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Presented by-
G.SWETHA
Robotics
Robotic
History
Robotic
Technology
Types of
Robots
What is a Robot…?
A re-programmable, multifunctional,
automatic industrial machine designed to
replace human in hazardous work. It can
be used as :-
•An automatic machine sweeper
•An automatic car for a child to play with
•A machine removing mines in a war field
•In space
•In military , and many more..
WHAT IS ROBOTICS...?
Robotics is science of designing or building an application
of robots. Simply ,Robotics may be defines as “The Study
of Robots”. The aim of robotics is to design an efficient
robot.
WHY IS ROBOTICS NEEDED...?
Robotics is needed because:-
•Speed
• Can work in hazardous/dangerous temperature
• Can do repetitive tasks
• Can do work with accuracy
ROBOTIC HISTORY
The word robot was introduced to the public by Czech writer Karel
Capek(1890-1938) in his play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots),
published in 1920. The play begins in a factory that makes artificial
people called robots . Capek was reportedly several times a
candidate for the Nobel prize for his works .
The word "robotics", used to describe this field of study, was
coined accidentally by the Russian –born , American
scientist and science fiction writer, Isaac Asimov(1920-1992)
in 1940s.
Asimov also proposed his three "Laws of Robotics", and he later
added a “zeroth law”.
Zeroth Law : A robot may not injure humanity, or,
through inaction, allow humanity to come to harm
First Law : A robot may not injure a human being, or, through
inaction, allow a human being to come to harm, unless this would
violate a higher order law
Second Law: A robot must obey orders given it by human beings,
except where such orders would conflict with a higher order law
Third Law : A robot must protect its own existence as long as
such protection does not conflict with a higher order law.
Sensors
Effectors
Actuators
Controllers
Arms
Most industrial robots have at least the following five parts:
Sensor
 Sensor is the system
that alerts the robots.
Effector
It is the device at the end of a
robotic arm,
Designed to interact with
environment.
Controller
It is used to control
the movement or
directions of the robot.
Arm
It is used to perform
desired task such as
gripping, welding etc.
 Actuators are used in order to produce
mechanical movement in robotics.
Types of Robots
Mobile Robots
The most common types of Robots are..
Autonomous Robots
Virtual Robots
Remote-Controlled Robots
Stationary Robots
Mobile robots are of two types….
Rolling robots have wheels to move around.
They can quickly and easily search.
However they are only useful in flat areas.
Robots on legs are usually brought in when
the terrain is rocky. Most robots have at
least 4 legs; usually they have 6 or more.
Stationary Robots
Robots are not only used to explore areas or
imitate a human being. Most robots perform
repeating tasks without ever moving an inch.
Most robots are ‘working’ in industry settings
and are stationary .
Autonomous Robots
Autonomous robots are self supporting or
in other words self contained. In a way
they rely on their own ‘brains’.
Remote-Control Robots
A person can guide a robot by remote control. A
person can perform difficult and usually dangerous
tasks without being at the spot where the tasks are
performed.
Virtual Robots
Virtual robots don’t exits In real life. Virtual robots
are just programs, building blocks of software
inside a computer.
Advantages..
Going to far away planets.
Going far down into the unknown waters and mines where humans would be
crushed
Giving us information that humans can't get
Working at places 24/7 without any salary and food. Plus they don't get bored
They can perform tasks faster than humans and much more consistently and
accurately
Most of them are automatic so they can go around by themselves without any
human interference.
Disadvantages..
 People can lose jobs in factories
 It needs a supply of power
It needs maintenance to keep it running .
It costs money to make or buy a robot
robotics.

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robotics.

  • 3. What is a Robot…? A re-programmable, multifunctional, automatic industrial machine designed to replace human in hazardous work. It can be used as :- •An automatic machine sweeper •An automatic car for a child to play with •A machine removing mines in a war field •In space •In military , and many more..
  • 4. WHAT IS ROBOTICS...? Robotics is science of designing or building an application of robots. Simply ,Robotics may be defines as “The Study of Robots”. The aim of robotics is to design an efficient robot. WHY IS ROBOTICS NEEDED...? Robotics is needed because:- •Speed • Can work in hazardous/dangerous temperature • Can do repetitive tasks • Can do work with accuracy
  • 6. The word robot was introduced to the public by Czech writer Karel Capek(1890-1938) in his play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots), published in 1920. The play begins in a factory that makes artificial people called robots . Capek was reportedly several times a candidate for the Nobel prize for his works . The word "robotics", used to describe this field of study, was coined accidentally by the Russian –born , American scientist and science fiction writer, Isaac Asimov(1920-1992) in 1940s.
  • 7. Asimov also proposed his three "Laws of Robotics", and he later added a “zeroth law”. Zeroth Law : A robot may not injure humanity, or, through inaction, allow humanity to come to harm First Law : A robot may not injure a human being, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm, unless this would violate a higher order law Second Law: A robot must obey orders given it by human beings, except where such orders would conflict with a higher order law Third Law : A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with a higher order law.
  • 8.
  • 10. Sensor  Sensor is the system that alerts the robots. Effector It is the device at the end of a robotic arm, Designed to interact with environment.
  • 11. Controller It is used to control the movement or directions of the robot. Arm It is used to perform desired task such as gripping, welding etc.
  • 12.  Actuators are used in order to produce mechanical movement in robotics.
  • 13. Types of Robots Mobile Robots The most common types of Robots are.. Autonomous Robots Virtual Robots Remote-Controlled Robots Stationary Robots
  • 14. Mobile robots are of two types…. Rolling robots have wheels to move around. They can quickly and easily search. However they are only useful in flat areas. Robots on legs are usually brought in when the terrain is rocky. Most robots have at least 4 legs; usually they have 6 or more.
  • 15. Stationary Robots Robots are not only used to explore areas or imitate a human being. Most robots perform repeating tasks without ever moving an inch. Most robots are ‘working’ in industry settings and are stationary . Autonomous Robots Autonomous robots are self supporting or in other words self contained. In a way they rely on their own ‘brains’.
  • 16. Remote-Control Robots A person can guide a robot by remote control. A person can perform difficult and usually dangerous tasks without being at the spot where the tasks are performed. Virtual Robots Virtual robots don’t exits In real life. Virtual robots are just programs, building blocks of software inside a computer.
  • 17. Advantages.. Going to far away planets. Going far down into the unknown waters and mines where humans would be crushed Giving us information that humans can't get Working at places 24/7 without any salary and food. Plus they don't get bored They can perform tasks faster than humans and much more consistently and accurately Most of them are automatic so they can go around by themselves without any human interference. Disadvantages..  People can lose jobs in factories  It needs a supply of power It needs maintenance to keep it running . It costs money to make or buy a robot