Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Patterson ch07

Patterson ch07

  • Login to see the comments

  • Be the first to like this

Patterson ch07

  1. 1. © 2015 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 7
  2. 2. © 2015 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 7-2 Voter Participation Expansion of the vote Initially only white property-owning men could vote By the 1840s most property restrictions were removed Fifteenth Amendment (1870) gave African Americans the right to vote  Suppressed by literacy laws and other methods  Voting rights not fully available until the 1960s Women received the vote in 1920 via the Twentieth Amendment Eighteen-year-olds received the vote in 1971 via the Twenty-Sixth Amendment
  3. 3. © 2015 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 7-3 Voter Participation Factors in voter turnout: the United States in comparative perspective Significantly lower turnout than in European democracies Registration requirements  Historically a means to limit suffrage  Determined by states  Motor voter law
  4. 4. © 2015 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 7-4
  5. 5. © 2015 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 7-5
  6. 6. © 2015 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 7-6 Voter Participation Factors in voter turnout: the United States in comparative perspective Registration requirements  Voter ID cards serve to depress voter turnout  Georgia photo ID/voter identification card law Federal judge struck down monetary requirement  Supreme Court upheld Indiana voter ID card requirement
  7. 7. © 2015 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 7-7 Voter Participation Factors in voter turnout: the United States in comparative perspective Frequency of elections  Elections at many levels of government, frequent and staggered  Primary elections  Americans asked to vote two or three times as often as Europeans
  8. 8. © 2015 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 7-8 Voter Participation Why some Americans vote and others do not Education and income Age Civic attitudes  Apathy  Alienation  Civic duty Political interest and party identification
  9. 9. © 2015 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 7-9
  10. 10. © 2015 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 7-10
  11. 11. © 2015 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 7-11 Conventional Forms of Participation Other Than Voting Campaign and lobbying activities Virtual participation Political campaigns and citizen mobilization Democratizing effects, but also lend themselves to political polarization Community activities Decline in social capital?
  12. 12. © 2015 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 7-12
  13. 13. © 2015 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 7-13
  14. 14. © 2015 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 7-14 Unconventional Activism: Social Movements and Protest Politics Protest more common in the predemocratic era Social and political movements use conventional forms of political participation: lobbying, voting, writing letters They also can use unconventional means: protests Civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s Vietnam War protests in the 1960s and 1970s
  15. 15. © 2015 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 7-15 Unconventional Activism: Social Movements and Protest Politics The Tea Party and Occupy Wall Street protest movements Each social (political) movement started with anger at established interests Tea Party:  Initial target: Republican lawmakers for the 2008 bank bailout  Played a key role in Republican takeover of House in 2010  Resulting House turmoil has weakened popular support
  16. 16. © 2015 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 7-16 Unconventional Activism: Social Movements and Protest Politics The Tea Party and Occupy Wall Street protest movements Occupy Wall Street:  Began as protest against bailout of the financial industry and government’s failure to hold bankers accountable  Has seen popular support decline because of public’s unease with protesters confronting police  OWS’s target was private wealth and it aimed to curb the political influence of large political donors
  17. 17. © 2015 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 7-17 Unconventional Activism: Social Movements and Protest Politics The public’s response to protest activity Political protests have a long history in America Americans less likely to protest than citizens in other democracies Public support for protest activity relatively low
  18. 18. © 2015 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 7-18 Participation and Potential for Influence Individualism diminishes political participation Lower-income Americans least likely to vote or participate politically; lack resources and education levels Participation reflects socioeconomic level

×