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Leadership styles : - Principles of management


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Leadership Styles in management

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Leadership styles : - Principles of management

  2. 2. MEANING STYLE refers to a way of doing something. Leadership styles means the behavioural pattern which a leader adopts to direct the behavior of members in an organisation in order to achieve the goal of the organisation.
  3. 3. DEFINITION According to Edwin Flippo: “Leadership style is a pattern of behaviour designed to integrate organisational and personal interest in pursuit of some objectives"
  4. 4. TYPES Leadership styles Motivational styles Power styles Orientation styles
  5. 5. A)MOTIVATIONAL STYLES • The main function of the leader is to MOTIVATE the workers to work more and increase the efficiency.
  7. 7. i)POSITIVE APPROACH TO LEADERSHIP • Rewards • Money • Higher efficiency • Promotes peace • Leave encashment scheme
  8. 8. ii)NEGATIVE APPROACH OF LEADERSHIP • Threatening • Penalising • Penalties
  9. 9. • Advantages Reduction in labour turnover and absenteeism. Boosts morale of employees. Generates loyalty. • Disadvantages Employees may feel frustrated due to negative motivation.
  10. 10. B)POWER STYLES Power styles Autocratic Styles The Free Reign Style Democratic Style The Paternalistic Style
  12. 12. • It is also called as authoritarian or work oriented leadership • Plans and policies are determined by the leader alone • Demands strict obedience • Relies on power of position • Rewards and punishments
  13. 13. • Less freedom • Greater concern for work is shown
  14. 14. TYPES OF AUTHOCRATIC LEADERS • Strict autocrat • Benevolent autocrat • Incompetent autocrat
  15. 15. TYPES OF AUTHOCRATIC LEADERS STRICT AUTOCRAT Strict style Influences subordinate Criticising Imposing penalities BENEVOLENT AUTOCRAT Positive motivational method Rewards Efficiency INCOMPETENT AUTOCRAT Autocratic styles Hide incompetency Short time
  16. 16. ii)THE FREE-REIN STYLE • It is a type of leadership where there is least interference by the leader
  17. 17. • Group operates on its own • Group works without leadership of manager • Manager maintains relation with people outside organisation • Quick and good result • Employees are intelligent
  18. 18. iii)DEMOCRATIC LEADERSHIP • It is also called as participative or person- oriented leadership • Subordinates have freedom • Concern for people is more rather than production • Leaders job is to encourage and reinforce constructive interrealtionship
  19. 19. • Leader is quiet important figure in democratic situation however he is the key model in authoritarian type
  20. 20. iv)THE PATERNALISTIC LEADERSHIP • The leader assumes paternal or fatherly role
  21. 21. • Works to guide • Protect • Keep happy • Good working condition • Workers work hard with gratitude • It can generate resentment in subordinates
  22. 22. Advantages: Success of newly formed enterprise. Guides employees in case of they are illiterate. Disadvantages: Employees become tensed. Restricts delegation of authority.
  23. 23. C)ORIENTATION STYLES Orientation Styles Employee-oriented Leadership Task-oriented leadership
  25. 25. EMPLOYEE ORIENTED LEADERSHIP • Concerned about subordinates • They provide better working condition • Pay highest attention to the subordinates • Satisfy their needs • Solve problems
  27. 27. TASK ORIENTED LEADERSHIP • Main concern is to get work done • Subordinates are kept busy • Zeal to produce more • Ignore human aspect
  28. 28. LEADERSHIP TRAITS • Leadership traits refers to qualities that make individual a leader. • Leadership are classified into 2 types – Innate traits – Acuirable traits • Thus “leaders are not born and not made”
  29. 29. • Physical features • Intelligence • Objectivity • Human relations
  30. 30. • Motivating skills • Technical skills • Communication skills • Social skills
  31. 31. MANAGEMENT VS LEADEERSHIP Management • Process related to organization • Focuses on promoting the interest • Directs the employees • It is a formal structure • Formal relationship • Generally stable • Managers are leaders Leadership • Influencing • Monitors , clarifies and influences • Exercises influence • Leaders may be formal or informal • Informal relationship • Never stable • All leaders are not managers
  32. 32. MANAGER VS LEADER Manager(Boss) • Drives and orders • Has authority • Engenders fear • Fixes blames and find faults • Need not consult or advice • Believes in ’ I ’ • Acquires knowledge through formal education and training • Makes work drudgery Leader • Coaches and advices • Depends on his confidence and goodwill • Inspires enthusiasm • Solves problems • Consults and seeks advice • Believes in ‘WE’ and ’YOU’ • Becomes leader because of his desires and experience • Makes the work a game