Research Methodology :- Bollywood & its Imapct on Youth
- TO BE PRESENTED TO MONA BHATIA
Birth of Indian Cinema
Indian Cinema was born on 3rd May, 1913.
Since 1913, Indian Cinema, popularly known as Bollywood,
has made a long journey from simple silent movies to sound
films, then colored films to technically advanced movies of
the present day.
Interesting Facts about Bollywood
• Production-wise, Bollywood is the largest film industry in the
world with over 1000 films produced every year.
• Its movies are watched by almost 14 million Indians everyday
• Raja Harishchandra (1913), by Dadasaheb Phalke was the first
silent feature film made in India.
• 'Alam Ara' - the first Indian sound film was released in 1931.
• Kisan Kanya (1937) was the first colored movie produced in India.
• Every year, Bollywood movies are celebrated in no less than 6
Evolution of the BOLLYWOOD
It was by the 1930's that the industry started producing more than 200 films
By late 1950s the films were defined by sumptuous romantic musicals and
Late 1960s and early 1970s gave rise to romantic movies, action films and
In 1970’s films were action oriented with revenge as the dominating theme.
It was the age of the angry young man and Amitabh Bachchan rose to
prominence with the success of Sholay, Zanjeer and Deewar.
Evolution of Bollywood
The late eighties and early nineties saw the revival of the musical love stories
in Hindi cinema.
90s was a mixed genre of romantic, thrillers, action and comedy films.
During this period the cinema quality increased to a great extent and the box-
office was stroked by family-centric romantic musicals.
A stark upgrade was seen as technology gifted the industry Dolby digital sound
effects, advanced special effects, choreography and international appeal.
The development brought about investments from the corporate sector along
with finer scripts and performances.
Films & Youth
▪ Officially recognized by the Government of India, is all those in the age group
15 - 35 are considered to be youth
▪ Hindi films in particular – seem to play a large role in the lives of teenagers
▪ Discussions on films form a large part of daily ‘gossip’, and extend to a large
degree into the real lives of film stars
▪ When it comes to fashion, romance and language, Bollywood movies are a
constant reference point for youngsters.
▪ Gangster films are particularly popular with college students.
▪ Dialogues from these films are routinely used in their conversations with
Films & Youth
▪ When combined with the right clothes and symbols – motorbikes,
cigarettes, girls/guys, mobile phones etc. it gives them a sense of
▪ Films are a medium through which teenagers are presented with new
ideas - be it in terms of dress codes, behaviour or attitude. These are
often used by youth in their daily interactions with friends and
▪ Films have created a yearning for romance.
▪ To be tagged "boyfriend" or "girlfriend" implies popularity, cool-ness
Emulating the Hero - Herogiri:
This is a concept which has come from the movies. To be or act like a hero – this
implies style, fashion and is associated with the so called 'cool' behaviour.
Establishing linkages with glamour symbols:
Bikes, cars, discos, smoking, dance, boozing, fashion –
clothes/accessories/hairstyles – and body building are the symbols that are
considered most glamorous.
Projecting the right Image:
Projecting the right 'image' is an important aspect. For instance, girls aspire to
project the "Uptown Girl" image - it's one who is provocative, presents a challenge
- not just to other girls but boys as well.
21st Century Industry
It is 21st century now. This era brought immense popularity to the
Bollywood, so much that its films appeal the audiences of all segments.
Today Indian Cinema, especially Hindi cinema is not only popular in India
but also in parts of Middle East, Pakistan, UK and virtually every other
place where Indians live.
A revolution of sorts has happened in terms of defining glamour,
entertainment, commercial values, budgeting, marketing and box office
BUSINESS OF BOLLYWOOD
Movies are not only the world’s most popular form of entertainment, but
the film business is now becoming recognized as a highly lucrative and
profitable investment sector.
Before the reform, the filmmakers were hugely dependent on diamond
merchants and underworld for finances.
But today quite a few banks, including IDBI, Exim Bank and Bank of
Baroda, are pumping money into movie-making business.
The Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI), which started off by
investing Rs.70 million in the industry, is seen as the leader in this sector
and has decided to double its investments to the tune of Rs.2 billion.
PROS Of Bollywood
Movies introduce youths to cultures, historical events and stories with which
they are unfamiliar.
Movies used in classrooms enhance learning.
Movies are enjoyable for all age group people.
They stimulate people's emotions, imaginations and conversations.
A good cinema always raises issues that makes them question things and
force them to search solution.
Good comedy movies always refresh the mind & help in increasing
Cons of Bollywood
Smoking and alcohol
Most movies have sex content, terrorism which leads youth's mind
to dangerous way.
Youngsters see movies & expect a very rich lifestyle & excess money
without hard work.
Modern cinemas are violent, consisting crime scenes & , no moral code
Abusive language, intimate scenes and vulgarity is corrupting youth and
Formulating the research Problem
KEY ELEMENTS OF RESEARCH TOPIC
Unit of analysis – Youth ( aged between 16 - 26 years )
Characteristics of interest – understanding Role of Bollywood in youth’s life
Time and space boundary – 1 month
Environmental condition – Youth imitate Bollywood in terms of fashion,
style , acts performed etc. which has highly influenced
OBJECTIVE OF THE RESEARCH
1. To understand various positive and negative factors of
Bollywood influencing lives of the youth.
2. To observe the changing response & behaviour of youth to
the changing trends in the film industry.
3. To study various likes, dislikes, tastes & preferences of the
youth in accordance with the Bollywood celebrities.
DEVELOPING OF A WORKING HYPOTHESIS
H_0 : NULL HYPOTHESIS
Bollywood does not play a significant role in Youth’s life
H_1 : ALTERNATIVE HYPOTHESIS
Bollywood plays a significant role in Youth’s life
Type of Research Design – Exploratory Research
Total = 50 samples
Analysis of data
Junior Youth (16 – 21 years) / Adult youth (22 – 26 years)
Male / Female
Media Field / Non - Media Field
Q1. What would you like to do in your spare time ?
1. Watch a movie
2. Hangout with friends
4. Indoor-Outdoor Games
9 % 7 % 4%
Watch a movie Hangout with
Q2. How frequently do you watch movies ?
1. Once a week
2. Once a month
3. Once in 3 months
Frequency of watching movies
16 - 21 years
22 - 26 years
Once a week Once a month Once in 3
Q3. Which type of movies you like to see the most ?
1. Inspirational / Biographical
2. Action / Thriller
4. Drama / Romance
TYPES OF MOVIES
OUTER RING : MALE
INNER RING : FEMALE
Inspirational / Biographical
Action / Thriller
Drama / Romance
Sci-Fi / 3D
Q4. What are the most important elements of a movie ?
1. Story Line
2. Cast & Crew
4. Fun & Comic
5. Songs / Dance
ELEMENTS OF A MOVIE
Storyline Cast & Crew Dialogues Fun & Comic Songs / Dance
Q5. With whom would you prefer watching a movie ?
2. Siblings / Cousins
YOUTH Watch movies in the Company of…
Cousins / Siblings
Parents / Elders
▪ I don’t think films have that much impact on youth
They are one of the many factors in an ocean of factors
Peer pressure, parenting, schooling, etc. would have a much stronger
impact than films.
▪ They will only impact only if u want them to
▪ Films do affect the mind set of youth but I consider Television having much
more negative impacts on youth.
▪ Movies are meant for entertainment
You should laugh out the moment and leave negative stuffs inside the
cinema theatre itself
▪ It completely depends upon your perception.
Q7. How much maximum amount would you spend for a movie ticket
4. Rs.350 +
Maximum amount spent on a movie ticket
Rs. 150 Rs. 250 Rs. 350 Rs. 350 +
Q8. Is Bollywood a secured option for future career ?
0% 20% 40% 60% 80%
NON MEDIA FIELD