• Sugar is produced in 121 Countries and globalproduction now exceeds 120 Million tons a year.Approximately 70% is produced from sugarcane, a very tall grass with big stems which islargely grown in the tropical countries. Theremaining 30% is produced from sugar beet.
The sugar production process involves three steps: (a) crushing ofthe sugarcane, (b) clarification of the sugarcane juice andcrystallization of sugar and (c) separation. The sugarcane is crushedto extract the sugarcane juice. The juice extracted from the millingplant is mechanically screened. The juice is then heated to about 70degree centigrade in rapid flow vertical juice heater. The treatedjuice is then heated to approximately 105 degree centigrade andmade to enter a flash tank for the removal of gas and air beforeletting it into a continuous clarifier, where the settling of the mudand other impurities takes place. The clear juice is then sent to theevaporators for concentration. The concentrated juice known assyrup is further boiled until the sugar crystallizes. Lastly, the mixtureof sugar crystals and the syrup is spun in a centrifuge, whichseparates the sugar crystals (also called plantation white sugar) toproduce sugar and molasses. The sugar produced is dried, gradedand packaged for storage and marketing.Molasses, filter cake and bagasse (the fibrous residue leftover aftercrushing sugarcane and extracting its juice), are by-products ofsugar production process. The molasses and filter cake are sold inthe market to generate revenue.