submitted by : Sanchi
Hazard is a dangerous event,
natural or human included that
could cause injury, loss of life or
damage op property, livelihood
or environment .
For e.g.. Rail, road and air
accidents, terrorist attack ect.
A disaster is weather natural or
human included, is an event
which results in widespread
human loss. it is accompanied by
loss of livelihood, property
causing suffering and loss in a
Response and relief
Immediate measures taken during or
after the disaster to ensure the effects
The operations taken after disaster to help the
affected people by giving them money and
reconstructing the damages.
It Is any action taken to minimize
the extent of a disaster or
It includes improving plantation,
relocation of villagers into safer
areas, practicing and promoting
disaster resistant construction
the impact of
Floods are temporary
inundation of large regions as
a result of an increase in
reservoir , rivers, flooding of
their banks because of heavy
rains , tsunami, wind storms or
Cyclones are violent storms, often
of vast extent, characterized by
high winds rotating about a calm
center of low atmospheric
pressure. This is center moves
onward. Often with a velocity of 50
km an hour !
1.Engineered structures should be
designed and built to withstand ground
2.Before the building is constructed, the
balding plan should be checked by the
municipality or by any architecture.
3.Public awareness programmers should
Landslides are masses of rock,
earth or derbies which move by
force of their own weight down
mountain slopes of river banks
.they occur without any warning.
1.Drainage correction : maintenance of
natural drainage channels.
2.Engineered structures with strong
foundations can withstand the
ground movement forces.
3.Increasing vegetation cover.
A drought is a climatic
anomaly, characterized by
deficient supply of
moisture resulting either
from sub-normal rainfall,
distribution, higher water
need or a combination of
all the factors.
1.drought monitoring and early
2.Drought awareness programme.
3.Land use planning.
4.Crop insuring – this is an insurance
given to the farmers, who have lost
their crops because of lack of water