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Thesis -International Cruise Terminal in Goa

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Thesis -International Cruise Terminal in Goa

  1. 1. PASSENGER CRUISE TERMINAL AT MORMUGAO, GOA THESIS- SANAH PATEL
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENT SR NO TOPIC PAGE NO 1.0 PREFACE I 2.0 ACKNOWLEDGMENT II 3.0 SYNOPSIS III 3.1 Introduction IV 3.2 Need For Study V 3.3 Aims And Objectives VI 3.4 Scope VI 3.5 Limitation VI 3.6 Methodology VII 3.7 Bibliography VII 4.0 INTRODUCTION 4.1 What Is Cruise Tourism 1 4.2 Emergence Of Cruise Industry 3 4.3 From Land To Sea 4 4.4 Cruise Tourism : Global Scenario 5 4.5 Cruise Tourism : Indian Scenario 10 4.6 Cruise Tourism : Regional Scenario 13 5 CASE STUDIES 5.1 Shanghai International Cruise Terminal 15 5.2 Yokahama International Cruise Terminal 24
  3. 3. SR NO TOPIC PAGE NO 5.3 Mumbai International Cruise Terminal 32 5.4 Cochin International Cruise Terminal 37 6 COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS 7 DATA COLLECTION 7.1 Introduction 42 7.2 Terminal Spaces 42 7.3 Terminal Circulation 43 7.4 Space Requirements 44 7.5 Shops 45 7.6 Restaurant 46 7.7 Kitchen 47 7.8 Travellator 48 7.9 Lifts 49 7.10 Museum 50 7.11 Lighting 51 7.12 Fire Fighting 52 7.13 Loading/ Unloading 54 7.14 Parking-cars 55 7.15 Parking – Buses 56 7.16 Draft 57 7.17 MATERIALS 7.17.a Concrete 58
  4. 4. SR NO TOPIC PAGE NO 7.17.b Plastic 58 7.18 Landscaping 60 7.19 Environmental Significance 62 7.20 GENERAL DESIGN PRINCIPAL 7.20.a Wind 63 7.20.b Waves 63 7.20.c Wave Refraction 63 7.20.d Size And Shape Of Harbor And Mooring Basin 64 7.20.e Breakwater 65 7.20.f Booth Handling 65 7.20.g Sitting Of Break Water 65 7.20.h Piles 67 7.20.i Dredging 68 8 DESIGN BRIEF AND ANALYSIS 70 9 DESIGN APPROACH 77 10 SITE SELECTION AND ANALYSIS 84 11 DESIGN CONCEPT 91 12 DESIGN SOLUTION 92 13 GLOSSARY
  5. 5. Cruise tourism is one of the most developing industry in the world especially in India. The concept of cruise is basically that of floating resort which travels from destination to destination. The graph of tourist participating is cruising has shown a drastic change from past 10 years. Thus for making a good welcome for the international tourist, it is important for the terminal building to have all the facilities that can cater the passengers. There are 6 main ports in India namely, Mumbai , Goa , Cochin, New Mangalore, Tuticorin and Chennai .Amongst all the ports, only the terminal building in Mumbai , Cochin and Goa are well know for International Cruise Destinations. Amongst these only Mumbai and Cochin have a terminal building. These terminal’s provide only the basic needs for an International Terminal . Thus for having new identity and to be recognized worldwide in this industry the terminal should provide all facilities which are required in an International Cruise Terminal. This study focuses on designing a cruise terminal , circulation pattern and zoning of various spaces in the terminal . Thus it is important to study other International Terminals as to compare and give solutions as to what is to be done. With all the above points and study a basic primary guidelines can be provided. PREFACE i
  6. 6. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I acknowledge with gratitude the guidance, creativity, criticism, endued encouragement, advice and continued interest shown throughout this project by my Thesis Guide Ar .Romeiro Silveria, without whose help the study would not have been successful. I would also like to thank the thesis faculty – Ar. Rina Salvi, Ar. Dhwani Iyer, Ar. Barjor Cooper and Ar. M.V.Kulkarni for all their inputs and support. Special thanks are due to Mr. CYRIL PINTO , Chief Navigator of Mormugao Port Trust, and the employees who helped in site searching and Mr. ELVIS GOMES the captain of “Captain of Ports Jetty”. My heart full thanks to my friends and well- wishers, all my classmates , and school mates who helped increase my motivity. My thanks to GOVERNMENT OF GOA ( DEPARTMENT OF TOURISM) for the information on the GOA tourism analysis. Last but not the Least , I am highly indebted to my parents for their constant support, appreciation and timely help without which the study would not have been successful. ii
  7. 7. SYNOPSIS
  8. 8. 3.1 INTRODUCTION: Tourism is travel for recreation, leisure, religious, family or business purposes, usually for a limited duration. Tourism is commonly associated with international travel, but may also refer to travel to another place within the same country. Tourism has been placed on a priority platform in India with the government to stimulate economic and social development since 19th century. Thereby transforming economics has been internationally acknowledged. Cruise tourism represents one such avenue where for reaching developments have been witnessed worldwide Cruise Tourism is traveling for leisure to various destinations on a ship. The ships are not involved in the transportation industry like the ferries or the cargo ships. A cruise ship or cruise liner is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the ship's amenities are a part of the experience, as well as the different destinations along the way. Transportation is not the prime purpose, as cruise ships operate mostly on routes that return passengers to their originating port, so the ports of call are usually in a specified region of a continent. INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA S Y N O P S I S iii
  9. 9. In this case the cruise terminal is not a port of call but an intermediate point where the cruise embarks for a day. Thus spaces are to be designed keeping in mind the duration of stay of the cruise. 3.2 NEED TO STUDY: • It is known that in India the international cruise destinations are Mumbai, Goa and Cochin . • Since Cruise tourism is one of the most developing industries in India, the need of terminals at such destination is a call of need now. • The terminal buildings at Mumbai and Cochin provided do not meet the international needs and facilities for an ‘International Cruise Terminal’. • A new international cruise terminal has been proposed in Mumbai and is expected to be ready by 2016. • Goa is one such destination which may not be a port of call but has one of the highest tourist place in the nation. • Also it is an emerging need for the domestic tourism. • Thus a Cruise Terminal can cater as a gateway to Goa for both the domestic as well as the international cruises and can be a landmark. iv INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA S Y N O P S I S
  10. 10. 3.3 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES : • The main aim of the design is to provide a cruise terminal which will serve as an intermediate port for international cruises and a destination for the domestic cruises as the government seeks to give importance to Goa as an overall tourist destination. • The terminal should be an initiative to boost cruise tourism within the country as well. • Also to have public participation / public spaces which will add to the revenue to the terminal. • The research will explore various design aspects that will make up a Cruise Terminal and implement it. 3.4 SCOPE • The facilities provided at the present cruise terminals are falling short of passenger handlings and services • Since the terminal is a public building, it will be open to all kinds of passengers with a diverse range of backgrounds. • The design would serve to be as an important structure and a gateway to Goa. 3.5 LIMITATION • Statistically , the international terminal will be used 4 times a month . • Thus areas are to be provided which will keep the terminal will be used during other times as well . • Since Goa is an intermediate point, there is no embarkation and disembarkation of luggage's. Thus baggage handling and such service areas are to be looked upon. S Y N O P S I S vINTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA
  11. 11. • As far as the domestic cruises is concerned, the development is at a slower paseo. Statistic shows that the development of domestic cruises will boost after 10yrs. • Thus an area would be dedicated as future development it but there would be no design for domestic terminal as such. 3.6 METHODOLOGY: To carry out live case studies of the cruise terminals for acquaintance of the topic. To study and analyze book case studies for a comparative analysis To study the available information through various sources for pursuing content of the research topic. To carry out various interviews for practical inputs 3.7 BIBLIOGRAPHY: • https://www.google.co.in/webhp?sourceid=chrome instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=+cruise+tourism+ • https://www.google.co.in/webhp?sourceid=chrome • instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF- 8#q=international+cruise+terminal+in+india From the research gathered and documented a better understanding of the requirement of such a building shall emerge. This will positively inform the design programme and produce a well integrated building. The research will focus on port as one of the key points of entry and will examine the many roles and influences the terminal will have on the city. S Y N O P S I S viINTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA
  12. 12. INTRODUCTION
  13. 13. 4.1 WHAT IS CRUISE TOURISM? Tourism has, since the 1950s, become an extremely popular, global activity. In 2007, international tourist arrivals grew by 6.6% to reach a new record figure of 903 million international tourist arrivals. A cruise is generally a defined package that includes a cruise itinerary spanning a defined period of time. A cruise ship or cruise liner is a for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the ship's amenities are a part of the experience, as well as the different destinations along the way. Transportation is not the prime purpose, as cruise ships operate mostly on routes that return passengers to their originating port, so the ports of call are usually in a specified region of a continent. Cruises, which were at one time considered the prerogative of the rich, the only option for the aged and the natural choice for honeymooners, is today fast reaching the wider leisure market. Representing one of the fastest growing sectors worldwide, cruise market trends indicate a qualitative as well as quantitative consolidation in the industry, with cruising gaining greater significance in the global ‘tourism pie’ and successful seizing a significant ‘niche’ market. 4. INTRODUCTION: 1 I N T R O D U C T I O N INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA
  14. 14. The cruise liner industry is a sector which is in major expansion and can be defined as a multi-centre holiday where you take the hotel with you from one place to another. This is one of the benefits of cruising vacations, as people are able to take 17 their „comfort zone‟ with them to anywhere in the world There are four dominant factors that make up cruising. •Attractions – include interesting destinations and itineraries, •Facilities on board – include a total holiday and entertainment package, •Transportation – having the ability to move from one place to another without the need of packing and unpacking at each destination, •Hospitality – having professional staff looking after you in luxury 2 I N T R O D U C T I O N INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA
  15. 15. 4.2 EMERGENCE OF CRUISE INDUSTRY: Boats are not the oldest form of transport, but from ancient times up until the invention of steam they were the mode most easily advanced. Global exploration and navigation was pioneered via the sea, while inland the movement of mass load for trading and construction purposes was predominantly facilitated by boat on rivers on manmade canals. Cruise tourism made its small beginnings in 1839 as part of the fortnightly crossing mail service between Liverpool and Boston .The increasing travel demand through the 1950's and into the 60's kept the liners busy crossing with tourists from both continents. Ships began to cater solely to passengers, rather than to cargo or mail contracts, and added luxuries like electric lights, more deck space, and entertainment. By the early 20th century the concept of the superliner was developed and Germany led the market in the development of these massive and ornate floating hotels. The design of these liners attempted to minimize the discomfort of ocean travel, masking the fact of being at sea and the extremes in weather as much as possible through elegant accommodations and planned activities. I N T R O D U C T I O N 3 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA
  16. 16. 4.3 FROM LAND TO SEA: Large coastal ports have developed in tune with seagoing vessels. Naturally accommodating coastal waters were soon colonized as ports, often initially by the navy before merchant navy, before merchant trading took over. It wasn’t much later that ports changed to accommodate mass passenger transit- the move from the gangplank to the passenger terminal has been swift in terms of architectural progression and yet slow due to the near death of the passenger cruise industry. The international traveler was now used to airport terminals and so ports had to adapt. Similar style cruise terminals came into being both as a fast and efficient way of processing passenger and as an updated method of actually boarding these huge ships Gradually the concept of ‘tourist ship passengers’ was enhanced with value additions to the accommodations and activities. Architecture additions connected with water travel were similarly limited until very recently. INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA I N T R O D U C T I O N 4
  17. 17. 4.4 CRUISE TOURISM:GLOBAL SENERIO At global level, tourism has emerged as one of the major economic activities today. In 1995, the World Tourist arrival were about 567.4 million of which Europe’s share way by America with 20 % . The share of South Asian region was an abysmally low 0.8 % According to WTO estimates, Europe will continue to remain the most popular tourist destination with about 717 million tourist estimated for the year 2020. International tourists arrival in South Asia is expected at 19 million in 2020, which is almost 5 times that of 1995, but still quite low as compared to other destinations. India is expected to fuel 4.5 times growth in international tourist arrivals, more than half of the total arrivals in South Asia. World Tourists Arrivals In 2005 I N T R O D U C T I O N 5 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA
  18. 18. Asia has responded proactively to the global cruise tourism developments The response of Asia to the global cruise tourism activity has been significant and very meaningful. The Asia-Pacific region, which includes South Pacific, Southeast Asia, Far East & Trans-Pacific, experienced a growth of 134% during the 2010-2020 period reaching a figure of 3.1 million nights and a global market share of 4.5%. The heightened activity in Asia in building cruise ports and terminals demonstrates the positive market trends and potential for cruise tourism in the region. I N T R O D U C T I O N 6 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA Cruise Industry Snapshot 2014  21 million worldwide guests in 2013 • 7% average annual passenger growth rate since 1990 • 310 ships with approximately 440,000 berths in 2014 • 28 new vessel deliveries expected 2014-2018 • Steadily increasing capacity pushes cruise lines to expand beyond their traditional markets: a “supply driven” industry • Ships are steadily getting bigger, increasing the requirements on port infrastructure to adequately support calls.
  19. 19.  18 out of 28 ships scheduled for delivery through 2016 will exceed 100,000 gross tons; 16 ships > 125,000 tons .  New building pace slowed but steady: +/- 6 ships annually compared to 11+/- in past five years.  Deployment Stability; slowing expansion of ships in all markets.  Increasingly targeting non-US source markets for customers.  International sourcing <+; today, North Americans < 50% of customers.  New Brands continue to appear: “Viking Ocean” New Chinese brands about to start Cruise Industry Profitability  3 publicly traded cruise companies are 85% of the industry: CCL, RCL, NCL  Gross sales grow relatively steadily as fleets grow .  Increasing net profits is more challenging .  Maintaining growth requires enormous amounts of capital investment.  International diversification requires investment in international sales, marketing and distribution (Germany, Brazil, Australia, now China…) I N T R O D U C T I O N 7 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA Cruise Industry financial snapshot Source: Cruise Port Criteria And Design- John Tercek
  20. 20. I N T R O D U C T I O N 8 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA Europe's top source market Source: Cruise Port Criteria And Design- John Tercek Who Is Cruising?... Todays Top 10 Sources Markets: Top source market Source: Cruise Port Criteria And Design- John Tercek Who Is Cruising?... Europe’s Top 10 Sources Markets:
  21. 21. I N T R O D U C T I O N 9 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA Emerging Sources Markets: Emerging source market Source: Cruise Port Criteria And Design- John Tercek Cruise industry world development Source: Cruise Port Criteria And Design- John Tercek Cruise Industry World Development:
  22. 22. 4.5 CRUISE TOURISM : INDIAN SENERIO International Tourists In India The Eight Five Year Plan of the Government of India had envisaged a growth target of 12% per annum in international tourist arrivals during the Plan period. The actual figures however fell short substantially due to various socio-political unrest across the globe and in the country as well and registered an average annual growth rate of 8% only. YEAR TARGET( in millions) Actual ( in million) % Variation 2005 1.68 1.68 - 2006 1.83 1.87 +0.01 2007 1.99 1.76 -11.56 2008 2.17 1.89 -12.90 2009 2.36 2.12 -10.17 Today cruise arrivals constitute less than 0.5% of the country’s foreign arrivals though the fact that international tourist arrivals in India have shown a steady increase over the years proves that India has a lot of appeal in the international market. International Tourists Arrivals in India I N T R O D U C T I O N 10 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA
  23. 23. India today is poised for making a significant mark in the international tourism scenario. WTTC projects India’s travel and tourism industry to grow at CAGR of 7.5% up to 2014 much above the expected growth in South East Asia and the world aggregate level. The WTO projects an annual average growth rate of 6.2% in South Asia over a larger timeframe till 2020. To realise this growth target, it would be essential for India to explore all avenues escalating tourism activity in the country including the extremely attractive area of cruise tourism in which the country has much to offer. FORECAST The forecast given in the table are based on past trends and do not take into account the changes which have been taking place and various contributory factors, which include the following:  The process of economic liberalization and globalization initiated since july, 2007 and the consequent increases in foreign investment in the tourism sector.  The changes that are taking place in the air transportation industry including liberal policy on bilateral agreements liberalized charter policy , privatization of airports and air services etc.  Greater momentum in the domestic investment in tourism infrastructure.  Greater awareness on the part of State/Union Territory Governments about the economic benefits of tourism and  Overall developments in the basic infrastructural sectors like airports, air and rail services, special roads and road transport system, telecommunication facilities, power, etc. I N T R O D U C T I O N 11 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA
  24. 24. In view of the above factors , the Working Group on Tourism for the Ninth Plan has assumed a growth forecast of 8% per annum is given Forecast of International Tourist Arrivals Based on Modified Growth Rate of 8% per annum I N T R O D U C T I O N 12 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA Year Tourist Arrivals(Thousands) 2007 15336 2008 15762 2009 16224 2010 26722 2011 27259 2012 27889 2013 28112 2014 29899 2015 35000 2016 36500 2017 36899 2018 37000 2019 38000 2020 40000
  25. 25. 4.6 CRUISE TOURISM : REGIONAL SENERIO I N T R O D U C T I O N 13 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA Foreign Tourist To Goa Goa has been one of the major tourist destinations in India for Foreign visitors 11% of the total foreigners visiting the country as is visible. Year Foreign visitors to India (million) Foreign visitors to Goa (million) % 2005 1.68 0.078 4.64 2006 1.87 0.120 6.42 2007 1.76 0.170 9.66 2008 1.89 0.210 11.11 2009 2.12 0.230 10.85 2010 2.26(P) 0.240 10.62 2011 2.40(P) 0.260 10.83 2012 2.55(P) 0.280 10.98 2013 2.37(actual) 0.280 11.98 82% 18% Share of foreign tourist in 2013 Rest of India Goa During the years from 2005 to 2013, the share of foreign tourists as share of total tourists visiting Goa has considerably increased from 11.83% in 2005 to 22.39% in 2013 as shown in the table. This is significantly higher than the normal trend of about 3.37% (2008) of foreign tourists observed in India.
  26. 26. Statistics showing preference to goa by foreign tourists EXISTING TERMINAL There is one Vasco port called Mormugoa port trust. Water Transport services and communication crafts in existence for instance between Goa and rest of the world is carried from this port. This port serves for both cargo and passengers cruise liners. But due to the demand of Goa and also the cargo exported and imported is iron ore , thus it becomes difficult for the passengers and also for cruise liners to drop the passengers at this Mormugoa port. AIMS, OBJECTIVES & SCOPE. This will intentionally bring the cruise passengers and also more beneficial to the state and the country for earning foreign currencies. This will thus increase the tourism for the Goa. “365 DAYS ON A HOLIDAY “, GOA Everything included”. As the tourism in Goa is increasing day by day as shown in the statistics of the Goa 2015 master plan, Goa can fully survive on its own upon the tourism. I N T R O D U C T I O N 14 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA
  27. 27. CASE STUDIES
  28. 28. CASE STUDY 1- SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL
  29. 29. C A S E S T U D Y 15 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL Location SHANGHAI Site And Surroundings Located at the North Bund Area in Hongkou District near downtown, this terminal has been under construction since 2004, and the whole project • LOCATION: Shanghai, China • BUILT IN: 2004 • BUILTUP AREA: • CLIMATE: Humid subtropical climate • CRUISE VESSELS IN 2014: 250 • PASSENGERS HANDLED IN 2014:500 000 including the passenger port, Shanghai International Port Group Building, and some corresponding business establishments.
  30. 30. C A S E S T U D Y 16 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA -1stFLOORPLAN
  31. 31. C A S E S T U D Y 17 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA -2ndFLOORPLAN
  32. 32. C A S E S T U D Y 18 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA -3rdFLOORPLAN
  33. 33. 19 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA -4thFLOORPLAN C A S E S T U D Y
  34. 34. 20 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA SITESECTIONA-A SITESECTIONB-B C A S E S T U D Y
  35. 35. 21 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA C A S E S T U D Y INTERIORS Inside the Wave Facades, forming winter garden spaces populated with colourful balconies, to become 'hanging gardens‘. Vibrant colors, voids and various textures, materials, patterns and lines constitute part of the interiors. The concoction of materials and colors creates the fun, loving diverse environment.
  36. 36. 22 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA C A S E S T U D Y EXTERIOR FACADE The glass facades peel out along the base to shelter a pedestrian route along the newly formed public park. 400-metre long herringbone steel and glass skin. The facade is 12,000m2 of post-tensioned glass, a visually delicate double skin that has an important environmentally sustainable role to play. Due to the southern exposure of the site, the wave facade, which contains an integrated dot matrix pattern, shades the interior spaces during the summer and prevents glare during the winter, whilst opening up panoramic views towards the waterfront
  37. 37. 23 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA C A S E S T U D Y CONCLUSION: All six buildings which constitute this architectural development offer a diverse mixture of business and leisure facilities for the end-users at the Shanghai International Cruise Terminal, aiming at establishing Shanghai’s status as an essential commerce and tourism center. The interiors of these six buildings more or less follow the concept of the exterior landscaping and architecture. They consist of elements which seem as sculpted holes which appear and disappear, just like the exterior landscaping where by law 50 percent of the terminal is required to be above ground level and the other 50 below. Vibrant colors, voids and various textures, materials, patterns and lines constitute part of the interiors. Egg-like sculpted forms create part of the voids in the buildings which have glass ceilings thus allowing abundant of natural light into the buildings; another element of sustainable design rather than using artificial lighting. The concoction of materials and colors creates the fun, loving diverse environment which architects wanted to approach in their design in order to make this architecture a reality according to the needs of their client. Shanghai, the Cruise Terminal District combines creative innovation with low carbon technologies, to deliver a new and vibrant destination in Shanghai.
  38. 38. CASE STUDY 2- YOKAHAMA INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL
  39. 39. 24 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA C A S E S T U D Y YOKOHAMA INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL Location YOKOHAMA • LOCATION: Yokahama, Japan • BUILT IN: 2001 • BUILTUP AREA: 30,100SQM • CLIMATE: Humid subtropical climate • CRUISE VESSELS IN 2014: 220 • PASSENGERS HANDLED IN 2014:300 000 The International Passenger Terminal in Yokohama is the largest marine terminal in Japan. The site had a pivotal role along the city's water front that, if declared a public space, would present Yokohama City with a continuous structure of open public spaces along the waterfront Site And Surroundings
  40. 40. 23 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA C A S E S T U D Y 25
  41. 41. 26 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA C A S E S T U D Y Flow Analysis Of Domestic Terminal Flow Analysis Of International Terminal ARRIVAL FLOW DEPARTURE FLOW BUGGAGE FLOW ARRIVAL FLOW DEPARTURE FLOW BUGGAGE FLOW
  42. 42. 27 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA C A S E S T U D Y Section Through Parking Section Through Arrival And Departure Hall Section Through Customs And Immigrations Section Through Roof Plaza Auditorium
  43. 43. 28 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA C A S E S T U D Y Structural system The terminal is a shed building measuring 412 meters in length and composed of 27 steel trusses averaging 42.5 meters in span and placed at 16 meter intervals. The trusses are joined longitudinally by trussed members of conventional configuration, and purlins carrying, either metal cladding or glazing. The trusses are carried on concrete piers extending from the basement parking level through the apron to the surface of the main level. The large shed employs a unified form through repetitive structural units to enclose a single homogeneous space. The transformation yields a complex of spaces that smoothly incorporates the multiple terminal, civic and garden programmes within and below its span
  44. 44. 29 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA C A S E S T U D Y INTERIORS Parking: The first floor is dedicated for parking approximately 400 standard-sized passenger cars, including 28 spaces that can accommodate coaches Lobby: The information desk and check-in counters are located in the 4,400㎡ lobby along with a café and seven shops. The 35m long check-in counters on either side of the Lobby handle the boarding procedures and luggage delivery services. 2. Cruise Decks: The fences are folded Inwards all along the deck to provide room for the connecting boarding bridges. These boarding bridges are required to allow the passengers to safely board and disembark from the docked ships. 4. CIQ Facilities (CIQ Plaza): CIQ (Customs, Immigration and Quarantine) facilities are for those passengers arriving On foreign cruise ships who are required to go through the customs, immigration and quarantine procedures. The total area is approximately 3,000㎡.The conveyor belts provided on both sides of the Plaza can send the passengers’ baggage, which has been unloaded from ships onto the apron on the 1st floor, up to the CIQ facilities for inspection.
  45. 45. 30 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA C A S E S T U D Y Rooftop Plaza: The rooftop level is open 24 hours, an open-air plaza furnished with wooden decks and natural grass lawns. The Rooftop Plaza is one of the best locations to enjoy the scenery of the Yokohama waterfront district. On a clear day, you can also see Mt. Fuji in the distance. Outdoor Event Plaza: The space near the entrance to the Osanbashi Hall can be used as a stage for events like mini-concerts and dance performances, with the surrounding steps functioning as audience seat ROOFTOP
  46. 46. 31 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA C A S E S T U D Y CONCLUSION: The Yokahama passenger terminal is a perfect example of tourist friendly terminal. Its unique architecture is very welcoming. All the facilities provided meet the needs of the international cruise terminal. More importantly the spaces in the terminal building are barrier free. The plaza provided at the rooftop is one the special features of this design. The interior spaces are one of the most well planned amongst all the cruise terminal in Japan. The technology used in terms of architecture as well as electronics is advanced. Thus these qualities makes this cruise terminal one of the most modern cruise terminal in the world.
  47. 47. CASE STUDY 3- MUMBAI INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL
  48. 48. 32 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA C A S E S T U D Y Location MUMBAI • LOCATION: Mumbai, India • BUILT IN: 2000 • BUILTUP AREA: 5000sqm • CLIMATE: Hot And Humid climate • CRUISE VESSELS IN 2014: 15 • PASSENGERS HANDLED IN 2014:25,000 Site And Surroundings MUMBAI INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL Mumbai Port has long been the principal gateway to India and has played a pivotal role in the development of the national economy, trade & commerce and prosperity of Mumbai city in particular. The port has achieved this position through continuous endeavor to serve the changing needs of maritime trade.
  49. 49. 33 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA C A S E S T U D Y GROUND FLOOR PLAN 1st FLOOR PLAN 2nd FLOOR PLAN
  50. 50. 34 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA C A S E S T U D Y INTERIORS Passageway from terminal building to vessel parking Duty free Stairwell Storage spaces Passenger hallway with all security check-ins
  51. 51. 35 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA C A S E S T U D Y EXTERIORS Loading/unloading bays with parking facilities Front façade of the terminal Drop off point for the terminal
  52. 52. 36 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA C A S E S T U D Y CONCLUSION: The luxury and comfort associated with cruise vessels translates into a demand for superior infrastructure and facilities even at the ports-of-call of the cruise vessel. A high average spending by cruise tourists has given the sector a high preference in most economies that have a seacoast to offer. The Mumbai international cruise terminal provides the maximum facilities in India as compared to other terminals. Still it lacks in its infrastructure facilities provided. The planning and zoning of the terminal building is a very simply flow thus making it tourist friendly. The spaces are well planned and are also user friendly. Thus these qualities make the Mumbai cruise terminal the best in India. The terminal building is only used when the vessel arrives. There are no activities carried otherwise. Thus it is not maintained from time to time.
  53. 53. CASE STUDY 4- COCHIN INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL
  54. 54. 37 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA C A S E S T U D Y Location COCHIN • LOCATION: Cochin, India • BUILT IN: 2005 • BUILTUP AREA: 7000 sqm • CLIMATE: Hot And Humid climate • CRUISE VESSELS IN 2014: 15 • PASSENGERS HANDLED IN 2014:25,000 COCHIN INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL Site And Surroundings: Cochin Port is a major port on the Arabian Sea – Indian Ocean sea-route and is one of the largest ports in India. The port lies on two islands in the Lake of Kochi: Willingdon Island and Vallarpadam, towards the Fort Kochi river mouth opening onto the Arabian Sea. The port is governed by the Cochin Port Trust (CPT), a government of India establishment. The modern port was established in 1926 and has completed 86 years of active service.
  55. 55. 38 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA C A S E S T U D Y FLOORPLAN ViewShowingParkingOfVesselViewShowingTheTerminalAndVesselParking
  56. 56. 39 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA C A S E S T U D Y INTERIORS Small Hall 75x20m Passenger Hall Roof With Skylight
  57. 57. 40 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA C A S E S T U D Y EXTERIORS Front Of The Terminal Sea Side Of The Terminal Showing Parking Front Façade Of The Terminal
  58. 58. 41 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA C A S E S T U D Y CONCLUSION Cochin Port has been a pioneer in promoting cruise tourism and has witnessed an encouraging growth in the arrival of luxury cruise liners to its shore. The slew of cruise tourism friendly business initiatives of Cochin Port has led to Cochin emerging as the most preferred cruise destination in India. Samudrika is a user friendly terminal as its facilities are easily dismantled and is used for convention etc during off season. All the basic and necessary facilities are provided thus making it an efficient terminal.
  59. 59. DATA COLLECTION
  60. 60. 7.1 INTRODUCTION 42 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA The data collection in this section will help in forming standards for various spaces for the cruise terminal. Source: Neuferts Standard Edition 3 Functional diagram for the terminal D A T A C O L L E C T I O N As the topic is a cruise terminal there are mainly services which are to be taken care of .Also the spaces in the terminal have to meet the requirements and the standards. Various circulation patterns are studied which helps in planning of the terminal 7.2 TERMINAL SPACES
  61. 61. 43 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA Arrival Passenger And Luggage Flow Diagram Source: Passenger Terminal Guide D A T A C O L L E C T I O N Departure Passenger And Luggage Flow Diagram Source: Passenger Terminal Guide 7.3 TERMINAL CIRCULATION
  62. 62. 7.4 SPACE REQUIREMENT AND ACCESS iv INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA Space Requirement For People Source: Neuferts Standard Edition 3 D A T A C O L L E C T I O N Space Requirement For People Source: Neuferts Standard Edition 3 44
  63. 63. 7.5 SHOPS Self service shelves Source: Neuferts Standard Edition 3 Minimum width of a shop – 4.0m, preferably 5.0m Source: Neuferts Standard Edition 3 Source: Neuferts Standard Edition 3 Section through small check- out position Plan of a check out position giving minimum dimensions 45 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA The accompanying graphics show the various configurations of shelf arrangements in a shop. The aisle widths and arrangement of shops will determine the planning with respect to the overall terminal D A T A C O L L E C T I O N
  64. 64. 46 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA 7.6 RESTAURENTS Toilet Facilities Walkway Widths Total Space Requirements For Dining Rooms 1.4-1.6 Sqm/ Place Aisle Widths Source: Neuferts Standard Edition 3 D A T A C O L L E C T I O N
  65. 65. 47 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA D A T A C O L L E C T I O N 7.7 KITCHEN Flow of kitchen with dining and other services Source: Neuferts Standard Edition 3 Source: Neuferts Standard Edition 3 Hot kitchens: finishing zones and some or all of the equipment depends on their main function. The main units should be arranged in a block in kitchens serving more than 100-200 meals than 330 sqm of space available Production in line 1. Cooker 2. Deep fat fryer 3. Griddle 4. Water boiler 5. Work surface 6. Cooker 7. Double-deck oven 8. Convectomat 9. Hand basin 10. storage Basic organization of kitchen Production in block Source: Neuferts Standard Edition 3
  66. 66. 48 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA 7.8 TRAVELATORS ESCALATORS Travellator cross section and foundation diagram Cross section One person with trolly-80 cm 2 people with trolly-1 m Travellator and escalator are means of conveying people horizontally or slightly inclined plane. No of people using this can be as high as 6000-12000 people/hr. Source: Neuferts Standard Edition 3 Escalator cross section and foundation diagram D A T A C O L L E C T I O N
  67. 67. 7.9 LIFTS Different kinds of lifts can be used in the terminal . Being a cruise terminal a capsule lift would be most ideal to provide Octagonal car shape Hexagonal shape Semi-circular shape Circular shape Source: Neuferts Standard Edition 3 Source: Neuferts Standard Edition 3 Panoramic lift Lift on the inside of a building 49 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA D A T A C O L L E C T I O N
  68. 68. INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA D A T A C O L L E C T I O N 7.10 MUSEUMS Circulation pattern Exhibition room with side light Field of vision- height , size and distance Well- lit exhibition hall Ideal uniform lighting from both sides Source: Neuferts Standard Edition 3 50
  69. 69. INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA D A T A C O L L E C T I O N 7.11 LIGHTING Direct symmetrical illumination Wall flood; direct illumination Wall flood on a power supply rail; partial room illumination Wall floodlight Directional spotlights Indirect lighting Spotlight on power supply rail Wall flood on power supply rail Direct, symmetrical lighting is preferred for all general illumination of work rooms, meeting rooms, rooms in public use and circulation zones. Down lights (wall floods, louvre lighting) can provide wall illumination while the effect on the rest of the room is that of direct lighting. Wall floods on a power supply rail can also give uniform wall illumination over the required area. Wall flood for ceiling installation can be sited so as to provide low room light or illumination of one wall . 51
  70. 70. 52 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA 7.12 FIRE FIGHTING Example of 30 min double door 60 min fire resistance, heat radiation resistant 90 min fire resistance, heat radiation resistant Source: Neuferts Standard Edition 3 D A T A C O L L E C T I O N
  71. 71. 53 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA 7.12 FIRE FIGHTING Source: Neuferts Standard Edition 3 General arrangement of a sprinkler system Source: Neuferts Standard Edition 3 Spray characteristics of an umbrella sprinkler Spray characteristics of a normal sprinkler D A T A C O L L E C T I O N
  72. 72. 7.13 LOADING/UNLOADING 54 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA Gaps between dock ramps and vehicles have to be safely bridged to allow loading and unloading operations to be carried out easily and smoothly. Portable loading bridges can be rolled and carried , and can also be used for loading on railway tracks Portable loading platform Flexible loading using a steel plate Close to rear axle, using a jacking system Permanent or portable dock leveler Loading bay Ground level bay, loading with lifting tables or ramps Loading bay with canopy and hydraulic dock loading ramps Indoor loading with hydraulic dock loading ramps Source: Neuferts Standard Edition 3 Normal turning circle dimensions for a truck with a rigid chassis and long wheelbase Normal turning circle dimensions for a 15m long articulated truck D A T A C O L L E C T I O N
  73. 73. 55 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA 7.14 CAR PARKING Parking parallel to road 30 deg oblique spaces Standard car dimensions 45 deg oblique parking-one way 60 deg oblique parking-one way 45 deg angled parking- one way Parking for one way traffic 60 deg angled parking- one way 90 deg angled parking- one way Oblique parking layout 90 deg angled parking- two way- 2.30 m wide 90 deg angled parking- two way- 2.50 m wide Stop rails and buffers Source: Neuferts Standard Edition 3 D A T A C O L L E C T I O N
  74. 74. 7.15 BUS DIMINSION 56 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA D A T A C O L L E C T I O N
  75. 75. 57 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA 7.16 DRAFT SIZES OF VARIOUS CRUISES Draft of various cruises helps to select the site as the depth varies. These also help to know if the cruise with that much depth can embark at a particular port D A T A C O L L E C T I O N
  76. 76. 7.17 MATERIALS Fixed piers are open to a wide range of construction material, steel, concrete & timber is the most common and combination of these materials is used. In constant water level areas a fixed system is an obvious choice, piles may be driven and capped off 610- 914 mm above the surfaces of the beam and dickey being constructed immediately above.  SELECTION OF MOORING SYSTEMS DEPENDS UPON SEVERAL FACTORS: a. Tidal range. b. The quality of the bed or holding ground. c. To what extent the site is sheltered. d. The depth of water. e. The speed and direction of the expected currents. f. Wind speeds and wave height. g. Capital and maintenance costs. 7.17.a CONCRETE:  May be aerated or high strength material.  The float is molded around a collapsible former, or else made in two halves afterwards joined and sealed.  One good system in the United States is the “Bercleve Uniflat” – Texturing the top surface gives a cool and non-slip surface.  All services including lighting etc. are supplied  Cracking and leaking were disadvantages of this material but advances in quality control have improved reliability. 7.17 b PLASTIC: • The generic term includes expanded polystyrene, fiberglass, etc. • None are affected by insects through crustacea adhere to them and are difficult to remove without the cellular tapes. 58 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA D A T A C O L L E C T I O N
  77. 77. • Expanded polystyrene can be affected by pitch, tar, petrol, oil and detergents. Where this is likely it is best to specify glass- reinforced cement coatings. • Formed plastics may be moulded to hold services ducts or galleries, whether these are lined with plastic conduit depends upon their positions, but care is needed at points of articulation • Uncoated foam may tend to crumble at the surface which, whilst quite harmless and not affecting buoyancy litters the surface of the water with white particles. The Construction of jetty is wholly of R.C.C. The land under reclamation is 17,757 SQ.m and is reclaimed by the soil of the Dredgingand the countour cut and fill and the top soil is covered with part of garden soil for the 59 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA D A T A C O L L E C T I O N
  78. 78. 7.18 LANDSCAPING No aspects of the development impress the public more than the knowledge that the eventual scheme will hormonise with the existing environment. GENERAL LANDSCAPE DESIGN PRINCIPLES – WATERFRONT SIRE: • Here the scheme deals almost solely with hard surfaces, changing levels the selection of materials and skillful manipulation of the spaces between buildings. • The water surface itself offers qualities- choppy, reflective, opaque, transport – each capable of exploitation by a creative designer. • Here the aim is to combine with the buildings equipment, boats, water, roads and car parks, knitting them together and enhancing them individually. BASIC ELEMENTS: • Considering the hot, humid, climate of Bombay, it seems natural for luxurious planting wherever possible, to border and even overhand the water. • Inland marines/ harbour spaces and built-in coastal types allow for water beyond the harbour to be seen through the trees, while in an off-shore marina planting stops behind the land/water interface to give a hard edged immediately between sheltered and open water. • Planting should look natural than imposed. • Landscaping should not be confined to the most obvious areas of garden and lawn. Car parks look a lot worse empty than full, when they are unrelieved asphalt, then can with advantage be reduced in level, surfaced with. • Grass blocks, enlivened with groups of trees, screened with plating or walls. • Using screens and hedges. a. To relate buildings to the site and to each other and to link external spaces. b. To demarcate boundaries and areas. c. To accommodate changes in level and ground monitoring. d. To shelter from wind, dust, strong and noise. e. To give privacy, screening and visual barrier and security. f. To form spaces by enclosing or dividing areas. g. To direct pedestrian circulation. 60 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA D A T A C O L L E C T I O N
  79. 79. h. To channels views to or away from building or objects. i. To provide contrast in form, texture and colour with building, pavings or water. j. To contrast with or complement sculpture. With urban sites, buildings often divert the winds natural course, funneling and increasing its force until intolerable conditions are created. Long, low structures, such as high walls or terraces of buildings provide sheltered areas with some alleviation on the windward side and 10 times their height on the leeward site. However, the ends of such structures are particularly turbulent, the wind reducing towards their center. If the wind direction is parallel to the structures- funneling may occur. Solid structures always induce turbulence and openings act like weirs. Screens are sometimes beneficial in breaking the force at troublesome points. A decision to use trees however requires allocation of space at the design stage, as they need space in which to grow. For quick screening graded earth banks may be used as a start, perhaps by employing dredged material. Their lees can shelter quick growing hedges, trees environmental and economic appraisal . INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA D A T A C O L L E C T I O N 61
  80. 80. 7.19 ENVIRONMENTAL SIGNIFICANCE: • The project will not appreciably change the topography or ground relief features. • The project will not lead to an increase in air pollution emissions. • It will not result in an increase in the rate of use of any natural resources. BIOLOGICAL: • It is not established that the project will result in change in the diversity of species of trees, shrubs, grass, etc. • The project will not result in remove or detrimental of existing fish habitat. SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC: • The proposal will not directly or indirectly cause disruption of orderly planned development but instead will accelerate the planned development. • The project will after location, distribution and growth rate of population in Goa, especially in the Panaji area and also after the neighborhood character. • The project will not divide or disrupt the established community. • The project will affect the property values of Entire Goa, and especially Panaji area. The project will alter the present patterns of travel and result in alternations to road and rail traffic. • The project will support large commercial development at Panaji. INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA D A T A C O L L E C T I O N 62
  81. 81. 7.20 GENERAL DESIGN PRINCIPLES The land to water area in each case remains equivalent and constant but shapes and relationships vary. In fact in such design problems, • The geography determines the engineering • The engineering determines the profile • The layout determines the architecture. The environment of the coast is harsh and water transportation facilities must be designed to withstand the various destructive biological, physical , chemical and mechanical actions which is inherent to the environment. 7.20.a WIND: It is approximate movement of air-masses across the earth’s surface. Winds result from changes in temperature of atmosphere and corresponding changes in air density. Wind exerts a pressure on objects in its path which depends on wind velocity. Should be remembered that loading equipment will not generally be used when winds exerts about 15 mile/hr and ships will not usually remain along side a wharf during a severe storm. 7.20.b WAVES: Winds contribute to the formation of waves. When a wind moves across a body of water it exerts a tangential force on the water surface which results in the formation of small ripples. These irregularities seem to produce changes in air stress above the water . Pressure differentials are caused which make the water undulate. As wind continues, this process is repeated as waves grow. 7.20. c WAVE REFRACTION: Waves when approach the shore at an oblique angle, the portion of the wave nearest to shore slows down with the result that the wave swings around and becomes parallel to the shore. At the same time, wave lengths decrease as wave period remain constant. 63 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA D A T A C O L L E C T I O N
  82. 82. 7.20.d SIZE AND SHAPE OF HARBOUR AND MOORING BASIN: Types of harbours: a) Offshore type has minimum land take • Minimum dredging • Expensive in deep waters • Vulnerable to weather, currents • Navigational hazard b) SEMI RECESSED TYPE: This type is good for cut and fill economies however it may pose a navigational hazard. c) BUILT IN TYPE: Good for cut and fill economies however it may pose a navigational hazard. d) LAND LOCKED TYPE : Gives a maximum sense of enclosures and minimum interface with shorelines. Here disadvantages may be distance from water. NOTE: The land and water area in each case remains equivalent and constant through shapes and relationship may vary as land wraps around the water. The minimum harbour area is the space required for berthing ramps plus the turning basis in front of them. 64 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA D A T A C O L L E C T I O N
  83. 83. 7.20.e BREAKWATERS: Requirement of protection of artificial and semi natural harbours. They are constructions of linear nature with water on either side. Except for floating types they rise from the bed of sea and are visible above surface at all times. Jetties, Wharves, Piers may cut as breakwater but not all break water are jetties. 7.20.f BOAT HANDLING: GANTRIES: These are fixed frameworks supporting one or two overhead trolleys-rails, the craft being cradled and hoisted in slings suspended from them. The simplest type straddle a docking area. 7.20.g SITING OF BREAKWATER: The selection of most suitable arrangement will depend principally upon the direction of maximum waves and its effectiveness in quitting the harbour may be checked by model tests. 65 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA D A T A C O L L E C T I O N
  84. 84. 66 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA WHEN WRONGLY POSITIONED: 1) ENCOURAGEMENT OF POLLUTION: For example – Sanford, Florida where at certain times, large quantities of weeks pour in through the entrance. 2) STRUCTURAL FAILURE: Due to wrong positioning in respect of the direction of approach of damaging weather is not uncommon. It is better to ward off the attacking wave than to attempt resistance by strength alone. 3) PROMOTION OF SILTATION AND EROSION: An optimum position is chosen in relation to know currents, drifting and bed material than sanitation and erosion or both can be a real problem not only at the marine site but at a considerable distance from it. 4) PARTICULAR CASE HAS TO BE TAKEN AT THE ENTRANCE: If it is too narrow it gives a funneling effect, if it is too much wild it gives insufficient protection from greasy seas. D A T A C O L L E C T I O N
  85. 85. 7.20.f PILES: Three main categories of piles: 1) Those supporting structure such as jetties, fixed moorings, gentries or hoists ( complex structures, supporting piles and buildings). 2) Those restraining floaty moorings (simple free standing columns). 3) Those supporting perimeter bulk heads or quays (sheet piles). The three principle materials are timber, concrete and steel selecting a suitable type. Many piles are combinations of materials, particularly R.C.C. which will display good and bad qualities of both the materials. Piles may be round, square or octagonal and in length straight or tapered. Hollow piles are generally filled in with concrete or R.C.C. core. The strength of piles varies according to whether there is a variable tidal range or is a locked water area, where the relationship between the water levels and waterways is constant. MATERIALS, PLANNING AND CONSIDERATIONS: All the materials used are exposed to high winds and damp ground conditions, hence the materials to be avoided are: a) Untreated timber b) Rendering c) Unpointed brickwork d) Light weight metals for roofs e) Tile hanging f) Large paves of glass 67 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA Piles supporting jetties Piles restraining floaty moorings D A T A C O L L E C T I O N
  86. 86. 7.20 h DREDGING General: Dredging is defined as “ excavating underwater”. This excavation is carried out to increase the depth of waterway, to provide sufficient draft for ships in harbours, entrances to docks, etc. Action of waves and tides tend to deposit sand and silt within maritime enclosures and navigable rivers. During ebb tides, certain amount of scouring takes place, but still a large deposit remains uncleared reducing the navigable depths. Dredge or Dredger is the name applied to the equipment which carries out this deepening or dredging work. Thus, a dredge is an earth-moving machine which is designed to increase the depth of water by removing the bed material of water surface. The dredging may either be capital dredging or maintenance dredging. In capital dredging, the required depth of water at a particular place is obtained and it is then maintained regularly to have a convenient harbour. Thus, capital dredging indicates initial removal of material and the material removed by be anything from rock to silt. In case of maintenance dredging, the depth of water is maintained by carrying out dredging operations periodically and it is quite clear that the material obtained during maintenance dredging will be in the form of fresh deposits such as sand and silt only. 68 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA D A T A C O L L E C T I O N
  87. 87. It may be noted that maintenance dredging is one of the important activity at all the harbours and there is no harbour worth the name where maintenance dredging is not required. It may be noted that ports have been shifted in the past simply because the harbour or the entrance to it got silted up. Similarly, many harbours have been abandoned because of difficulties involving the overcoming of silting of harbour or for providing more depth of water to ships of big size Sea going dredges of this type have a size varying from 45 m to 140 m in length and 9 m to 30 m in width. The digging depths vary from 4.50 m to 15 m. The machinery is operated either by steam power or electric power. The pump is a special type of centrifugal pump capable of handling heavy particles of dirt and rock brought out in dredging. This type of dredge is very effective in beds of sand, silt, mud and clay in open water and is an excellent machine to clear sand bars. If big boulders or tree stumps are met with, they will have to be lifted out before putting the cutter to work. Gravel and soft rocks are easily reduced by the cutter. 69 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA D A T A C O L L E C T I O N
  88. 88. DESIGN BRIEF AND ANALYSIS
  89. 89. SR.NO SPACE CASE STUDY DERIVATION REASON FOR AREA DERIVATION FINAL AREA (SQM) ACCOUNTS DEPARTMENT 1 Accounts and record keeping Ranges from 1.2- 1.5 sqm. per person Avg. 1.2 sqm with storage space 20 sqm 2 Cash Flow Analysis Ranges from 1.2- 1.5 sqm. per person Avg. 1.2 sqm 20 sqm 3 Salary Administration Ranges from 1.2- 1.5 sqm. per person Avg. 1.2 sqm 20 sqm 4 Insurance – Taxation Ranges from 1.2- 1.5 sqm. per person Avg. 1.2 sqm 20 sqm OFFICE REQUIREMENTS 5 Terminal Manager Ranges from 1.2- 1.5 sqm. per person Includes 1 managers cabin- 25 sqm 25 sqm 6 Secretary and staff waiting Ranges from 1.2- 1.5 sqm. per person Avg. 1.2 sqm 30 sqm 7 Duty officer Ranges from 1.2- 1.5 sqm. per person Avg. 1.2 sqm 25 sqm 8 Security chief Ranges from 1.2- 1.5 sqm. per person Avg. 1.2 sqm 25 sqm 9 Technical chief Ranges from 1.2- 1.5 sqm. per person Avg. 1.2 sqm 25 sqm 10 Maintenance Office Ranges from 1.2- 1.5 sqm. per person Avg. 1.2 sqm 25 sqm 11 Staff/ Officer Office Ranges from 1.2- 1.5 sqm. per person Avg. 1.2 sqm 25 sqm 12 Announcement Room Avg 15 sqm - 15 sqm 13 Video Monitor Rooms Avg 30 sqm - 30 sqm 14 Conference Rooms 1 nos. Taking 2 sqm into 30 people that is 60 + 20 sqm circulation 80 sqm 15 Toilets 4 wes per 100 people as per standards 16 Life Guard - As per case study 20 sqm 17 Fire fighting Office with parking for fire engines Avg 1.2-1.5 per person Avg 75 sqm per engine Office- 30 sqm+ 20 sqm storage 2 engines Parking =150+100 =250 50 sqm 250 sqm 18 AC Plant Rooms 50sqm D E S I G N B R I E F A N D A N A L Y S I S 71
  90. 90. SR. NO SPACE CASE STUDY DERIVATION REASON FOR AREA DERIVATION FINAL AREA (SQM) ARRIVAL SPACES REQUIREMENT: 21 Passenger Hall Ranges from 1.2-1.5 sqm. per person Taking 1.5 sqm per person into consideration with 2500 passengers 2500 sqm 22 Ship arrival Lounge with corridor Ranges from 1.2-1.5 sqm. per person 100 people 120 sqm 23 Immigration and check ins Avg 1 counter per 300 people As per case study 100 sqm 24 Information Counter Avg 50 sqm - 50 sqm 25 Tourist Information Centre Avg 25sqm As per clients requirements 25 sqm 26 Child care centre - As per case study 30 sqm 28 Baggage lost and found - As per case study 40 sqm 29 Trolley rooms Avg 50-100sqm As per case study 50 sqm 30 Baggage handling including all back office work Avg between 300-500 sqm - 400 sqm 31 Duty free shop for Arrival - 3 nos – 4- sqm each 120 sqm 32 Bank Extension Counter - As per clients requirements 30 sqm 33 Rent-a-car counter 20 sqm As per clients requirements 20 sqm 34 Basic Kiosk - 5 no- 15 sqm each 65 sqm 35 First-aid Room - As per clients requirements 30 sqm 36 Café With Kitchen Avg 20-40 sqm As per clients requirements 30 sqm 37 Toilets - 15 wes per 3000 people as per standards D E S I G N B R I E F A N D A N A L Y S I S 72
  91. 91. SR.NO SPACE CASE STUDY DERIVATION REASON FOR AREA DERIVATION FINAL AREA (SQM) DEPARTURE SPACES REQUIREMENT: 38 Passenger hall Ranges from 1.2-1.5 sqm. per person Taking 1.0 sqm per person into consideration with 2500 passengers 2500 sqm 39 Ship Departure Lounge with corridor Ranges from 1.2-1.5 sqm. per person 100 people 120 sqm 40 Immigration and check ins Avg 1 counter per 300 people As per case study 100 sqm 41 Information Counters, with book offices Avg 50 sqm - 50 sqm 42 Child care centre - As per case study 30 sqm 44 Baggage lost and found - As per case study 40 sqm 45 Trolley rooms Avg 50-100sqm As per case study 50 sqm 46 Baggage handling including all back office work Avg between 300-500 sqm - 400 sqm 47 Duty free shop for departure - 3 nos – 4- sqm each 120 sqm 48 Bank Extension Counter - As per clients requirements 30 sqm 49 Basic Kiosk - 5 no- 15 sqm each 65 sqm 50 First-aid Room - As per clients requirements 30 sqm 51 Café With Kitchen Avg 20-40 sqm As per clients requirements 30 sqm 52 Toilets - 15 wes per 3000 people as per standards OTHER FACILITIES: 53 Restaurant with kitchen - 2 sqm per person (for 200 people) 200 sqm 55 Internet surfing booths - 8 booths - 3 sqm per booth 24 sqm 56 Toilets - 15 wes per 3000 people as per standards INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA D E S I G N B R I E F A N D A N A L Y S I S 73
  92. 92. INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA SR.NO SPACE CASE STUDY DERIVATION REASON FOR AREA DERIVATION FINAL AREA (SQM) OTHER STAFF FACILITIES 57 Staff lounge 50-100 sqm - 80 sqm 58 Staff sign in/sign out room - As per case study 25 sqm 60 Staff restrooms - 2 wes per ladies and gents washrooms 64 Security Staff Ranges from 1.2-1.5 sqm. per person 30 sqm 65 Store - As per clients requirements 20 sqm FOR MAINTAINANCE 66 Stores - As per clients requirements 68 Office administration Ranges from 1.2-1.5 sqm. per person 30 sqm TOTAL 12500 sqm CIRCULATION SPACE 12% of total area 1500 sqm 13500 sqm TOTAL BUILT UP 15,500 D E S I G N B R I E F A N D A N A L Y S I S 74
  93. 93. INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA SR.NO SPACE CASE STUDY DERIVATION REASON FOR AREA DERIVATION FINAL AREA (SQM) GROUND TRANSPORTATION MODES Bus lounge with parking for buses 6 BUSES- 75 SQM 450 sqm Taxi park area 20 TAXIS – 40 SQM 800 sqm Staff parking Considering 60 staff members 40 nos. 2 wheelers- 3sqm each and 20 cars-15sqm each 40x3=120 sqm 20x15=300sq m Total= 350 approx. 2000 sqm TOTAL AREA 17,700 sqm D E S I G N B R I E F A N D A N A L Y S I S 75
  94. 94. DESIGN APPROCH
  95. 95. After studying and analyzing the various examples of the cruise terminal documented earlier, a comparative approach to design data studied will help develop some strategies in the evolution of the design The strategies that have been derived as part of the design approach are: SITE SELECTION: Considering the conclusions from the case studies studied in the previous chapters , the selected site for the proposed cruise terminal shall the following major criteria: The site will be immediately next to a water body with draft of at least 12m to accommodate large vessels. Also more the length of the side of the structure abutting the sea, more the no of vessels that can be serviced by the terminal. Apart from these ,sites having good views of natural landscape or water bodies and in close proximity to the urban development should preferably be considered. DESIGN APPROACH 76 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA SITE D E S I G N A P P R O A C H
  96. 96. DEPARTURE SECURITY TO CITY WAITING INTERNET SHOPS CAFE IMMIGRATION TO SHIP SECURITY ARRIVAL PLANNING The above represents the general flow of passengers in the case studied documented. As a variation a plaza can be created as the focus of the terminal and the main area namely and passenger hall can be split onto two(one for arrivals and the other for departure) 77 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA The plaza acts as the heart of the design with all movement of traffic necessarily going through it. The terminal going through it. The terminal also could be designed as a journey with the plaza acting as one destination which is representative of why one goes on a cruise- to explore new places D E S I G N A P P R O A C H
  97. 97. INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA D E S I G N A P P R O A C H Different arrival/ departure will ease load on areas. It also makes segregation of areas easier. Inference from case studies: VIEW FACTOR Another important aspect to keep in mind is the water front, the vessels would block most of the view due to their sheer size so incase the site provides panoramic views of the city then care must be taken to maintain those vantage points to create points of interest 78
  98. 98. iv INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA D E S I G N A P P R O A C H BUILDING FORM REFERENCE FROM CASE STUDY The form of the building is usually rectangular shape which is long in shape. This form helps in functioning the arrival and departure halls also helps to carry the baggage handling. Standard form Final form of the terminal Desired elevation The inspiration for the roof is derived from the regional roofing style adding a little more vernacular touch
  99. 99. 79 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA D E S I G N A P P R O A C H BUILDING SERVICES: REFERENCE FROM CASE STUDY As shown in the above diagram, the services is usually at the sides of the building as it eases the accessibility to the terminal. As the site is more similar to the above type that can be reflected in the main design. DESIRED SERVICE AREA’S LOCATIONS The service areas at the extremes helps easy access. Service road is provided on both sides . HVAC yard is provided at buffered side of the site so avoid contact with public areas.
  100. 100. 80 INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA Beyond meeting functional and code requirements and maintenance considerations, it is important that they integrate with the surrounding context, the terminal buildings, and each other. The landscape elements, together with the terminal buildings, set an aesthetic tone and character for the terminal LANDSCAPE INSPIRATION FROM REGIONAL LANDSCAPE Natural landscape The natural landscape consist of lush green vegetation with slopes/counter and water body beside it. Traditional landscape It will normally comprise of large lawns with coconut trees. Contemporary landscape It is more modern approach towards the design aspect considering both natural landscape and traditional landscape as seen in the image DESIRED LANDSCAPE ELEMENTS AND DESIGNED lush green landscape of goa Water body which is one of the main feature of natural landscape of goa Combination of slopes/counters with the sand and the typical coconut trees which shows a Goan landscape at a glimpse. D E S I G N A P P R O A C H
  101. 101. SITE ANALYSIS
  102. 102. SITE SELECTION • Goa, a tiny emerald land on the west coast of India, the 25th State in the Union of States of India. • Goa covers an area of 3702 square kilometers and comprises two Revenue district viz North Goa and South Goa. • The entire State comprises 11 talukas. For the purpose of implementation of development programmes the State is divided into 12 community development blocks. INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA GOA 81 S I T E A N A L Y S I S
  103. 103. WHY GOA? Strengths • Goa has a rich inventory of World class tourism resources, both natural as well as manmade, they include: Picturesque landscape, beautiful mountains (the Western Ghats ) and serene rivers like the Mandovi, Zuari, etc. 105 km of palm-fringed shoreline with fabulous beaches. • Luxuriant greenery dotted with beautiful villages. Wildlife sanctuaries at Bondla, Mollem, Cotigao in the Ghat region and Sal;im Ali Bird Sanctuary at Chorao Island. • Tranquil Lake at Mayem and breath-taking waterfalls and Dudhsagar. Heritage monuments- many Churches reflecting Baroque or traditional Portuguese style of architecture with exquisite interiors; Temples and mosques which are thronged by thousands of devotees every year-great potential for religious tourism. • Rich cultural heritage- Celebration of various Hindu and Christian festivals through fairs, dances, fun and frolic, a mix of Konkani and Portuguese traditions- enjoyed by residents and tourists alike. • Warm, hospitable, peace-loving nature of the ethnic Goan people, high level of literacy and working knowledge of English. • Pleasant climate for most part of the year, ranging from 24c- 35c in summer and 21c-32c in winter-plenty of warm sunshine which attracts lakhs of foreign tourists INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA 82 S I T E A N A L Y S I S
  104. 104. • Accessibility by all modes of transport: By air directly from Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Pune ,Cochin, Agathi, Sharjah & Kuwait apart from direct chartered flights from Europe. • By rail from anywhere in India by Konkan railway via Mumbai,Mangalore and South Central Railway via Londa/Castle rock. By Road from Mumbai, Pune, Bangalore and other important cities in the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, etc. • By sea- Luxury Catamaran service from Mumbai except during monsoons. • Fairy developed tourism related and supportive industries: Reasonably developed hotel industry and inexpensive, popular paying guest accommodation systems. • Acceptable levels of local public transport facilities. Decent network of financial services. Large number of rural and handicrafts/cottage industrial units, cashew processing units, etc • Some of the new policies of the government of India are oriented towards giving a thrust to the tourism sector and are applicable in Goa as well. • Export house status granted to specified units with easier criteria. Tourism export promotion council established with the objective of marketing India as a vital tourist destination within ten years and act as a single window clearance facility for approval of all export related requirements. INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA Common ferry transport S I T E A N A L Y S I S 83
  105. 105. Opportunities • Goa has enormous potential for development of new product ideas , some of which are the latest craze in the western world today. Heritage Tourism. The state has an abundance of old mansions , palaces, several forts, which can be suitably renovated and opened up for tourism. • Health Tourism. :Western tourists has great regard for the ancient Indian practices of treatment and Goa can capitalize on the same by opening health parlours similar to those in Kerala. • Educational Tourism :The state has an already established base of a reputed university – medical, engineering and law colleges, institutes of management, catering technology hotel management, etc. Development of residential public schools, professional institutes and specialized research centres like the National Institute of Oceanography, can open up a new area of educational tourism to attract students not only from all over the country but from various parts of the world as well. This would also stimulate substantial visits by the family members of students, teachers, researchers, etc to Goa. • Business Tourism : Goa is already an established centre for conferences and conventions for domestic and multi-national companies. The state has also hosted major political conventions like the commonwealth Heads of Government meeting in 1983. the State can serve as a major destination for conventions, conferences, industrial trade fairs, etc provided such centres with residential facilities , exhibitions grounds, dte are created. • Entertainment Tourism :Tourism activity in the state of Goa thrives mainly on the natural tourism resources like beaches and few architectural marvels.One of the features of modern tourism , completely absent in Goa, is entertainment complexes such as amusement parks, water parks cable car rides , aquariums, casinos, sound and light shows, etc. These features are highly popular in the west as well as in India, wherever available. INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA S I T E A N A L Y S I S 84
  106. 106. These features have a great potential in Goa as they will introduce a variety of recreational facilities to tourists. • Cultural Tourism The Carnival in Goa is one of the unique festivals in the world, attracting lakhs of domestic and International tourists, every year. Apart from the above, religious festivals like Shigmotsav, feast of St Francis Xavier, etc are also very popular with the residents as well as domestic tourists. The food and the cultural festival exhibiting the culinary delights and ethnic tradition, is another popular festival which if properly marketed ( in India and abroad) can give a major boost to tourism in Goa. INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA Dona Pola Aguada Fort Shree Shantadurga templePortuguese Church S I T E A N A L Y S I S 85
  107. 107. GEOGRAPHY. • Goa occupies a narrow strip of the Western Indian Coastline. • It is approximately 105 kms. Long & 65 kms. Wide, with a total area of 3702 sq.kms. the boundaries of Goa are well defined . • In the North, It is surrounded by the Sindhu Durg district of Maharashtra state & in the west by Arabian Sea. • In the East and South it is surrounded by Belgaum & Karwar districts of Karnataka State. • The state is situated on the slope of Western Ghats and is in heavy rainfall zone, having an average rainfall of 3200 mm per annum. • The climate is temperate with temperatures ranging from 15.7C to 35.6C. • The state of Goa is intersected by an extensive network of waterways, important among them being Terekhol, Mandovi, Zuari & Talpona rivers. • All these rivers are navigable and as such are very vital for the development activities of the state • . Administratively Goa has been organized into two districts namely (1) North goa comprising 6 talukas with an area of 1736 sq.kms. and (2) South Goa having 5 talukas covering an area of 1966 sq.kms. no. of inhabitated villages are 374, which have been grouped into 183 village panchayat. • As per 1991 census, there are 31 towns, of which 13 are municipaltiesand 18 are census towns. In terms of Topography, Goa falls into three district areas (1) Western Ghats, (2) The midland region and, (3) The coastal region. INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA S I T E A N A L Y S I S 86
  108. 108. SITE INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA ACCESSIBILITY • 5km From Airport • 10km From Dabolim Railway Station • 2 Km From Vasco Market Bus Stand SITE SITE PICTURES • Site Area: 70,000 SQM • Existing Area: 24,000 SQM • Area Under Reclamation : 46,000 SQM S I T E A N A L Y S I S 87
  109. 109. SITE INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA VIEW OF THE SITE S I T E A N A L Y S I S 88
  110. 110. INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA S I T E A N A L Y S I S This site is exposed to waves from all directions. The protection provided by the western breakwater to this new development area would be limited as incoming wave energy from western directions would diffract around the head of the breakwater and enter the eastern part HINTERLAND CONNECTION: • Since this a is part of the existing port, the hinterland connections are satisfactory ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT: • Minimum capital dredging is required. • There is no harm to the environment with the development of the site. Also there is no social impact eg. There will be no relocation of any fishing activity SITE 89
  111. 111. DEVELOPMENT PLAN INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA S I T E A N A L Y S I S 90
  112. 112. GLOSSARY OF INFRASTRUCTURAL FACILITIES AT PORT •AEROBRIDGE : bridge extending between the terminal building and the cruise ship to enable cruise tourists to embark & disembark conveniently •ARTIFACT & CURIO SHOP: shop selling antique and local art & handicraft items •BAGGAGE CONVEYOR SYSTEM: automatic conveyor belt within the terminal for luggage movement from clearance counter to collection by tourists after disembarkation, similar to airports. •BERTH: a bed on the floor, a term used to determine a ship's "official" capacity, usually two per stateroom. •COACH TRANSFER /SHUTTLE BUS SERVICE: coaches or buses dedicated to the cruise terminal. used by cruise tourists for specific point transfers from port or for excursions •CREW LOUNGE : resting & comfort area specifically dedicated for crew members of the cruise •DISEMBARK: usually refers to a passenger leaving a ship, can also refer to a ship leaving port •EMBARKATION BALCONY : public viewing gallery for seeing off embarking passenger or receiving disembarking passenger •EXCURSION FACILITY /TOUR OPERATOR: city sightseeing and excursion trips to tourist centers around ports form an integral part of the cruising experience. provisioning of facility for organizing these day trips through authorized tour operators •GANGWAY : stairway used between cruise ship and berth for embarkation & disembarkation •HOMEPORT: the regional port where passengers join a ship's cruises a majority of the time •LAUNDROMAT : self-service laundry facility INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA G L O S S A R Y 97
  113. 113. •Port: a facility for a ship to interface with land; (2) the left side of the ship when facing forward •Postal service : Cruise tourists prefer to send letters, gifts and specifically picture postcards (depicting landmark sights of the port / city) to friends &family their stay within the port •Ship Chandlering : Activity of provisioning food, water & other supplies on commercial terms for a ship during its stay at a port •Tourist Information Centre: Counter for imparting information or providing assistance to cruise tourists on their arrival to the port. The counter is generally manned by the State / Central tourism official •Vessel : the cruise (passenger ship) when parked at the terminal is called vessel •Yacht Parking facility : Parking for sail boats & small motor boats for leisure travel within the harbour area INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA G L O S S A R Y 98
  114. 114. BIBLIOGRAPHY •www.wikipedia.http.in •www.archdaily.com •www.archinet.com •http://www.edb.gov.hk/ •www.wikians.com •http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cruise_ship •http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia •https://www.google.co.in/search?q=mumbai+international+cruise+terminal&bi w=1360&bih=624&source=lnms&sa=X&ei=0TYwU5XeBYOyrgeQ7oCQDw&ved= 0CAYQ_AUoAA •https://www.portofbellingham.com/index.aspx?NID=193 •http://www.osanbashi.com/en/guide/fg_2f.html •http://www.tourism.gov.in/TourismDivision/AboutContent.aspx?Name=Touri sm%20Infrastructure%20Development&CID=8&INO=11 •http://www.cruisemates.com/articles/feature/cruisingglossary-031708.cfm •Mumbai Port Trust •Interviews •Books- New Transport Architecture Public Transport •Newspaper and blogs. INTERNATIONAL CRUISE TERMINAL,MORMUGAO,GOA B I B L I O G R A P H Y

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