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Write it right


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Write it right

  1. 1. Write it Right Sandipan Dhar Former National Coordinator Of National Children’s Science Congress
  2. 2. National Children’s Science Congress Written ReportReport to be handwritten in any scheduled language on A-4 size (21 cm x 31 cm or 8.3” x 11.8”) plain paperWord limit is 2500 (lower group) and 3500 (upper group)
  3. 3. National Children’s Science Congress Elements of Written ReportCover page, Abstract, Form-A, Index, Introduction, Aims and Objectives, Hypothesis, Work plan, Methodology, Observations, Results, Data analysis, Conclusion, Inference, Solution, Future plan, Acknowledgements, References and AppendixLog book is a must, reflects team work, to be submitted along with report
  4. 4. COVER PAGE19th National Children’s Science CongressFocal Theme: Planet Earth Our Home: Explore, Care & Share Title of the Project (Should be informative, specific, concise and self-explanatory) Names and addresses of Team Leader Other Members Guide Teacher District State (To be written in English or Hindi ONLY)
  5. 5. ABSTRACTOne of the most important elements of a scientific reportWord limit is 250 words (one A-4 size page)Summary of the report / work done including – question investigated – the methods used – the principal results and – conclusionsWording should be clear and precise (Abstract in English is mandatory)
  6. 6. REGISTRATION FORM - ADistrict __________ State __________Particulars of the Team Leader: Name Date of Birth Std/Class Sex Rural/Urban Residential address School addressTitle of the project: Sub-theme: Language used:Particulars of other team members: Name Residential address Sex Std/Class Date of BirthName and address of the Guide: Name and signature of the Head of the Institution/ District Coordinator
  7. 7. INDEXContents page to have separate sections for• subject matter (all the components of the report)• figures (include titles given to chart (pie- chart), or graph, or photograph, or illustration or map) and• tables (include titles or headings of your observation, result or data analysis tables )
  8. 8. INDEXS. No. Topic Page No. 01 Introduction 01 02 Aims and objectives 02list of figures –S. No. Title Page No. 01 Graph showing variation in temperatures 09 02 Pie-chart showing distribution of land forms 11 03 Photograph showing collection of fossils 13list of tables –S. No. Title Page No. 01 Temperatures recorded during one month period 12 02 Varieties of butterfly species observed 14 03 Electric power consumption in homes 16
  9. 9. INTRODUCTIONAt the top Title of the Project should be mentioned Title should be informative, specific, concise, understandable and self-explanatoryThe introduction should have Relevant background information Need statement focusing on the overall issue, problem, or core / research question One or two but not more than three paragraphs
  10. 10. AIMS & OBJECTIVESShould define very specifically Why this project has been selected? How this problem / issue would be addressed?Keeping in mind that there is Limited time period and Limited localized geographical areaAvoid repeating introduction
  11. 11. HYPOTHESISIn one or two statements, hypothesis should give an idea, based on known facts that has not yet been proven, about the problem selected
  12. 12. WORK PLANDefine work plan, in schematic form or as a flow chart, preferably with time schedulesIt might get deviated from schedule due to unforeseen circumstances, but having such a guideline always help
  13. 13. METHODOLOGYAfter work plan, decide upon method of research in proposed work; survey, observation, and/or experimentationSurveyInvolves using questionnaire for data collectionQuestions should be specificOn an average 20 relevant questions should be askedSample size 50 – 100 people should be included in the studyInclude a copy of questionnaire
  14. 14. METHODOLOGYObservationsThough a part of survey work, may or may not have questionnaireRecording of observations during your field studies are included in this type of methodology
  15. 15. METHODOLOGYExperimentationDone with own hands, either in the laboratory or at home or in the fieldDesign of the experiment with proper controls, number of readings, set of conditions, parameters, mathematical formula to be includedDetail experimental procedure, analytical techniques also to be included
  16. 16. OBSERVATIONSThis part contains all the observations or data collected related to survey, observation, and / or experimentation, ONLY
  17. 17. RESULTSResults are the presentation of data collected during survey, observation and / or experimentationPresentation could either be in the form of charts, graphs, maps, figures or tables etcShould be simple to understandResults only describe and not interpret findings
  18. 18. DATA ANALYSISData presented under the results are analyzed, using principles of mathematicsHere only analysis part is shown
  19. 19. CONCLUSIONBased on the data analysis, final opinion derived, after completing the project, is what forms the conclusion
  20. 20. INFERENCEInference, in fact, is the truthfulness of the opinion formed based on the outcome of the projectCheck-point for hypothesis – accepted / rejected
  21. 21. SOLUTIONSince the problem selected is socially relevant, this part will highlight how the findings influence or have an impact on the society at large
  22. 22. FUTURE PLANSFor taking the work further, from where it has been concluded, future plans provide stepwise guidelinesIt shows that the problem undertaken is open-endedIt ascertains continuity of efforts, gives sense of commitment
  23. 23. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSAn expression of gratefulness or thankfulness for the help received from different quarters; family and friends, any motivator, elders / seniors / peers, experts or resource persons, even a librarian, farm workers, people interviewed, laboratory assistants, photographer, anyone for that matterA true reflection of team work
  24. 24. REFERENCESAll the resource material like books, newspaper articles / clippings, or internet, or even personal interview are to be mentionedReferences, under each section, are given in alphabetical order
  25. 25. REFERENCESFor books -Name of the author(s)/editor(s) starting with surnameTitle of the book (underlined)Edition (if available)Page numbers referredPublisherPlace andYear of publication
  26. 26. REFERENCESFor articles -Name of the author(s) starting with surnameYear of publication (within brackets)Title of the article (in italics)Title of the book / magazine / newspaper (underlined)Edition (for books, if available)Issue and volume numbers (for magazines)Page numbers referredPublisherPlace andYear of publicationOr internet source starting with referred
  27. 27. REFERENCESFor personal interviews -Name of the person(s) interviewedDate with month and year andPlace of the interview
  28. 28. APPENDIXAll the letters, certificates issued by the concerned authorities, and / or survey sheets (filled up questionnaire) are to be attached at the end of the reportEach such document should bear a number, viz., appendix 1, appendix 2, and so on
  29. 29. LOG BOOKThis is one of the most important but neglected written documentsIt is the mirror reflecting activityProvides all the answers related to the projectCovers minute to minute recordings, mentioned on daily basis, successes and failures, contacts and impressions
  30. 30. Than’QYou may Contact me at