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Ensuring Affordable Fuel Security for NTPC - Presentation

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Fuel Security related issues and affordable solutions for NTPC in near future

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Ensuring Affordable Fuel Security for NTPC - Presentation

  1. 1. ENSURING AFFORDABLE FUEL SECURITY FOR NTPC
  2. 2. Page  2 PRESENTATION OUTLINE INDIA AND NTPC OVERVIEW FUEL SECURITY ISSUES  ANALYSIS AND SOLUTIONS CONCLUSION
  3. 3. Page  3 Capacity Addition Targets 78,700 79,690 79,200 54,964 0 0 11th Plan 12th Plan 13th Plan Planned Actual Projected,CEA
  4. 4. Page  4 NTPC’s Share Installed Capacity NTPC Rest of India Generation Capacity 205922 MW 43128 MW 250.63 BUs 733.87 BUs On 31st March 2014,NTCP Annual Report (Group)
  5. 5. Page  5 5 2012 ~ 41 GW 43,108 41,184 15,740 7319 23355* ~47000 ~85,000 Current capacity Under construction Invited bids from vendors Feasibility Report Approved Total Basket Basket of projects Figures in MW * FR approved for XII Plan / XIII Plan NTPC Target 128 GW Capacity ( 2032, 28% From Non-fossil Sources ) Coal Gas Nuclear Hydro Renewables 81% 19% 56% 16% 11% 8% 9% PPA signed for ~100,000MW 2032 ~ 128 GW
  6. 6. Page  6 (Gigatonnes of coal equivalent 5),IEA Global Fuel Resources
  7. 7. Page  7 Year XI FYP* XII FYP (Projected) XII FYP (Projected) Demand 696.03 980.50 1373 Supply 554 715 950 Gap 142.03 265.5 423 CONFIDENTI*data in MT, Ministry of Coal Coal – Demand & Supply
  8. 8. Page  8 Major Fuel Security Issues Availability Affordability Accessibility Environment Friendliness
  9. 9. Page  9 Fuel Security Issues AVAILABILITY • Low production NTPC has a short fall of 10% • Outdated Mining Technology • Captive blocks are way behind schedule.
  10. 10. Page  10 AFFORDABILITY • Rupee’s Fall Fuel Security Issues Grade CFR ($) Freight ($) Ex-plot ($) Discharge Port Indonesian 5,500 69.5 12 4,350 Vizag 5,000 66 12 4,150 Vizag 4,600 59 12 3,750 Tuticorin Australian 5,500 88.5 20.5 5,600 Gangavaram $1=60 Rupee
  11. 11. Page  11 ACCESSIBILITY • Change in International Policies Amendments in coal mining and pricing internationally, affects imports. • Localized Reserves • Inadequate Facilities At Ports • Land Acquisition Fuel Security Issues
  12. 12. Page  12 Localised Coal Reserves
  13. 13. Page  13 ACCESSIBILITY • Change in International Policies Amendments in coal mining and pricing internationally, affects imports. • Localized Reserves • Inadequate Facilities At Ports • Land Acquisition Fuel Security Issues
  14. 14. Page  14 Measures to Beef up Production From Upcoming Mining Project :  Time frame clearance of coal mining projects.  Up front forest and environment clearance  Allocation of more coal blocks to private players/ end users with strict deadlines and steep penalties for failure.  A special purpose vehicle (SPV) may be set up initially to take care of all regulatory clearances, which is then transferred to the Mine developer
  15. 15. Page  15 Coal Demand Supply Scenario forecast FY 14 FY 15 FY 16 FY 17 Coal Demand 187 198 205 218 On date supply 119 119 119 119 LoA / New Supply 22 25 32 38 Total Linkages 141 144 151 157 %age Demand 75 74 73 72 Balance to be Met(B) Captive Production 3 8.5 19.5 37 E-auction 3 3 3 3 Total Domestic(A+B) 147 155.5 173.5 197 %age of Demand 79 79 85 90 Imports (Domestic equiv.) 40 42.5 31.5 21 Actual Imports 23.5 25 18.5 12.4 NTPC’s Coal Demand Forecast
  16. 16. Page  16 Strategic Solutions Integrated approach At time Options Near Future Solutions Long Term Strategy
  17. 17. Page  17 Integrated Approach 49000 6000 2000 6000 2000 Coal Renewable Nuclear Gas Hydro NTPC’s revised target portfolio for 2017 (MW) Aim of integrated approach is to eliminate the share of imported coal from NTPC’s basket • Ambitious foray in solar power sector taking advantage of government policies and subsidies. • Setting up nuclear plants. • Ensure gas supply by taking over assets abroad. • Small hydro up to 200 MW in north east, less problems than high capacity hydro.
  18. 18. Page  18  Import of coal.  E-Auction  Tie up through MOU at premium price.  To take up with CIL for finalization of FSA for new units at 90% commitment level  Transportation of coal through Inland Waterways at Farakka/Kahalgaon/Barh  NTPC may contemplate handing over their own fleet of wagons to Railways for increased coal movement At Time Options
  19. 19. Page  19 Ganga- Bhagirathi-Hooghly National water way No-1 Kahalgaon FarakkaBarh
  20. 20. Page  20  Import of coal.  E-Auction  Tie up through MOU at premium price.  To take up with CIL for finalization of FSA for new units at 90% commitment level  Transportation of coal through Inland Waterways at Farakka/Kahalgaon/Barh  NTPC may contemplate handing over their own fleet of wagons to Railways for increased coal movement At Time Options
  21. 21. Page  21 Near Future Solutions • Development of allotted coal blocks. • Acquisition of assets (Domestic and abroad).
  22. 22. Page  22 Coal Mine acquisition abroad • NTPC is exploring options for acquisition of coal mines in Indonesia, Australia, South Africa and Mozambique • Due diligence to coal in Indonesia is going on. • ICVL – JV of NTPC, SAIL, RINL, CIL and NMDC has also been entrusted responsibility of thermal coal mine acquisition abroad. • CIL is also exploring options of acquisition of coal mines abroad. NTPC is in discussion with CIL
  23. 23. Page  23 Planning Long term Coal Security Procure Low GCV coal so as to allow higher proportion of blending •Issues of Infrastructure bottleneck: Higher volume of coal import Port Infrastructure bottleneck Railway transport bottleneck •Take part in Port Infrastructure Development and seek Railway support for transport of higher volumes 23 Strategy Issues Remedies Coastal based projects running fully on imported coal •Tariff calculations? (pass-through) •Choosing projects to be relocated •Coal pricing may be linked to CERC index or global coal indices •Older projects of XII plan could be relocated Retrofit existing boilers and change specifications of new boilers so as to allow for higher GCV coal usage •Issues of high costs •High Expenditure of retrofitting •Impact on cost of generation •Long term coal security •Stations where retrofitting needs to be done is to be evaluated
  24. 24. Page  24 CONCLUSION INFRASTRUCURE DEV. & LINKAGE RE ENGINEERED PORTFOLIO MIX
  25. 25. Page  25 Queries? Thank you

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