Chapter 2
Special Education Today:
An Unfinished History
Based on: Special Education for Today’s Teachers: An Introduction...
Chapter 2 Questions
• What is the social history of special education?
• What are the major components of IDEA?
• How do S...
History of Special Education
Before 1950
• Teachers / Schools / Organizations
• Eugenics / Institutionalization
1950 – 197...
Then and Now
Now
• Most children with
disabilities are educated in
their neighborhood school in
general education classroo...
• Free Appropriate Public Education
• Least Restrictive Environment
• Individualized Education Plan
• Nondiscriminatory As...
Special Education Related Legislation
• Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act - Protects
individuals with disabilities fro...
No Child Left Behind (NCLB)*
• Accountability for Results
• Evidence-Based Teaching
• Highly Qualified Teachers
*Every Stu...
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Chapter 2: Special Education History and Laws

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Chapter 2: Special Education History and Laws

  1. 1. Chapter 2 Special Education Today: An Unfinished History Based on: Special Education for Today’s Teachers: An Introduction, by Rosenberg, Westling, and McLeskey (second edition)
  2. 2. Chapter 2 Questions • What is the social history of special education? • What are the major components of IDEA? • How do Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) assist students with special needs? • What are relevant characteristics of NCLB?
  3. 3. History of Special Education Before 1950 • Teachers / Schools / Organizations • Eugenics / Institutionalization 1950 – 1972 • Civil Rights Movement • Litigation 1972 – Present • Legislation • Access to Education
  4. 4. Then and Now Now • Most children with disabilities are educated in their neighborhood school in general education classrooms. • Employment rates of individuals with disabilities have doubled. • The number of first-year college students with disabilities has more than tripled. 1970 • No guarantee of free appropriate public education. • Approximately 1 million children between 7-17 were not enrolled in school. • Schools educated only 1 in 5 children with disabilities • Many states excluded students with certain disabilities. • Institutions “housed” approximately 200,000 individuals with disabilities.
  5. 5. • Free Appropriate Public Education • Least Restrictive Environment • Individualized Education Plan • Nondiscriminatory Assessment • Parent Participation • Procedural Safeguards Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
  6. 6. Special Education Related Legislation • Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act - Protects individuals with disabilities from discrimination. • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) - Broadens the agencies and businesses that must comply. • Neither law provides for an individualized educational program that meets child's unique needs and provides educational benefit.
  7. 7. No Child Left Behind (NCLB)* • Accountability for Results • Evidence-Based Teaching • Highly Qualified Teachers *Every Student Succeeds Act Starting 2017-18

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