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Development of hypothetical eco industrial park at bellary, karnataka (india)

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In this report an attempt is made to develop a hypothetical Eco-Industrial Park in the Bellary district of Karnataka state of India. Efforts are made to demonstrate possible interactions between current local businesses and other virtual industries in order to increase profitability and reduce environmental pollution. The scope of this report is limited to identify the material and energy exchanges between the existing industries along with some proposed industries at Bellary district in order to further closing the loop.

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Development of hypothetical eco industrial park at bellary, karnataka (india)

  1. 1. CEL 898 SEMESTER I (2015-2016) LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS & DESIGN FOR ENVIRONMENT “DEVELOPMENT OF HYPOTHETICAL ECO-INDUSTRIAL PARK AT BELLARY DISTRICT, KARNATAKA (INDIA)” Presented by Submitted to Prof. Arvind K. Nema Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi New Delhi-110 016, India “Development of Hypothetical Eco-Industrial Park at Bellary District, Karnataka (India)” [1/18] Sandeep Jain (2014CET2226) Shantanu Parashar (2014CEV2093) Monica Shrivastava (2014CEC2736) Annamalai M. (2014CEC2733)
  2. 2. PRESENTATION OUTLINE [2/18] The Need! Industrial Ecology: Definition & Principle Eco-Industrial Park (EIP) About Bellary Industries at Bellary (Existing & Proposed) Proposed EIP Model at Bellary District Conclusion & Future Scope “Development of Hypothetical Eco-Industrial Park at Bellary District, Karnataka (India)”
  3. 3. THE NEED! [3/18] Resource (Material) Flow in Today’s Society Ideal Resource (Material) Flow “Development of Hypothetical Eco-Industrial Park at Bellary District, Karnataka (India)” Image Courtesy: http://www.zerowaste.org/
  4. 4. INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY [4/18] EnergyMaterial Engineering ToxicologySociology Economics Definition Biosphere Technological System Society Principle “Development of Hypothetical Eco-Industrial Park at Bellary District, Karnataka (India)”
  5. 5. ECO-INDUSTRIAL PARK (EIP) [5/18] “Development of Hypothetical Eco-Industrial Park at Bellary District, Karnataka (India)” Information Material Water Energy Natural Habitat Infrastructure Economic Benefits Environmental Benefits Community Benefits Image Courtesy: Google Images
  6. 6. ECO-INDUSTRIAL PARK (EIP) [6/18] “Development of Hypothetical Eco-Industrial Park at Bellary District, Karnataka (India)” Aim: Enhance Economic Performance Minimizing Environmental Impacts Components of EIP:  Sustainable green design  Cleaner production techniques and methods  Pollution prevention  Energy efficiency  Inter-company partnerships  Benefits for neighbouring communities Image Courtesy: Google Images
  7. 7. ABOUT BELLARY [7/18] “Development of Hypothetical Eco-Industrial Park at Bellary District, Karnataka (India)” MSL = 1512 ft. Area = 8420 km2 Bangalore = 304 Km Sr. No. Name of Mineral Production In Tons Major Minerals 1. Iron Ore 410591 MT 2. Iron Ore Fines 202812 MT 3. Red Oxide 8398 MT 4. White Quartz 17522 MT Minor Minerals 1. Building Stone 106944 MT 2. Ordinary Sand 150 MT 3. Pink Granite 3462.242 m³ 4. Grey Granite 4711.298 m³ (Source: Department of Mines and Geology) Mineral Resources: 25 % of India's Iron ore reserve Mineral Resources Agriculture:  Major Occupation  75% of Labour force livelihood  Paddy, Jawar, Bajra, Ground Nut, Sugarcane, Sunflower Animal Husbandry:  Next to Agriculture  141 Daily Cooperative Society  137 Boilers units, Bird Population of 13 lakh Forest Reserve:  97,017 hectares  12% of the total geographical area of the district Image Courtesy: Google Images
  8. 8. 1. Steel Industry: Production Capacity = 1 Million tonnes (Plan to increase to 1.6 million tonnes) INDUSTRIES AT BELLARY (EXISTING & PROPOSED) [8/18] “Development of Hypothetical Eco-Industrial Park at Bellary District, Karnataka (India)” Raw material/tonnes 1. Iron Ore = 1400 Kg 2. Coal = 800 Kg 3. Limestone = 300 kg 4. Recycled Steel = 120 kg Water Tungabhadra Reservoir Energy Hydel Power Steel Industry Iron Ore Bellary-Hospet Area (Karnataka), The Heart of the High-Grade Iron ore Belt, From Goa (1.4 Million Tonnes)Coal Kanhan Valley (Chhattisgarh) and Singareni (Andhra Pradesh) (0.8 Million Tonnes) Limestone & Dolomite Available within 100 km radii (0.3 Million Tonnes) Recycled Steel From scrap of Engineering Goods Industry (0.12 Million Tonnes) Slag (0.3 Million Tonnes) Flue Gases Red Oxide Cement Road Aggregate Fertilizers
  9. 9. INDUSTRIES AT BELLARY (EXISTING & PROPOSED) [9/18] “Development of Hypothetical Eco-Industrial Park at Bellary District, Karnataka (India)” 2. Engineering Goods: Forward Link Industry  Most of the units are in MSME sector  USE steel produced locally  Plastic and rubber also used  Scrap is recycled in the steel plant
  10. 10. INDUSTRIES AT BELLARY (EXISTING & PROPOSED) [10/18] “Development of Hypothetical Eco-Industrial Park at Bellary District, Karnataka (India)” 3. Engineering Goods: Forward Link Industry Treated water Coal Fly ash Bottom ashCoal based Thermal Power Plant Waste heat Treated water Coal based Thermal Power Plant Image Courtesy: Google Images
  11. 11. INDUSTRIES AT BELLARY (EXISTING & PROPOSED) [11/18] “Development of Hypothetical Eco-Industrial Park at Bellary District, Karnataka (India)” 4. Cement Industry Cement Industries Fly ash Slag Bottom Ash 5. Brick Industry Image Courtesy: Google Images
  12. 12. INDUSTRIES AT BELLARY (EXISTING & PROPOSED) [12/18] “Development of Hypothetical Eco-Industrial Park at Bellary District, Karnataka (India)” 6. Red Oxide Industry:  Raw Material: Iron Waste or Iron Filings (40%-100% elementary Iron)  Thiobacillus ferroxidants bacteria (ferrous sulphate into ferric sulphate)  Use: Ingredient of Paints (50%) & Pigments, Structural Protection  Capacity: 16 industries (4 tonnes/day) (Oxide colours & red oxide) 7. Cotton Industry: Cotton Ginning and Pressing Units Absorbent Cotton Cotton Fabric Oil Cotton Seed Cotton Industry Cosmetics & Soaps Cotton Production: 99,618 tons Considering 20% Wastage (Ginning and Pressing) Considering 10% Wastage (Yarn Making Industry) Image Courtesy: Google Images
  13. 13. INDUSTRIES AT BELLARY (EXISTING & PROPOSED) [13/18] “Development of Hypothetical Eco-Industrial Park at Bellary District, Karnataka (India)” 8. Paper Industry: Waste cotton & seed Rags Pulp Paper Industry Paper Products
  14. 14. INDUSTRIES AT BELLARY (EXISTING & PROPOSED) [14/18] “Development of Hypothetical Eco-Industrial Park at Bellary District, Karnataka (India)” 9. Ready-Made Garments (RMG) Industry (Jeans): *Jeans capital of India  431 Registered Industries  Production: 40.5 lakh pieces/annum (Worth >150 Cr.)  Process: cutting of clothstitchingembroidery workcutting of threadschecking and passingwashing/dry cleaning pressing/ironingchecking, and packing. Ready-Made Garments (RMG) Industry Synthetic Fibres (Polyester/Lycra) Jeans (40.5 Lakh Pieces/year) *One Bale of cotton produces 215 pair of jeans. Natural Cotton Fibres (71,724 Tonnes/Year) Buttons, Zips, Hooks, tailoring Thread, Finishing Chemicals (Dye), Packing Materials Waste Water (Starch, Dye) (4 Billion Gallon) (38 litre/jeans) Rags (10% Wastage)
  15. 15. [15/18] “Development of Hypothetical Eco-Industrial Park at Bellary District, Karnataka (India)” PROPOSED EIP MODEL AT BELLARY Legends: Material Exchange Energy Exchange Proposed Waste Water
  16. 16. CONCLUSION [16/18] “Development of Hypothetical Eco-Industrial Park at Bellary District, Karnataka (India)”  Hypothetical model to demonstrate interaction (assumptions and limitations associated)  Actual situation of Industrial Park can be known  Potential Exchange Possibilities  Helpful in maximizing the exchanges  Easy to determine quantum of material and energy exchange and unrecycled waste  Helpful to estimate economic and environmental benefits FUTURE SCOPE  LCA can be used to improve individual processes further.  Other possible energy exchange opportunities can be explored.
  17. 17. REFERENCES [17/18] “Development of Hypothetical Eco-Industrial Park at Bellary District, Karnataka (India)” References [1] Cote´ and Rosenthal (1998), “Designing eco-industrial parks: a synthesis of some experiences”, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 6, 181-188 [2] Council on Sustainable Development (1996), “Resource Manual on Infrastructure for Eco-Industrial Development” [3] Hein et al. (2015), “A Conceptual Framework for Eco-Industrial Parks”, Proceedings of the ASME 2015 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference 2015, Boston, Massachusetts, USA [4] The Canadian Group Inc., “Benefits of Eco-Industrial Networking”, http://www.cardinalgroup.ca/cein/benefits.html/ [5] Kazuhiro et al. (2013), “Processing and Reusing Technologies for Steelmaking Slag”, NIPPON Steel Technical Report No. 104 [6] Potter M. (2002), A technical report on “Iron Oxide Pigments” http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity/iron_oxide/iopmyb02.pdf [7] Teekappa M. and Khan M. (2015), “Area, Yield and Production of Cotton in Bellary District of Karnataka State”, Indian Streams Research Journal, vol. 5, Issue – 6 [8] Shodhganga, “Industrial profile of Bellary District”, http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in [9] Janice P. (2012), “How many pairs of jeans in a bale of cotton?, Lee Jeans Asks” http://janiceperson.com/agriculture/ag-awareness/how-many-pairs-of-jeans-in-a-bale-of-cotton-lee-jeans-asks/ [10] Levi Strauss & Co. (2007), “The Lifecycle of a Jean” http://www.levistrauss.com/sustainability/planet/ [11] “How Products Are Made”, http://www.madehow.com/Volume-1/Blue-Jeans.html
  18. 18. [18/18] “Development of Hypothetical Eco-Industrial Park at Bellary District, Karnataka (India)”

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