Industrial Dyes (Chemistry Properties Applications) (Www.Isotextile.Blogspot.Com)

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  • Thank you for such good information,Pls send me this doc to husen.mullani@gmail.com
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  • Dear Prince,

    Sorry by this long time to reply. We are working at México and such chemical already was tested on laundries and textile fabric only in México and if you want to contact with me please here you will find my e-mail adress: alejandrotiburcior@hotmail.com

    for more information.
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  • Did you work in Bangladesh?
    Did any Dyes Manufacturing company applying your research? Then pls let them to contact with me.
    We are selling reactive dyes in bangladesh.
    Prince
    Business coordinator
    Pertex corporation
    Cell: +88 01819427151
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  • My actual research and development on dyestuff is regarding on fabric and garment dyeing process. The main goal is dye application savings up to 30% and achieving better wash-fastness and deep color quality, at this time we are using a chemical already tested on Direct, Reactive, Sulphur, Vat, Acid and Disperse Dyes; machine process tested are Rotary Washers, Jigger, Jet and I very interested for Continuos Process testings. I wai your comments
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Industrial Dyes (Chemistry Properties Applications) (Www.Isotextile.Blogspot.Com)

  1. 1. K. Hunger (Editor) Industrial Dyes Chemistry, Properties, Applications
  2. 2. Furtherof Interest: Herbst, W., Hunger, K. Industrial Organic Pigments Production, Properties, Applications Third, Completely Revised Edition 2003 ISBN 3-527-30576-9 Buxbaum, G. (Ed.) Industrial Inorganic Pigments Second, Completely Revised Edition 1998 ISBN 3-527-28878-3 Smith, H. M. (Ed.) High Performance Pigments 2002 ISBN 3-527-30204-2 Völz, H. G. Industrial Color Testing Fundamentals and Techniques Second, Completely Revised Edition 2001 ISBN 3-527-30436-3 Freitag, W., Stoye, D. (Eds.) Paints, Coatings and Solvents Second, Completely Revised Edition 1998 ISBN 3-527-28863-5 Bieleman, J. (Ed.) Additives for Coatings 2000 ISBN 3-527-29785-5
  3. 3. Klaus Hunger (Editor) Industrial Dyes Chemistry, Properties, Applications
  4. 4. Dr. Klaus Hunger (Editor) Johann-Strau û-Str. 35 D-65779 Kelkheim Germany formerly Hoechst AG, Frankfurt, Germany This book was carefully produced. Nevertheless, editor , authors and publisher do not warrant the information contained therein to be free of errors. Readers are advised to keep in mind that state- ments, data, illustrations, procedural details or other items may inadvertently be inaccurate. Library of Congress Card No.: Applied for. British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data: A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Bibliographic information published by Die Deutsche Bibliothek Die Deutsche Bibliothek lists this publication in the Deutsche Nationalbibliografie; detailed bibliographic data is available in the Internet at <http://dnb.ddb.de> ISBN 3-527-30426-6 2003 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH Co. KGaA, Weinheim Printed on acid-free paper. All rights reserved (including those of translation in other languages). No part of this book may be reproduced in any form – by photoprinting, microfilm, or any other means – nor transmitted or trans- lated into machine language without written permission from the publishers. Registered names, trade- marks, etc. used in this book, even when not specifically marked as such, are not to be considered unpro- tected by law. Composition: Kühn Weyh, 79111 Freiburg Printing and Bookbinding: Druckhaus Darmstadt GmbH, Darmstadt Printed in the Federal Republic of Germany.
  5. 5. Contents Preface XXI List of Contributors XXIII 1 Dyes, General Survey 1 1.1 Introduction 1 1.2 Classification Systems for Dyes 2 1.3 Classification of Dyes by Use or Application Method 3 1.4 Nomenclature of Dyes 6 1.5 Equipment and Manufacture 7 1.6 Economic Aspects 10 1.7 References 12 2 Important Chemical Chromophores of Dye Classes 13 Introduction 13 2.1 Azo Chromophore 14 2.1.1 Introduction 14 2.1.2 General Synthesis 16 2.1.2.1 Diazo Components 16 2.1.2.2 Diazotization Methods 19 2.1.2.3 Coupling Components 20 2.1.2.4 Azo Coupling in Practice 28 2.1.3 Principal Properties 29 2.1.3.1 Tautomerism 29 2.1.3.2 Metallized A zo Dyes 32
  6. 6. VI Contents 2.1.3.3 Carbocyclic Azo Dyes 33 2.1.3.4 Heterocyclic Azo Dyes 34 2.1.4 References 35 2.2 Anthraquinone Chromophore 35 2.2.1 Introduction 35 2.2.2 General Synthesis 36 2.2.3 Principal Properties 36 2.2.3.1 Benzodifuranone Dyes 37 2.2.3.2 Polycyclic Aromatic Carbonyl Dyes 38 2.2.4 References 39 2.3 Indigoid Chromophore 40 2.3.1 Introduction 40 2.3.2 General Synthesis 40 2.3.3 Principal Properties 41 2.3.3.1 Color 41 2.3.3.2 Basic Chromophore 42 2.3.3.3 Solvatochromism 42 2.3.3.4 Redox System 43 2.3.4 References 43 2.4 Cationic Dyes as Chromophores 44 2.4.1 Introduction 44 2.4.2 General Synthesis 45 2.4.3 Chemical Structure and Classification 45 2.4.3.1 Dyes with Delocalized Charge 45 2.4.3.2 Dyes with Localized Charge 49 2.4.4 Principal Properties 52 2.4.4.1 Cationic Dyes for Synthetic Fibers 52 2.4.4.2 Cationic Dyes for Paper, Leather, and Other Substrates 53 2.4.5 References 55 2.5 Polymethine and Related Chromophores 56 2.5.1 Introduction 56 2.5.2 General Synthesis 57 2.5.3 Principal Properties and Classification 57 2.5.3.1 Azacarbocyanines 57 2.5.3.2 Hemicyanines 57 2.5.3.3 Diazahemicyanines 58 2.5.3.4 Styryl D yes 58
  7. 7. Contents VII 2.6 Di- and Triarylcarbenium and Related Chromophores 59 2.6.1 Introduction 59 2.6.2 Chromophores 60 2.6.3 General Synthesis 62 2.6.4 Principal Properties 65 2.6.5 References 67 2.7 Phthalocyanine Chromophore 68 2.7.1 Introduction 68 2.7.2 General Synthesis 70 2.7.3 Principal Properties 72 2.7.4 Industrial Production 73 2.7.4.1 Copper Phthalocyanine 73 2.7.4.2 Phthalocyanine Derivatives 74 2.7.4.3 Pthalocyanine Sulfonic Acids and Sulfonyl Chlorides 75 2.7.5 References 76 2.8 Sulfur Compounds as Chromophores 78 2.8.1 Introduction 78 2.8.2 Chromophores 79 2.8.3 General Synthesis 79 2.8.3.1 Sulfur Bake and Polysulfide Bake Dyes 79 2.8.3.2 Polysulfide Melt Dyes 81 2.8.3.3 Pseudo Sulfur Dyes 83 2.8.4 Principal Properties 84 2.8.5 References 84 2.9 Metal Complexes as Chromophores 85 2.9.1 Introduction 85 2.9.2