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2.3_SPIDERS Lessons and Observations_Sanborn_EPRI/SNL Microgrid

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Presentation from the EPRI-Sandia Symposium on Secure and Resilient Microgrids: Smart Power Infrastructure Demonstration for Energy Reliability and Security (SPIDERS) Lessons and Observations, presented by Harold Sanborn, ERDC-CERL, Baltimore, MD, August 29-31, 2016.

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2.3_SPIDERS Lessons and Observations_Sanborn_EPRI/SNL Microgrid

  1. 1. Distribution A: Approved for Public Release Distribution A: Approved for Public Release Smart Power Infrastructure Demonstration for Energy Reliability and Security (SPIDERS) Lessons and Observations EPRI-Sandia Symposium on Secure and Resilient Microgrids 29 AUG 16 Harold R Sanborn, ERDC-CERL
  2. 2. Distribution A: Approved for Public Release Distribution A: Approved for Public Release SPIDERS Overview and Objectives Program Objectives: - Energy Security (measured by off-grid mission endurance)* - Increase Renewable Energy Contribution during contingency - Reduce Environmental Impact of Facility Operations - Increase Cyber Security of Facility Operations Remember, in DoD its “Mission Assurance”
  3. 3. Distribution A: Approved for Public Release Distribution A: Approved for Public Release Operational Benefits of SPIDERS? • Operational Visibility - Significant Energy System Visibility and Control via secure, real-time HMI/GUI • Operational Flexibility - Isolation of critical operations and optimization to maximize off-grid mission endurance for contingencies. Economic opportunities: demand response, V2G, storage, & power factor correction • Operational Redundancy - Critical energy stakeholders/ tenants supported with redundant generation assets • Operational Sustainability - Cleaner, EPA Certified generation is controlled using state-of-the art distributed controls and energy storage to improve system efficiency
  4. 4. Distribution A: Approved for Public Release Distribution A: Approved for Public Release SPIDERS Good Design Protocols • Minimize/improve existing infrastructure and maximize use of functional assets, upgrade where necessary • Avoid complexity where possible, reduce failure points • Minimize disruptions for installation operations during construction and testing (tough to do and coordinate) • “N+1” generation redundancy for critical operations • Do No Harm: Built in fail safe modes revert to traditional (facility-dedicated) back up power operations • Built for future expansion
  5. 5. Distribution A: Approved for Public Release Distribution A: Approved for Public Release SPIDERS Phase 1 “Key Results” – Nearly 30% fuel savings: Seamless design parallels to commercial grid when the micro-grid reconnects to utility power (no interruption to the critical load during testing, reduced O&M impact to mission) – Power export during loaded generator testing: over 1MW net export - effectively “slowing the meter” during monthly generator testing (could be applied in future to support utility demand response). – Successful fully loaded black start operation with out use of energy storage flow battery – Paralleling and synchronization of diesel generators over fiber over multiple distribution busses
  6. 6. Distribution A: Approved for Public Release Distribution A: Approved for Public Release SPIDERS Phase 2 “Key Results” – Serves multiple critical mission buildings with distributed generation – Developed bi-directional PEV charging and integration to provide energy storage and VARS support, grid services, PF Correction and ancillary services for economic benefit – Sustained large contributions of renewable energy integration – Improved cyber security architecture with enclave based protection scheme busses
  7. 7. Distribution A: Approved for Public Release Distribution A: Approved for Public Release SPIDERS Camp Smith • SPIDERS Camp Smith – the BETA Template for Emergency Generation Synchronization/Optimization • NAVY CYBER – First of class • NAVFAC owns and will operate – policy adapts to reality • SPIDERS Camp Smith represents many “firsts” – First DoD Installation Scale Microgrid – “ “ OSD/COCOM sponsored Microgrid – “ “ DoD Microgrid with EPA Tier 4I Generation (going beyond emergencies) – “ “ Microgrid with Blinkless Energy Storage – “ “ fully DoD IA accredited Microgrid with rigorous cyber experimentation – “ ” first installation JCTD to combine R&D and MILCON Investments •Camp Smith DEMO
  8. 8. Distribution A: Approved for Public Release Distribution A: Approved for Public Release Good News (listen carefully) • Acquisition Excellence – combining MILCON and RDTE – Having KO’s and Lawyers on board early • Trust me, this was lucky and smart • Floods, Fires, Furloughs/Sequestration, Joint Service Equities • Real Property vs Demonstration (Carson/Camp Smith) • Believe what you see – if it was perfect…it wasn’t that good • Commissioning – infrastructure whack a mole! • Understand complex electricity wants to ruin your day
  9. 9. Distribution A: Approved for Public Release Distribution A: Approved for Public Release Questions?
  10. 10. Distribution A: Approved for Public Release Distribution A: Approved for Public Release Smart Power Infrastructure for Energy Reliability and Security (SPIDERS) Operational Problem: • The ability of today’s warfighter to command, control, deploy, and sustain forces is adversely impacted by a fragile, aging, and fossil fuel dependent electricity grid, posing a significant threat to national security. Transition: • CONOPS, microgrid design, technology assessment data, training plans, lessons learned, guidance on system interfaces, unified facilities criteria, energy mgmt control system, ICS cyber security, residual equipment will transition to each military facility and will be shared with DHS, DOE, Industry Specifics: • Phase 1 (Jul 2011-Jan 2013): Circuit Level Micro-Grid Demo - Hickam AFB, HI. Incorporate existing renewables, diesel generators and energy storage. Validate cyber security strategy on SCADA . • Phase 2 (June 2012-Oct 2013): Larger smart micro-grid with cyber defense and vehicle-to-grid storage leverage - Ft Carson, CO. • Phase 3 (MAY 2014-Sept 2015): Entire installation cyber secure smart micro-grid with battery storage & islanding capability - Camp Smith, HI. Technologies: • Industrial Control System (ICS) Cyber Security Enclave • Smart Grid technologies & blinkless generation • Secure microgrid generation & distribution (i.e. generators, switches) • Integrating distributed & intermittent renewables (photovoltaic, wind) • Demand-side management (i.e. energy management control system) • Redundant back-up power and storage systems (i.e. battery) Requirement: • Protect task critical assets (TCAs) from loss of power due to cyber attack or utility interruption • Integrate renewable and other distributed generation electricity to power TCAs in times of emergency • Sustain operations during prolonged power outages - extend endurance • Manage installation power/consumption – Optimize for conditions • Develop business case metrics, lessons learned, acquisition insights and provide platform for evaluating smart grid systems on military installations Competing Technology: • Renewables disabled/useless when grid goes down – common problem • Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) industrial control systems, expanding network engagement w/o C2 network COCOM Sponsor: PACOM and NORTHCOM; OE: Ms. Lenny Lopez XM: NAVFAC EXWC TM: ERDC-CERL, Tarek Abdallah 1 Energy Conservation Investment Program (ECIP) Military Construction 2 Rapid Innovation Funds for Government Furnished Equipment (Generation/Storage, Controllers) Funding ($K) FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 TOTAL Army 1,500 1,120 0 330 0 2,950 Navy 1,000 796 204 0 0 2,000 OSD (I&E)1 8,090 3,100 0 7,960 0 19,150 PACOM 0 0 380 0 0 380 NORTHCOM 0 0 0 150 0 150 DOE 4,500 2,500 1,500 500 0 9,000 DHS (S&T) 0 0 0 100 0 100 RIF2 0 0 6,678 0 0 6,678 OSD/JCTD 4,421 1,584 600 1,175 300 8,080 TOTAL 19,511 9,100 9,362 9,735 300 48,448
  11. 11. Distribution A: Approved for Public Release Distribution A: Approved for Public Release The SPIDERS Notional Concept The SPIDERS Notional Design Concept is a representative model of the SPIDERS system to used to help conceptualize design principles and system operations A notional microgrid model incorporates features similar to the fielded SPIDERS microgrid. This diagram depicts the buildings acting as (consumers) loads on the system, a loss of primary utility power, diesel generators supplying power to the microgrid, as well as renewable energy from PV and stored energy

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