Cultural differences speech


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Cultural differences speech

  1. 1. Identity, behaviors, traditions, emotions, customs, social norms, and perspectives EAST meets WEST CULTURAL DIFFERENCES
  2. 2. Who am I? <ul><li>My name is Sarah Elizabeth Sanderson </li></ul><ul><li>I am from Holland, Michigan in the U.S.A. </li></ul><ul><li>I am 29 years old </li></ul><ul><li>I am engaged to Sean Doyle (another foreign teacher here) </li></ul><ul><li>I got my B.A. in Spanish and my B.S. in biology at Hope College and my M.A. in Spanish linguistics at Ohio State University </li></ul><ul><li>This is my second year teaching English in Changzhou </li></ul><ul><li>In my free time I like traveling, reading, writing, watching movies, baking desserts, studying Chinese, chatting with friends and family from back home and playing sports </li></ul>
  3. 3. I am from the state of Michigan
  4. 4. I am from the city of Holland
  5. 5. A little bit about where I am from: <ul><li>State: Michigan </li></ul><ul><li>City: Holland </li></ul><ul><li>Has the longest freshwater coastline of any state or province in the world </li></ul><ul><li>There are 64,980 inland lakes and ponds </li></ul><ul><li>A person is never more than 10 km from a natural water source or 137 km from the shore of one of the Great Lakes </li></ul><ul><li>( Source : Wikipedia ) </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 33,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Home to Hope College, Western Theological Seminary and many churches </li></ul><ul><li>Many tourists visit for the beaches and the Tulip Time Festival (Dutch celebration) in May </li></ul><ul><li>The downtown is listed in the nation’s registry of historic places </li></ul>
  6. 6. Who lives in Michigan? <ul><li>Population Density </li></ul><ul><li>Ancestry of Population </li></ul>
  7. 7. Views of Holland
  8. 8. The seasons in Michigan
  9. 9. This is my family
  10. 10. This is my fiancé, Sean Doyle – I like him because he is very responsible
  11. 11. We are getting married this summer on August 11, in Holland, Michigan
  12. 12. What is culture? <ul><li>There are a few different meanings of the word culture </li></ul><ul><li>The definition we will use today is the following: </li></ul><ul><li>culture |ˈkəl ch ər| - the customs, arts, social institutions, attitudes and behavior characteristic of a particular social group ( Webster's Dictionary ) </li></ul><ul><li>C ulture is the way we learn to look at the world and how we function in it.  Our culture is taught to us by our families, friends and communities.  From these people, we learn what foods to eat, what kinds of houses to build, how to communicate, and how to behave.  Cultures can be defined in many different ways:  by region, nationality, religion, and race, to name just a few. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Why should we study other cultures? <ul><li>Most teachers and students of English agree that knowing about Western cultures makes it easier for students to communicate effectively with Westerners . Some reasons for this are quite obvious. For one thing, knowing about Western culture helps students better understand English. For example, it can be hard to understand Americans if you don't know anything about baseball because you may not understand what expressions like &quot;strike out&quot; and &quot;throw a curve ball&quot; mean. </li></ul><ul><li>For another, understanding Western culture helps students avoid doing or saying things that would be offensive to a Westerner . For example, students are less likely to offend Westerners if they know that Westerners don't consider it polite to ask a woman's age or to ask people how much money they make. ( The Amity Foundation ) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Words of caution before we start: <ul><li>Talking about culture can be difficult as it is a very large and complex idea that can be hard to explain and define </li></ul><ul><li>When comparing cultures, it is important to maintain an attitude of openness, curiosity, appreciation and respect </li></ul><ul><li>I can only share with you what I know about a small part of American culture, which is different from other Western cultures </li></ul><ul><li>No culture is better or worse than another – just different </li></ul><ul><li>When we talk about culture, it is common to make generalizations. It is important to remember that not everyone follows cultural patterns or norms; there are many exceptions </li></ul><ul><li>When I attempt to explain Chinese culture, please forgive me if I accidentally offend you or make a mistake – correct me! </li></ul>
  15. 15. Warm-up – What do you think? <ul><li>Last semester I taught “Western Culture” classes to many students of this university </li></ul><ul><li>On the first day, I asked them these questions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In your opinion, what are the top three values in society for the United States and China? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>*A value is an idea, principle, judgment or moral standard that is important </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is something you like about American culture? What is something you don’t like? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is something you like about your own culture? What is something you don’t like? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you think their answers were? </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Top values in society (according to my students) <ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>The United States </li></ul><ul><li>Family/Relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation/Harmony </li></ul><ul><li>Love for country </li></ul><ul><li>Success and wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Maintaining ‘Face’ </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Traditions/Festivals </li></ul><ul><li>Individual rights </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Adventure </li></ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul><ul><li>Openness </li></ul>
  17. 17. Likes and Dislikes (according to my students) <ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>The United States </li></ul><ul><li>Like : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditions/customs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dislike : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Education system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amount of people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competition </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Like : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entertainment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dislike : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guns and violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrogance </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Cultural Differences <ul><li>Perhaps it’s too simple to make broad generalizations about what’s most important to a country or culture </li></ul><ul><li>Let’s pretend you decided to study abroad in the United States and once you arrived, your new friends ask you to explain the differences between living in China and living in America. Could you do it? It might be harder than you think. . . </li></ul><ul><li>What would you say? Can you think of some particular ways in which our lifestyles differ? </li></ul><ul><li>Let’s look at some specific examples . . . </li></ul>
  19. 19. An artist portrays identity <ul><li>The following graphics are done by the Chinese artist Yang Liu who grew up in Beijing and then moved to Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Much of her work focuses on social identity and cultural differences </li></ul>
  20. 20. Cultural Differences: East - West <ul><li>The following pictures by Yang Liu show some major cultural and lifestyle differences between China and the “West” (Germany in particular) ( ) </li></ul><ul><li>In the pictures, one side represents China (red) and the other side represents Western Countries (blue) </li></ul><ul><li>When you look at each picture, try to interpret the meaning. What difference(s) is Yang Liu trying to suggest or portray? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you agree or disagree? </li></ul><ul><li>Are some of these differences changing? </li></ul>
  21. 21. OPINION
  22. 22. WAY OF LIFE
  23. 23. CONTACTS
  24. 24. ANGER
  26. 26. Getting on the bus – personal space
  27. 27. ME
  30. 30. THE BOSS
  31. 31. Sundays on the Street
  32. 32. Weekends out and about <ul><li>Rotenberg, Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Shanghai, China </li></ul>
  33. 33. Shower Time
  34. 34. Our views of each other
  35. 35. Elderly in day-to-day life
  36. 36. The child
  37. 37. Punctuality
  38. 38. At a party
  39. 39. Having a party <ul><li>Common work party in USA </li></ul><ul><li>Party in Changzhou, China </li></ul>
  40. 40. In the event of a stomach ache
  41. 41. What my mom gave me for a stomach ache
  42. 42. On our travels
  43. 43. The ideal of beauty
  44. 44. Tanning lotions and bronzer
  45. 45. Tanning in salons and on the beach
  46. 46. Three meals a day
  47. 47. Example cold breakfasts
  48. 48. Example cold lunches
  49. 49. Example hot dinners
  50. 50. Evolution of transportation
  51. 51. Commuting by bike
  52. 52. Commuting by bike and public transportation
  53. 53. Moods and the weather
  54. 54. New trends
  55. 55. Gourmet Baozi restaurant
  56. 56. Gourmet Chinese restaurants
  57. 57. Oh yeah . . . Why else do we study cultural differences? <ul><li>It’s fun! </li></ul><ul><li>Thanks for listening </li></ul><ul><li>Any questions? </li></ul>