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Honey Bees

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All about honey bees like their function,biology,pollination,threats to honeybees,which problems we will face in the absence of honey bees,importance of honeybees and the conclusion that we must have to save our bees so that the flowernig plants get pollinated

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Honey Bees

  1. 1. “ In The Name Of ALLAH, The Most Beneficent And The Most Merciful ” Honeybees What Actually They Are!!!
  2. 2. Bees <ul><li>Honey bees (or honeybees ) are a subset of bees, primarily distinguished by the production and storage of honey and the construction of perennial, colonial nests out of wax. Honey bees represent only a small fraction of the approximately 20,000 known species of bees. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Honey <ul><li>Honey is a mixture of glucose and fructose (white sugar is made up of sucrose), the simple types of sugars found in honey are more easily assimilated into the bloodstream - supplies instant energy and less likely to cause an over stimulation of insulin production </li></ul><ul><li>It can increase hemoglobin count </li></ul>
  4. 4. About honey bees <ul><li>Losing its stinger will cause a bee to die </li></ul><ul><li>Bees have been here around 30 million years! </li></ul><ul><li>Bees carry pollen on their hind legs called a pollen basket or corbicula </li></ul><ul><li>An average beehive can hold around 50,000 bees </li></ul>
  5. 5. About Honey bees <ul><li>Bees have 5 eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Bees fly about 20 mph </li></ul><ul><li>Hundreds of millions of dollars are additionally generated through the sale of hive products such as honey, wax, pollen, propolis, royal jelly and venom </li></ul>
  6. 6. About Honey Bees <ul><li>Foragers must collect nectar from about 2 million flowers to make 1 pound of honey. </li></ul><ul><li>The average forager makes about 1/12 th of a teaspoon of honey in her lifetime. </li></ul><ul><li>Bees have 2 pairs of wings. </li></ul><ul><li>The principal form of communication among honey bees is through chemicals called pheromones. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Biology of honey bees <ul><li>Drone                Queen Worker </li></ul>
  8. 8. Biology of honey bees <ul><li>Workers : </li></ul><ul><li>Reproductively underdeveloped females that do all the work of the colony. A colony may have 2,000 to 60,000 workers. </li></ul><ul><li>Queen </li></ul><ul><li>A fully fertile female specialized for producing eggs. When a queen dies or is lost, workers select a few young worker larvae and feed them a special food called &quot;royal jelly.&quot; </li></ul>
  9. 9. Biology of honey bees <ul><li>Drones </li></ul><ul><li>Are male bees. A colony may have 0 to 500 drones during spring and summer. Drones fly from the hive and mate in the air with queens from other colonies. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Functions of bees <ul><li>Beeswax: </li></ul><ul><li>Worker bees of a certain age will secrete beeswax from a series of glands on their abdomens. They use the wax to form the walls and caps of the comb. As with honey, beeswax is gathered for various purposes. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Functions of bees </li></ul><ul><li>Pollen </li></ul><ul><li>Bees collect pollen in the pollen basket and carry it back to the hive. In the hive, pollen is used as a protein source necessary during brood-rearing. In certain environments, excess pollen can be collected from the hives. It is often eaten as a health supplement. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Functions of bees </li></ul><ul><li>Defense </li></ul><ul><li>Bees make a ball around invadors.The body heat trapped by the ball will overheat and kill the hornets. </li></ul><ul><li>All honey bees live in colonies where the worker bees will sting intruders as a form of defense, and alarmed bees will release a pheromone that stimulates the attack response in other bees. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Functions of bees </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Honey bees are known to communicate through many different chemicals and odors, as is common in insects, but also using specific behaviors that convey information about the quality and type of resources in the environment, and where these resources are located. </li></ul><ul><li>Worker bees cooperate to find food and use a pattern of &quot;dancing&quot; (known as the bee dance or waggle dance) to communicate information regarding resources with each other; this dance varies from species to species. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Royal jelly <ul><li>Royal jelly is a secretion from workers’ glands. It is fed to the queen bee . </li></ul><ul><li>It is a creamy milky-white color, strongly acidic, has a prudent odor and bitter taste. </li></ul><ul><li>Royal jelly is high in protein and is rich in vitamins B, C and D </li></ul>
  15. 15. Beeswax: <ul><li>Beeswax is a secretion from four glands on the underside of a worker bees’ abdomen </li></ul><ul><li>Some major uses of beeswax are cosmetics and candle making. </li></ul><ul><li>Some minor uses are lotions, </li></ul><ul><li>cold creams, ointments, lipsticks, pill coatings, waterproofing, coatings for electrical apparatus, floor and furniture polishes, leather polishes, arts and crafts items, adhesives, crayons, inks, basketball molding and grafting wax </li></ul>
  16. 16. PROPOLIS <ul><li>For honey bees, propolis is used for a kind of glue. Honey bees gather propolis from trees and other vegetation. </li></ul><ul><li>They use it to seal cracks and crevices in the hive to make it less drafty when it is cold. </li></ul><ul><li>It is used as ointments for healing animal cuts and wounds. </li></ul><ul><li>And also used in some cosmetics. </li></ul><ul><li>Doctors have experimented with an alcohol tincture for hearing defects . </li></ul>
  17. 17. Pollination <ul><li>we are dependent on the honey bee to pollinate our crops. Pollination starts when a field bee crawls around a plant blossom. </li></ul><ul><li>If honey bees didn’t pollinate, crops wouldn’t be able to grow. Without the pollination from the honey bees there would be one third less crops in the world than there is now. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Determines air qualities: <ul><li>Honeybees are especially sensitive to air contamination. The process of making 1 kilogram (about two pounds) of honey requires bees to visit 15 million blossoms to gather 3 kilograms of nectar. In the process, the bees pick up contaminants in the air and which have settled onto the flowers they visit, and concentrate them, making them extremely effective samplers for the amount of pollution in the environment where they work. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>New Zealand honey is the best honey in the world </li></ul><ul><li>New Zealand's isolation, it is free of diseases and mites that are common in most other countries in the world. Therefore, New Zealand's beekeepers do not feed their hives chemicals and additives that are used to control disease and mites. So, honey is 100% pure (There is no sugar contamination in honey). </li></ul><ul><li>New Zealand's remote geographical location and small population help to ensure a clean, green environment. New Zealand has an international reputation for high quality honey. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Stings <ul><li>A bee sting will cause intense local pain, reddening and swelling. This is a normal reaction and does not, in itself, indicate a serious allergic response. When a bee stings, </li></ul><ul><li>the stinger and poison sack remain in the skin of the victim. </li></ul>
  21. 21. What to do if stung <ul><li>Get away from bees as quickly as possible. go to a safe area away from the bees such as inside a car, truck or building. </li></ul><ul><li>Pull or scrape stings from skin as soon as possible. most venom is released within 1 minute. </li></ul><ul><li>Wash stung areas with soap and water like any other wound to prevent infection. </li></ul><ul><li>Apply ice to relieve pain and swelling. </li></ul><ul><li>Seek medical attention if breathing is difficult, if stung many times, or if allergic to bee stings. </li></ul><ul><li>While running away protect your face and eyes as much as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not hide in water or thick brush. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not stand still and swat at bees; rapid movements will cause them to sting. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Threats to honey bees <ul><li>Mobile phone threat to honeybees: </li></ul><ul><li>Experts have identified a possible contributory cause of the unexplained and drastic decline in honeybee numbers - mobile phone radiation. German researchers have found that mobile phone signals can interfere with bees' &quot;navigation systems&quot;. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Threats to honey bees <ul><li>Colony collapse disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Beekeepers worldwide have reported increasing incidents of &quot;Colony Collapse Disorder&quot;, a phenomenon normally evident between late summer and early spring as older bees die, &quot;leaving behind the queen and young workers not yet ready to forage for pollen and nectar and insufficient in number to maintain the colony&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Carbonyl compounds </li></ul><ul><li>About 3.9 million pounds of carbonyl are sold annually in the U.S. for agriculture, lawns, and gardens. Carbonyl is classified as likely to cause cancer in humans, and is known to cause nausea, dizziness, and even respiratory paralysis and death in extreme cases. It is harmful to wildlife and highly toxic to bees and aquatic wildlife. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Threats to honey bees <ul><li>Paralyzing virus: </li></ul><ul><li>The mites work by sucking the blood of the adult bees.They introduces a paralysis virus which kills the adult bees within five to eight days. If there's only a few mites in the colony the number of bees that are going to be killed are very few. </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile phone threat to honeybees: </li></ul><ul><li>Experts have identified a possible contributory cause of the unexplained and drastic decline in honeybee numbers - mobile phone radiation. German researchers have found that mobile phone signals can interfere with bees' &quot;navigation systems&quot;. </li></ul>
  25. 25. What we are going to face in the absence of honey bees <ul><li>Declining honeybees a ‘threat’ to food supplies About one-third of the human diet comes from insect-pollinated plants and the honeybee is responsible for 80 percent of that pollination” Without the services of managed honeybees, provided by migratory beekeepers, billions of dollars' worth of crops across would fail. </li></ul><ul><li>Honeybees don't just make honey; They pollinate more than 90 of the tastiest flowering crops we have. Among them: apples, nuts, soybeans, asparagus, celery, squash and cucumbers And lots of the really sweet stuff, too, including citrus fruit, peaches, cherries, blueberries, strawberries, cantaloupe and other melons. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Money : Obviously, the extinction of the honeybee population would have a terrible effect on our economy. Thus, you'd be wise to get ready for such an occurrence. Taking just a little more from that paycheck every week. Now whether you trust the banks or not during a period of crisis is your own decision. </li></ul><ul><li>Vitamins: During times of food shortage, malnutrition can be an obvious problem. Vitamins, according to some scientists, can help with this. Thus, having extra supplies of vitamins that aren't due to expire for awhile could be beneficial. Remember that vitamin C is important. Just not consuming it anymore can't be a good thing. </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Importance of Honey Bees </li></ul><ul><li>• Honey </li></ul><ul><li>• Wax & other products </li></ul><ul><li>• Pollination </li></ul><ul><li>• Fun </li></ul>
  28. 28. Honey bee range
  29. 29. pollination
  30. 30. Conclusion <ul><li>We are all connected in this world. When species (like honeybees) start disappearing around the world, something has gone terribly wrong. </li></ul><ul><li>There’s this thing called global warming. We've all heard of it. In fact, back in 2001 the United Nations called on over 2,000 scientists around the world to discuss and give recommendations on global climate change. </li></ul><ul><li>FACT - Honeybees are dying across the Globe </li></ul><ul><li>if the bees die, than flowering plants don't get pollinated. Many fruit and vegetable plants are flowering plants. So, it stands to reason that our food sources might become decimated. </li></ul><ul><li>In other words, the circle of life would be disrupted. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Conclusion <ul><li>The first thing to do about all of these extinctions is to follow our scientists' recommendations on global warming. If these scientists say that certain emissions and practices must be cut, then let's do it. </li></ul><ul><li>With all of the environmental changes we're experiencing, mass extinction .With the honeybees it could be quite lethal. </li></ul>

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