Writing a Research Paper                 Report            Presentation by               Bhomik Shah     bhomikjain@gmail....
OverviewReport          What is a Research Paper ?          Stages of a research          Components of a research pape...
What is a Research ReportReport          In general, a research report a written         document or oral presentation ba...
Stages of a ResearchReport                 Hypothesis :Problem                           Definition                       ...
Research ReportReport                         Recommendati            Title                        Summary                ...
Title & Front PageReport     Title:            The title is a concise summary of the           empirical research report ...
Title & Front PageReport           Name of Author/authors           Bhomik Shah           Affiliations           PFM 2011 ...
Index PageReport     Table of contents           Page distribution and details of all           subtopics with page number...
Index PageReport     List of Figures           Graphs, diagrams, pictures, tables with           page numbers          Fig...
Preface & AcknowledgementReport     Preface and acknowledgment can be           added if required           Must thank gov...
AbstractReport           It is a brief of the report           Describes the topic, the scope, the          principal fi...
IntroductionReport          The introduction sets the research in a          context           It provides the "big pict...
IntroductionReport           The Aravalis           The marble Industry of Rajasthan:          History           Contri...
Defining the Study AreaReport          Geographical information          Basic statistics of the area          Main fea...
Defining the ProblemReport          Excessive mining, geometrical         progress, marble processing units          Thr...
MethodologyReport          The methods section is a description of          how the research was conducted, including     ...
Data AnalysisReport          Employment Generation:          Number of people employed at one mine          and one gang ...
Data AnalysisReport          Impact on the environment: degradation          Of the Aravalis:           Waste Overburden ...
ResultsReport         Based on research and application of         Leopold Matrix led to the outcome that the         Arav...
DiscussionReport   The discussion section contains the         interpretations and implications of the         study. It a...
Recommendations & optionsReport          Energy saving methods like VSD should         be adopted          Marble slurry...
Conclusion/SummaryReport          Brief of the whole paper          Important outcome of the research          Future c...
References & bibliographies          The references section cites all the literatureReport          reported in the articl...
Appendix MaterialsReport          Detailed Statistical derivations          Format of the survey questionnaire         ...
Application of ComputersReport         Times New Roman          Font size 12          Line spacing: double          Ma...
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How to write a research paper

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How to write a research paper

  1. 1. Writing a Research Paper Report Presentation by Bhomik Shah bhomikjain@gmail.com
  2. 2. OverviewReport  What is a Research Paper ?  Stages of a research  Components of a research paper  Title  Index  Abstract  Introduction  Methodology or Methods  Data Analysis  Results  Recommendations  Conclusion  References  Application of Computer
  3. 3. What is a Research ReportReport  In general, a research report a written document or oral presentation based on a written document  It communicates the purpose, scope, objective(s), hypotheses, methodology, findings, limitations and finally, recommendations of a research project to others  It can be: • Scientific • Technical • Empirical • Business Etc.
  4. 4. Stages of a ResearchReport Hypothesis :Problem Definition Design : Approach to Problem Experiment : Field Work Testing : Data Preparation/analysis Reporting : Report Preparation
  5. 5. Research ReportReport Recommendati Title Summary ons Abstract Discussion References Introduction Results Appendix Methodology Data Analysis
  6. 6. Title & Front PageReport Title:  The title is a concise summary of the empirical research report  The title should convey appropriate information about the study or studies presented in the report Marble Mining and Processing In Southern Rajasthan: an Assessment of the Degradation of the Aravalis
  7. 7. Title & Front PageReport Name of Author/authors Bhomik Shah Affiliations PFM 2011 Indian Institute of Forest Management Bhopal Sponsors (If any) & Date October 2009
  8. 8. Index PageReport Table of contents Page distribution and details of all subtopics with page numbers List of Nomenclatures List of various nomenclatures used in the study, abbreviations, acronyms etc. like DMGR: Dept. of Mines and Geology Rajasthan List of Figures Graphs, diagrams, tables with page numbers Table1.3: List of marble belts Page no. 06
  9. 9. Index PageReport List of Figures Graphs, diagrams, pictures, tables with page numbers Figure 1.3: Graph of Increase in Mines Page no.16 545 454 336 199 31 9 up to 1980 1981-85 1986-90 1991-95 1996-00 after 2000
  10. 10. Preface & AcknowledgementReport Preface and acknowledgment can be added if required Must thank government departments which has provided basic data and other relevant information. It adds value to the report. Guidance of any senior or colleague, any assistance by any University etc. Department of Mines & Geology, Rajasthan for providing basic database of all the mine-leases of the study area.
  11. 11. AbstractReport  It is a brief of the report  Describes the topic, the scope, the principal findings and the conclusions  It reflects the essence of the paper  Word limit 200-250 words  Sometimes determinant to read or not to read the report
  12. 12. IntroductionReport The introduction sets the research in a context  It provides the "big picture”  The purpose of the introduction is to lay the groundwork for the more detailed discussions It describe the problem, develops the theoretical and empirical background for the research questions, and elaborates a rationale for all parts of the study.
  13. 13. IntroductionReport  The Aravalis  The marble Industry of Rajasthan: History  Contribution in National Production  Contextual setting to enter the mind of the reader  Correlation between marble and the Aravalis Setting background to define the problem/develop hypothesis: Described quantum of the minerals and area covered
  14. 14. Defining the Study AreaReport  Geographical information  Basic statistics of the area  Main features of the area  Problem scenario in the area: background  If possible provide a map
  15. 15. Defining the ProblemReport  Excessive mining, geometrical progress, marble processing units  Three decades of mining and background of changes brought  Impact on the tribal and the environment
  16. 16. MethodologyReport The methods section is a description of how the research was conducted, including who the participants were, the design of the study, what the participants did, and what measures were used Describing the methods of the survey (adopted)  Sample size  Selection of the sample  Questionnaire prepared  Basic points in the questionnaire
  17. 17. Data AnalysisReport Employment Generation: Number of people employed at one mine and one gang saw unit In flow of cash in the local economy  Wages being paid  Types of labour  Difference between local and emigrant labors
  18. 18. Data AnalysisReport Impact on the environment: degradation Of the Aravalis:  Waste Overburden  Geomorphic disequilibrium (picture)  Water scarcity and pollution (Data)  Impact on agriculture (Comparison)  Impact on biodiversity (Secondary data & sources, literature, experimental)  Energy and fuel consumption (state data, individual data and ratio interpretation)
  19. 19. ResultsReport Based on research and application of Leopold Matrix led to the outcome that the Aravalis has reached to a critical stage of the degradation.  Impact on land, agriculture, water, air and soil are negative to the highest degree of the matrix  Impact on life, income and socio- economic life are positive  Impact on health are negative to middle degree
  20. 20. DiscussionReport The discussion section contains the interpretations and implications of the study. It answers :  Did your results relate to your objective?  Did your study match with other research in the same area?  Did result suggest further need of research in specific area?  Did result suggest the limitations of the method or approach?
  21. 21. Recommendations & optionsReport  Energy saving methods like VSD should be adopted  Marble slurry should be used for brick- making  Up gradation of technology  No new lease should be permitted  Maximum depth of pit should be predefined  Laser Scanning of mine  Participatory approach  Green belt development
  22. 22. Conclusion/SummaryReport  Brief of the whole paper  Important outcome of the research  Future course of action  Most important recommendation
  23. 23. References & bibliographies The references section cites all the literatureReport reported in the article. The reference citations are used to support statements made in the article. APA format of Paper writing Department of Mines, Government of Rajasthan. (2002). Marble Policy 2002. Udaipur Harhill, M., & Mckell, C. M. (1979). Ecology Stability: Is This a Realistic Goal For Arid Land Rehabilitation (Vol. 2). (M. K. Wali, Ed.) New York: Pergamon Press
  24. 24. Appendix MaterialsReport  Detailed Statistical derivations  Format of the survey questionnaire  Supplementary map or diagrams etc.
  25. 25. Application of ComputersReport Times New Roman  Font size 12  Line spacing: double  Margin: normal  Popular Style: APA
  26. 26. ReportThanks

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