Authority of India(UIDAI)
The Unique Identification Authority of
India (UIDAI), is an agency of the Government of
India responsible for implementing the AADHAAR
scheme, a unique identification project. It was
established in February 2009, and will own and
operate the Unique Identification Number database.
The authority aims to provide a unique id number to
all Indians.The authority will maintain a database of
residents containing biometric and other data.
The agency is headed by a chairman, who holds
a cabinet rank. The UIDAI is part of the Planning
Commission of India.
Nandan Nilekani, former co-chairman of Infosys
Technologies, was appointed as the first Chairman of
the authority in June 2009. Vijay S Madan, belongs to
the IAS Officer, joined as the Director General and
Mission Director of the Unique Identification Authority
of India on 1 April 2013 .
He replaced Ram Sewak Sharma, who has moved to
Jharkhand as the chief secretary of the state.
Salient features of
Aadhaar is a 12-digit unique number which the
Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) will
issue for all residents in India (on a voluntary
The number will be stored in a centralized
database and linked to the basic demographics
and biometric information – photograph, ten
fingerprints and iris – of each individual. It is easily
verifiable in an online, cost-effective way.
It is unique and robust enough to eliminate the
large number of duplicate and fake identities in
government and private databases.
Launch of Scheme
UIDAI launched AADHAAR program in the tribal
village, Tembhli, in Shahada,Nandurbar,
Maharashtra on 29 September 2010.
The program was inaugurated by Prime Minister,
Manmohan Singh along with UPA chairperson
The first resident to receive an AADHAAR was
Ranjana Sonawane of Tembhli village.
Name and logo
UID project is also know
as AADHAAR meaning support or foundation, and
its logo is a yellow sun with a fingerprint embedded
in its centre. The logo was designed by Atul
Projected costs & business
The official estimates for the project is INR18,000
crore (US$3.0 billion).
A sum of INR100 crore (US$17 million) was
approved in the 2009-2010 union budget to fund
the agency for its first year of existence.
UID has received a huge boost with Pranab
Mukherjee, Minister of Finance, allocating
INR1,900 crore (US$320 million) to (UIDAI) for
Pranab Mukherjee former Finance minister has
allocated INR1,758 crore (US$300 million) for
budget year 2012-13.Amount approved for
Phase I, II and III is INR8,962 crore (US$1.5
billion) for the period up to March, 2017.
Projected costs &
A different estimate puts it at US$ 6 billion.
Initial estimates project that the initiative will create
100,000 new jobs in the country, and business
opportunities worth INR6,500 crore (US$1.1 billion)
in the first phase of implementation, over three
Aadhaar will become the single source of identity
verification. Resident supporting identity
documents each time they wish to access services
such as obtaining a bank account, passport, driving
license and so on.
By providing a clear proof of identity, UID will also
facilitate entry for poor and underprivileged
residents into the formal banking system and the
opportunity to avail services provided by the
Giving migrants mobility of identity.
Financial inclusion with deeper penetration of
banks, insurance and easy distribution of benefits
of government schemes.
Direct Benefit Transfer
Direct Benefit Transfer or DBT is an anti-poverty
program launched by the Government of India on 1
This program aims to transfer subsidies directly to
the people living below the poverty line through the
Unique Identification Authority of India.