France, 1885 – 1910
Immediately followed Impressionism
Artists showed greater concern for expression, structure and form
than the Impressionists .
emphasis of post impressionists were not on naturalism and
fleeting effects of light.
Extended Impressionism while rejecting Its limitations:
• continued using vivid colors, thick application of paint,
distinctive brushstrokes, and real-life subject matter
• they were more inclined to emphasize geometric forms, to distort
form for expressive effect, and to use unnatural or arbitrary color
Seurat and others began the Pointillist
movement, which carried the color
and optical ideas of the
Impressionists to an almost scientific
extreme, consisting of tiny dots of color
Gauguin formed a friendship with artist Camille
Pissarro, who introduced him to various other artists.
Exhibition held in 1881 and 1882.
In 1888 Disappointed with Impressionism, he felt
that traditional European painting had become too imitative and lacked
By contrast, the art of Africa and Asia seemed to him full of mystic
symbolism and vigor.
influence of folk art and Japanese prints, Gauguin evolved towards
Primitivism was an art movement of late 19th century painting and
sculpture; characterized by exaggerated body proportions, animal
totems, geometric designs and stark contrasts. The first artist to
systematically use these effects
French artist Paul Gauguin's bold colors, exaggerated body
proportions and stark contrasts helped him achieve broad success in
the late 19th century
Painter, Sculptor (1848–1903)
was paintined after van Gogh pulled a razor on
Gauguin during an argument.The boldly colored
work showed the Biblical tale of Jacob wrestling
with the angel
is Gauguin's depiction of the human life cycle.
quarrel between Gauguin &van Gogh suffered the
crisis in which occurred the famous incident when
he cut off part of his left ear.
May 1889 he went at his own request into an asylum
at St Rémy
During the year he spent there was a frenzied production of 150
tumultuous paintings (plus more drawings).
May 1890 van Gogh moved to Auvers-sur-Oise, there followed another
tremendous burst of activity and during the last 70 days of his life
painted 70 canvases
His spiritual anguish and depression became more acute and on July
29th 1890 he died from the results of a self-inflicted bullet wound.
He sold only one painting during his lifetime and was little known to
the art world at the time of his death ,but his fame grew rapidly
His influence on Expressionism, Fauvism and early abstraction was
enormous, and it can be seen in many other aspects of 20th-century art.
Vincent van Gogh
Holland on March 30, 1853
Thick short brushstrokes, impasto paint View from hospital room in St-Remy
At one with forces of nature Left to right wave impulse in his work, tree looks
like green flames reaching to the sky exploding with stars
The work of Post-Impressionist French
painter Paul Cézanne, born in Aix-en-
Provence in 1839, can be said to have
formed the bridge between late 19th
century Impressionism and the early 20th
century's new line of artistic inquiry,
Cubism. The mastery of design, tone,
composition and color that spans his life's
work is highly characteristic and now
recognizable around the world. Both Henri
Matisse and Pablo Picasso were greatly
influenced by Cézanne.