Cartridge

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DESCRIPTION ABOUT :-

1.SHOTGUN CARTRIDGE

2.RIFLE CARTRIDGE

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Cartridge

  1. 1. CARTRIDGE<br />SANDIP KUMAR SINGH<br />ROLL - 124<br />
  2. 2. A cartridge packages the bullet, gunpowder and primer into a single metallic case precisely made to fit the firing chamber of a firearm .<br />
  3. 3. 1.SHOTGUN CARTRIDGE<br />2.RIFLE CARTRIDGE<br />
  4. 4. SHOTGUN CARTRIDGE<br />IT CONSISTS OF A METALCYLINDER WHICH IS CONTINUOUS WITH A CARDBOARD OR PLASTIC CYLINDER<br />THE CASE IS RIMMED WHICH KEEPS THE CARTRIGE CORRECTLY IN THE CHAMBER AND FACILITATES EXTRACTION.<br />
  5. 5. KEEPS THE VARIOUS COMPONENTS IN PLACE<br />PREVENTS THE BACKWARD ESCAPE OF GASES<br />PROVIDES WATERPROOF CONTAINER FOR GUN POWDER<br />CASE<br />
  6. 6. THE LENGTH OF CARTRIDGE VARIES FROM 5 TO 7 CMS<br />
  7. 7. FILLING OF CARTRIDGE FROM BASE ARE :-<br />PERCUSSION CAP<br />GUN POWDER<br />FELT WAD WITH CARDBOARD DISC<br />THE SHOT<br />RETAINING CARDBOARD DISC<br />
  8. 8. TYPES<br /><ul><li>GLAZED BOARD
  9. 9. STRAW BOARD
  10. 10. PLASTIC
  11. 11. CORK
  12. 12. FELT
  13. 13. ETC</li></ul>WADS<br />
  14. 14. SHAPE<br /><ul><li>DISC SHAPED
  15. 15. CUP SHAPED
  16. 16. BIZZARE SHAPED</li></ul>WADS<br />
  17. 17. WADS<br />THE DIAMETER OF WADDING USED IN THE CARTRIDGE IS GREATER THAN THAT OF THE BORE OF THE GUN.<br />WAD ACTS AS THE PISTON AND SEALS THE BORE COMPLETELY THUS PREVENTING THE EXPANDING GASES FROM ESCAPING AND DISTURBING THE SHOT CHARGE. <br />
  18. 18. WADS<br />THE WAD CONTAINS GREASE WHICH LUBRICATES THE BORE AFTER FIRING OF EACH ROUND<br />THE GUN POWDER IS PROTECTED FROM GREASE BY THIN GREASE PROOF CARD WAD<br />
  19. 19. SHOT<br />THE SHOT CONSISTS OF SEVERAL HUNDRED SMALL LEAD SHOTS .<br />NUMBER DEPENDS ON :-<br /><ul><li>THE SIZE OF THE LOAD
  20. 20. SIZE OF THE INDIVIDUAL PELLET</li></li></ul><li>RIFLE CARTRIDGE<br />
  21. 21. IT HAS A METAL CYLINDER WITH A FLAT BASE WHICH PROJECTS AS A RIM<br />
  22. 22. RIMLESS CARTRIDGE HAS AN EXTRACTOR GROOVE NEAR THE BASE.<br />
  23. 23. PRIMER CUP IS FITTED IN THE CENTER OF THE BASE <br />
  24. 24. THE CARTRIDGE CASE IS ELONGATED AND ITS DISTAL END TIGHTLY GRIPS THE BASE OF THE BULLET<br />
  25. 25. IN MANY BULLETS CIRCUMFERENTIAL GROOVE CALLED CANNELURE IS PRESENT.<br />
  26. 26. PRIMER<br />RIFLE AND PISTOL PRIMERS ARE SMALL METAL CUPS CONTAINING PRIMING MIXTURE AND AN ANVIL<br />
  27. 27. PRIMER<br />THE BLOW OF FIRING PIN ON THE PRIMER CUP CRUSHES THE PRIMINGMIXTURE AGAINST THE ANVIL CENTER AND BURNS IT ,WHICH THEN FLASHES THROUGHT THE FLASHHOLES AND BURNS THE POWDER<br />
  28. 28. PRIMER<br />IN RIFLE CARTRIDGE PRIMERCUP IS FITTED IN BATTERY CUP.<br />THE BATTERY CUP SUPPORTS THE ANVIL AND PROVIDES FLASH HOLES<br />
  29. 29. GUN POWDER<br /><ul><li>BLACK POWDER
  30. 30. SMOKELESS POWDER</li></li></ul><li> BLACK POWDER <br /><ul><li>POTASSIUM NITRATE 75%
  31. 31. SULPHUR 10%
  32. 32. CHARCOAL 15%</li></li></ul><li> BLACK POWDER <br /><ul><li>IT IS DESIGNATED AS FG,FFG,FFFG
  33. 33. THE MORE NUMBER OF F’s , THE FINER ARE THE GRAINS AND THE FASTER THEY BURN
  34. 34. IT BURNS WITH PRODUCTION OF HEAT ,FLAME AND SMOKE
  35. 35. 1 GRAM OF POWDER PRODUCES 3000 TO 4500 CC OF GAS </li></li></ul><li> SMOKELESS POWDER<br /><ul><li>THEY PRODUCE MUCH LESS SMOKE AND FLAME AND ARE MORE COMPLETELY BURNT THAN BLACK POWDER
  36. 36. 1 GRAM PRODUCES 12000 TO 13000 CC OF GASES
  37. 37. THE COLOUR VARIES FROM BRIGHT ORANGE TO BLUISH BLACK</li></li></ul><li>BULLETS<br />THE TRADITIONAL BULLET IS MADE OF SOFT METAL AND HAS A ROUNDED NOSE .<br />THE METAL USED IS LEAD<br />THE MISSILE IS THE COMMON BULLET USED IN PISTOLS AND RIFLES.<br />IN PISTOL THE BULLET IS SHORT AND THE POINT IS ROUNDED<br />IN RIFLES THE BULLET IS ELONGATED AND POINTED <br />
  38. 38. BULLETS<br />JACKETED BULLETS ARE OF TWO TYPES :<br />FULL METAL JACKET BULLET<br />THE SEMI-JACKETED BULLET<br />
  39. 39. FULL METAL JACKET BULLET<br /><ul><li>COVERING IS MADE WITH TOUGH AND HEAVY JACKET COVERS
  40. 40. BASE HAS SOFT METAL INTERIOR
  41. 41. THE TOUGH METAL MAY BE MADE OF </li></ul>STEEL,ZINC,COPPER,NICKEL<br />
  42. 42. SEMI-JACKETED BULLET<br /><ul><li>IT HAS A TOUGH JACKET BUT THINNER COMPARED TO FULL METAL JACKET BULLET
  43. 43. THE NOSE IS FULLY OR PARTLY EXPOSED</li></li></ul><li>A DUMDUM BULLET IS ONE WHICH FRAGMENTS EXTENSIVELY UPON STRIKING<br />INCENDIARY BULLETS CONTAIN PHOSPHORUS SO IT CATCHES FIRE ON HITTING THE TARGET<br />FRANGIBLE BULLET IS MADE OF METAL WHICH FRAGMENTS ON STRIKING<br />
  44. 44. MECHANISM OF DISCHARGE OF PROJECTILE <br />TRIGGER IS PULLED<br />FIRING PIN STRIKES THE PRIMER CAP<br />THE PRIMING EXPLODES<br />SENDS FLASH TO THE POWDER FILLED CASE<br />POWDER CHARGE BURNS<br />LARGE AMT OF GAS PRODUCED INCREASES PRESSURE<br />
  45. 45. MECHANISM OF DISCHARGE OF PROJECTILE <br />THE CARTRIDGE CASE SWELL OUTWARDS<br />HOLD ON THE BULLET IS RELEASED<br />BULLET IS FORCED INTO THE BARREL<br />THE BULLET IS FOLLOWED BY <br /><ul><li>THE BLAST OF HIGLY COMPRESSED HOT GAS
  46. 46. THE PARTICALS OF POWDER
  47. 47. SMOKE,FLAME AND FRAGMENTS OF METAL AND GREASE</li></li></ul><li>I KEEEL YOU !!!<br />
  48. 48. THANK YOU!!! <br />

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