumns and they made three types called Doric,Ionic, and Corinthian.Doric: a simple column with a strong base.Ionic: a column with swirls on both sides and otherpatterns.Corinthian: a column with beautiful patterns at thetop with flowers and leaves.Architecture in Ancient Greece
The Greeks invented pediments ( ped-i-ments) whichwere like triangles but 3-D. They would be under theroof and in the front and back of the buildings.One of the famous buildings has a pattern of a scarylady with snakes in her hair on the pediments.Medopes are spaces under the pediments.They were usually on temples which were buildingwhere they worshiped fake gods and goddesses.Architectural inventions
The Parthenon was built for the goddess of wisdom(Athena) in Greece.The Parthenon has carved metopes that representbattle, order, chaos (crazy), and life.In ancient Greece the poor people’s houses weresmall with only one room.What the Greeks Built
Children in Ancient Greece played with balls made ofrags, rattles, hoops, yo-yos, and stick horses.In Athens, the boys started school at age 7 and girlsstayed at home being taught by their moms!In school the boys were taught math, reading,writing, music, and poetry.The girls learned housework, cooking, and weavingfrom their moms!Children in Ancient Greece
Men in Ancient Greece really liked watching theOlympics, horseback riding, and wrestling!The Men who fought in the Greek military were gonemost of the time fighting battles in land and sea.Men wore tunics called chiton, sandals, andsometimes a cloak if it was cold.Men in Athens liked to take part in Government andhelp make decisions for their city!Men in Ancient Greece
Women in Ancient GreeceIn ancient Greece, women wore robes called a chiton,they also liked to braid their hair and wear prettyhead bands.Women in ancient Greece taught their daughters howto do household chores and cook.Rich women always went with a slave to visit friendsand family members.In their houses, the women spent much of their timeweaving and looking after their kids.
This presentation bought to you byMrs. Lee’s class
Sources UsedLife in Ancient Greece by LynnPeppasGreece: The Culture by BobbieKalmanAncient Greece and the Olympics byMary Pope Osbourne and NataliePope BoyceThe Greek News by Philip SteeleD’aulaires’ Book of Greek MythsGrolier International EncyclopediaArt and Religion in Ancient Greeceby Melanie Ann Apelwww.starfall.comhttp://thinkquest.orgwww.historyforkids.orgwww.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/ancient_greeks/