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Horror 
By Sam Warren
• Horror has been around since stories began and have been used as a way to 
entertain and scare people for centuries. Originally being passed around from 
mouth to mouth, horror stories eventually became forms of literature and 
evolved many sub genres, such as gothic horror, which is one of the original 
types of horror and was the basis for many of the starting silent horror films. 
The very first horror film was made in 1896 by Georges Meiles and was 3 
minutes long called “Le Manoir du Diable”. However until the 1930’s, what we 
know as Horror films were referred to as spook tales. 
• Other early horror films include: the “ Granddaddy of Horror” made in 1919 
called The Cabinet of Dr Caligari, The first monster film “ The Golem 
(1915/1920)” and the first vampire film “Noseferatu (1922)” based of the story 
of count Dracula. 
History Of Horror 
Source:www.horrorfilmhistory 
.com
frantic chase sequence typical of an action film. Contains a lot of violence and gore and the 
most common entity the characters have to fight is the zombie, although most horror related 
beings can be used, such as demons or vampires like in the film Blade. 
• Body Horror: this features graphic and disturbing destruction of the body. It also includes 
strange body movements that are unnatural and limbs being the wrong shape or in the 
wrong location to create a monster, for example Frankenstein. A famous body horror film is 
“The Thing” and Clive Barker is one of the most recognised directors. 
• Comedy Horror: Combines humour and horror together, usually black comedy with use of 
gore as a comedic factor. Shaun of the Dead is a good example of Comedy horror as it 
contains standard horror conventions such as a monster ( in the form of a zombie) and 
gore but is creative in the way it uses them, to make something that is usually frightening, 
funny. Tim Burton has directed comedy horror in the form of sleepy hollow which was based 
of the legend of the same name. 
• Gothic Horror: Combines Goth and horror. This means it usually has a romance and is 
suspenseful. Gothic horror is prominent in a lot of vampire films because of a vampires 
charm. A lot of the earliest films belong to this genre and the most notable is Dracula based 
of Bram Stokers novel of the same name. 
• Natural Horror: Features things that you would see on earth but with a difference, as they 
may be mutated, for example, insects and animals turned into killers. Steven Spielberg is 
one of the most famous directors of the genre having directed JAWS, one of the most 
famous natural horror films. An interesting fact about JAWS is that a lot of the suspense is 
built because you don’t see the shark, a lot of the attacks are from its point of view. This is 
because the mechanical shark was broken for most of the film. 
• Psychological Horror: Relies on the characters fears, guilt and beliefs in addition to sinister 
music and sound effects, as well as the mental stability of a character to build tension. The 
most controversial film of this genre was the 1973 Exorcist by William Freidkin. A spooky 
fact about this film was that a number of accidents accrued whilst filming and the film was 
believed to be cursed. 
• Sci-fi Horror: In this version of horror, the antagonist is usually an alien, mad scientist or an 
experiment gone wrong. One of the most famous films is Alien by Ridley Scott. 
Horror Sub-genres
• Setting: Usually an isolated place with either a dark or sad history, or where the 
inhabitants are strange or nowhere to be found. Good locations include: Space 
stations, Asylums, Mansions, Dark forests, Cabins etc. 
• Camera work: High and low angles to connote nightmares. Point of view shots are 
used to see through the monsters eyes. Handheld shots are used to make action 
seem frantic and confusing. The depth of field is changed to make it harder to 
notice things so it is scarier when you do. 
• Sound: Disturbing sounds are extremely important. For instance ambient sounds 
that are diegetic can puncture silence creating an eerie atmosphere as do non 
diegetic sounds such as a heartbeat and even the soundtrack. 
• Editing: Creates an unsettling feeling due to the tension and suspense it creates. If 
the editing becomes slower and less frequent then it hints that something bad is 
about to happen. 
• Visual: Dark colours with a lot of black and red to connote fear and death, blood and 
evil. 
• Lighting: Generally low key lighting to help build shadows and create an unsettling 
atmosphere. 
• Props and costumes: many costumes and props can be identified with iconic 
characters or monsters, for example, a burnt red jumper and a five fingered gauntlet 
is related to Freddy Kruger, whereas rotting flesh and torn clothes can be 
associated with a zombie. Knifes are linked with slasher flicks and cloaks and fangs 
make you think of vampires. Good props and costumes are very important as it give 
the film an identity that sets it apart from others, as well as making the setting seem 
more authentic. 
• Characters: Protagonist=victim, Antagonist=monster/alien, often some sort of 
police officer, Teenagers to die, ghosts, strange children etc. 
• Themes: Good vs. Evil, Survival, Religion, Dark history, Insanity, Apocalypse etc. 
Conventions of Horror
• In horror a typical structure follows the 3 act structure. The first act consists of 
the main characters being introduced and finding themselves in a threatening 
or frightening setting. The next act consists of the characters encountering the 
villain and there being an initial onslaught that kills some characters. They then 
warn the others but eventually start to survive and try and find their way out of 
the situation. The climax ends with a final confrontation with the villain, with 
varying results depending on the film, for example in the saw franchise, the 
main character usually suffers a horrible fate, whereas in Friday the 13th Jason 
is killed, however almost all horror films end with the possibility that the villain 
can come back. 
• Noel Carroll came up with a horror philosophy that they all follow. 
• The Onset phase: disorder happens, usually caused by a monster 
• Discovery phase: Characters discover that disorder has occurred 
• Disruption phase: Characters find the source of the chaos and destroy it 
restoring normality 
Narrative Structure
• A Horror film is defined as a piece of media with the purpose of shocking and 
terrifying it’s audience. Therefore the target audience of a horror film is people 
looking to be scared, however lots of people find different things scary, and 
parts of horror may be in other genres of film such as action or sci-fi. 
• Horror movies are typically aimed at people in the age range of 15-25 and 
usually male. This is because the action and gore of a horror film is 
stereotypically associated with what the male gender like and older people 
may find the over the top gore and violence too off putting. 
• However recently it has been shown that women have watched more films 
classed in the horror genre than men, the first time this has happened. But 
another reason why males find it appealing may be due to the fact that almost 
all directors and producers of horror films are male and so will cater it to what 
they feel is good which may be different to a woman. 
Audience 
Profile
• There is no denying that the horror genre is one of the most popular genres of 
all time because some of the very earliest films, such as Golem and Nosferatu, 
are horror films, and on the list of the top 100 grossing films of all time, twelve 
of them are horror films. They are rooted in film history, as they are generally 
cheap to make, usually sticking to one setting, so directors and producers 
continue to make them. 
• It is most popular with younger audiences, around the age of 15-25 years old, 
however it is still popular with an older audience. This is because it is good for 
couples on dates, both married and newly together as the fear and suspense 
of a horror films makes it easier to comfort each other and have something to 
talk about after the film. 
• People keep coming back to horror for different reasons. One being gore 
watching. This is the people who watch a horror film for the violence and 
emphasise most with the killer. This type of watching is mostly in males as it is 
low empathy and low in fear. Another reason is thrill watching, people who 
keep watching horror films because they enjoy being scared and like the 
suspense the films build throughout the film. The next reason is independent 
watching, is when people identify most with the victim but in a positive way, so 
they are rooting for them to survive. The last way of watching is called problem 
watching and again this is when someone identifies with the victim but in a 
negative way, for example wishing for them to fail or believing they will not 
make it. 
How Popular Is Horror?
• Alien: This film was made in 1979 and is one of the best examples of sci-fi 
horror in history with a number of sequels, spin offs (Prometheus or Aliens vs 
Predator) and video games being made because of the popularity of the 
original. It was directed by Ridley Scott and starred Sigourney Weaver, the plot 
followed the crew of a space vessel returning to earth who intercepts a 
distress call from a nearby planet, where they find an unknown alien egg which 
hatches and a creature latches onto one of the crew. What follows is a 
desperate fight for survival made scarier by the claustrophobic environment of 
a small ship and for the audience at the time seeing and hearing a creature 
nether before seen. The film brought about iconic sound design, such as the 
beep of a motion sensor and the screech of a hunting xenomorph. The 
ambient noise that was created made an extremely thick and nerve-racking 
atmosphere as the creaking of the spaceship could be heard in the silence of 
space. The special effects and props also added to the atmosphere of the film. 
The famous chest burst scene is even more disturbing as it is not CGI but an 
actual physical pops and makeup. This is even more impressive considering 
the film was made in 1979 when technology wasn’t as advanced as it is today, 
yet it is still considered one of the best films of its genre. 
Three Of The Most Iconic Horror Films- Alien
• The Shining: The shining was based of the novel of the same name by Steven 
Spielberg, one of the best Horror writers of all time, so it should have been 
good given the source material. However the film, directed by Stanley Kubrick, 
was initially met with a lot of criticism from fans of the novel sating that it didn’t 
stay true to the novel, although eventually it did end up turning a profit. 
Nowadays the film is looked on much more favourably and is considered a 
must watch for horror fans and a cult classic. The film had very good camera 
work and is famous for the tracking shot of the boy riding his tricycle through 
the hotel. It had a specially made low-pole version of the steady cam to do 
this. The continuous shot accompanied with the low angle and the diegetic 
sound of the tricycle in the vast empty space of the hotel, makes the boy 
appear vulnerable, giving the impression he is being followed. This in turn 
made the audience feel uncomfortable as there is no non-diegetic sound in 
this scene building up suspense as you expect the boy to turn down a corridor 
with something unnatural in it. ( Click the video to see the shot). 
Three Of The Most Iconic Horror Films-The Shining
• The Exorcist: The exorcist (directed by William Freidkin) is a grate 
achievement in horror being the first of its genre to be nominated for best 
picture and grossing $411 million worldwide. Today it’s prop work and imagery 
is still extremely disturbing and made even more uncomfortable for the 
audience because it was a young girl who was possessed but instead of her 
appearing helpless, instead she was doing disturbing actions such as a 
180degree rotation of the head. In addition the use of special effects and make 
up was extremely good even for todays standards and it was made in 1973 on 
a budget of $12million. Special effects included levitation, unnatural body 
movements and revolting vomiting, all designed to shock and disgust the 
audience. It has been voted scariest horror movie of all time by Entertainment 
weekly and movie.com and also it was placed number 2 on channel fours top 
100 scariest moments. The spider walk is one of the most iconic scenes from 
the film as it is in high key lighting as the girl runs down the stairs finishing with 
a close up of the deformed position. This was very repulsive for the audience 
as the high key lighting made for an inviting setting which was the family 
home. To have the body horror, that was the spider walk in this setting would 
be chilling as it is an invasion of your safety and privacy by a demonic entity. 
Three Of The Most Iconic Horror Films- The Exorcist
• Most horror films fall in the age category of 18 or 15, however some have 
been rated 12A for reasons such as their being no gore and only mild violence. 
A good example of this would be “ Woman In Black” staring Daniel Radcliff, as 
it contains little blood with no swearing and is only mildly scary. Horror films 
classified as a 15 are rated so, typically due to the strong violence they 
contain, sexual nudity and strong language. If a horror film is rated 18 it 
contains the same as the films rated 15 however it is all intensified and more 
frequent. This is how the Uk classifies films, but it differs from country to 
country, for example the USA uses RESTRICTED instead of an 18 age rating. 
In addition film ratings will differ from country to country, for instance the 
conjuring was rated a 15 in the UK as it had little strong language and the 
violence wasn’t gory enough to be rated 18 whereas in the USA it is rated 
RESTRICTED purely because it is scary. 
Horror Film Age Ratings
• Vladimir Propp was a soviet Russian who developed this theory 
after studying fairy tales and noticing a pattern in their characters. 
This pattern can be applied to most films including Horror, these 
characters are: 
• Hero- character who is mostly focused on 
• Villain- opposes the hero 
• Donor- provides hero with something 
• Dispatcher- sends hero a request/message 
• False hero- disrupts the heroes progress by trying to help or by 
making false claims 
• Helper- aids hero 
• Princess- someone who needs to be saved or offers a reward 
• Father- acts to reward the hero for helping 
Propp’s Character Theory
• This is the theory that maintains the more you are exposed to something the 
less you are affected by it. The theory suggests that the more you are exposed 
to specific actions, such as horror and violence the less of an effect it has on 
you. 
• This is extremely important for horror films as the purpose is to horrify. For 
instance the first SAW was very disturbing when it first came out and is 
considered the best of the franchise. Since then people have come to expect 
the gore and imagery that the SAW franchise provides and since the first they 
have had worse and worse reviews. This is evidence that the desensitisation 
theory is correct and has led to films trying to outdo each other, such as the 
Human Centipede which was banned in the UK for being too disturbing. 
Desensitisation Theory
Famous Horror Actors
• George Romero: Famous for pioneering the zombie genre of horror he is 
responsible for directing some the most iconic zombie films including Night Of 
The Living Dead, Dawn of the Dead and Day of the Dead, becoming the 
source material for many zombie films after. 
• Alfred Hitchcock: Famous for the suspense he created in his films such as 
psycho’s iconic shower and the natural horror film Birds in which man eating 
birds attack a town. 
• Stanley Kubrick: Famous for the controversial clock work orange and the 
psychotic horror The Shining, all of his films have a scary setting and 
background adding to the suspenseful camera work , such as the famous 
tracking shots of the shining. 
Famous Horror Directors

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Horror genre

  • 1. Horror By Sam Warren
  • 2. • Horror has been around since stories began and have been used as a way to entertain and scare people for centuries. Originally being passed around from mouth to mouth, horror stories eventually became forms of literature and evolved many sub genres, such as gothic horror, which is one of the original types of horror and was the basis for many of the starting silent horror films. The very first horror film was made in 1896 by Georges Meiles and was 3 minutes long called “Le Manoir du Diable”. However until the 1930’s, what we know as Horror films were referred to as spook tales. • Other early horror films include: the “ Granddaddy of Horror” made in 1919 called The Cabinet of Dr Caligari, The first monster film “ The Golem (1915/1920)” and the first vampire film “Noseferatu (1922)” based of the story of count Dracula. History Of Horror Source:www.horrorfilmhistory .com
  • 3. frantic chase sequence typical of an action film. Contains a lot of violence and gore and the most common entity the characters have to fight is the zombie, although most horror related beings can be used, such as demons or vampires like in the film Blade. • Body Horror: this features graphic and disturbing destruction of the body. It also includes strange body movements that are unnatural and limbs being the wrong shape or in the wrong location to create a monster, for example Frankenstein. A famous body horror film is “The Thing” and Clive Barker is one of the most recognised directors. • Comedy Horror: Combines humour and horror together, usually black comedy with use of gore as a comedic factor. Shaun of the Dead is a good example of Comedy horror as it contains standard horror conventions such as a monster ( in the form of a zombie) and gore but is creative in the way it uses them, to make something that is usually frightening, funny. Tim Burton has directed comedy horror in the form of sleepy hollow which was based of the legend of the same name. • Gothic Horror: Combines Goth and horror. This means it usually has a romance and is suspenseful. Gothic horror is prominent in a lot of vampire films because of a vampires charm. A lot of the earliest films belong to this genre and the most notable is Dracula based of Bram Stokers novel of the same name. • Natural Horror: Features things that you would see on earth but with a difference, as they may be mutated, for example, insects and animals turned into killers. Steven Spielberg is one of the most famous directors of the genre having directed JAWS, one of the most famous natural horror films. An interesting fact about JAWS is that a lot of the suspense is built because you don’t see the shark, a lot of the attacks are from its point of view. This is because the mechanical shark was broken for most of the film. • Psychological Horror: Relies on the characters fears, guilt and beliefs in addition to sinister music and sound effects, as well as the mental stability of a character to build tension. The most controversial film of this genre was the 1973 Exorcist by William Freidkin. A spooky fact about this film was that a number of accidents accrued whilst filming and the film was believed to be cursed. • Sci-fi Horror: In this version of horror, the antagonist is usually an alien, mad scientist or an experiment gone wrong. One of the most famous films is Alien by Ridley Scott. Horror Sub-genres
  • 4. • Setting: Usually an isolated place with either a dark or sad history, or where the inhabitants are strange or nowhere to be found. Good locations include: Space stations, Asylums, Mansions, Dark forests, Cabins etc. • Camera work: High and low angles to connote nightmares. Point of view shots are used to see through the monsters eyes. Handheld shots are used to make action seem frantic and confusing. The depth of field is changed to make it harder to notice things so it is scarier when you do. • Sound: Disturbing sounds are extremely important. For instance ambient sounds that are diegetic can puncture silence creating an eerie atmosphere as do non diegetic sounds such as a heartbeat and even the soundtrack. • Editing: Creates an unsettling feeling due to the tension and suspense it creates. If the editing becomes slower and less frequent then it hints that something bad is about to happen. • Visual: Dark colours with a lot of black and red to connote fear and death, blood and evil. • Lighting: Generally low key lighting to help build shadows and create an unsettling atmosphere. • Props and costumes: many costumes and props can be identified with iconic characters or monsters, for example, a burnt red jumper and a five fingered gauntlet is related to Freddy Kruger, whereas rotting flesh and torn clothes can be associated with a zombie. Knifes are linked with slasher flicks and cloaks and fangs make you think of vampires. Good props and costumes are very important as it give the film an identity that sets it apart from others, as well as making the setting seem more authentic. • Characters: Protagonist=victim, Antagonist=monster/alien, often some sort of police officer, Teenagers to die, ghosts, strange children etc. • Themes: Good vs. Evil, Survival, Religion, Dark history, Insanity, Apocalypse etc. Conventions of Horror
  • 5. • In horror a typical structure follows the 3 act structure. The first act consists of the main characters being introduced and finding themselves in a threatening or frightening setting. The next act consists of the characters encountering the villain and there being an initial onslaught that kills some characters. They then warn the others but eventually start to survive and try and find their way out of the situation. The climax ends with a final confrontation with the villain, with varying results depending on the film, for example in the saw franchise, the main character usually suffers a horrible fate, whereas in Friday the 13th Jason is killed, however almost all horror films end with the possibility that the villain can come back. • Noel Carroll came up with a horror philosophy that they all follow. • The Onset phase: disorder happens, usually caused by a monster • Discovery phase: Characters discover that disorder has occurred • Disruption phase: Characters find the source of the chaos and destroy it restoring normality Narrative Structure
  • 6. • A Horror film is defined as a piece of media with the purpose of shocking and terrifying it’s audience. Therefore the target audience of a horror film is people looking to be scared, however lots of people find different things scary, and parts of horror may be in other genres of film such as action or sci-fi. • Horror movies are typically aimed at people in the age range of 15-25 and usually male. This is because the action and gore of a horror film is stereotypically associated with what the male gender like and older people may find the over the top gore and violence too off putting. • However recently it has been shown that women have watched more films classed in the horror genre than men, the first time this has happened. But another reason why males find it appealing may be due to the fact that almost all directors and producers of horror films are male and so will cater it to what they feel is good which may be different to a woman. Audience Profile
  • 7. • There is no denying that the horror genre is one of the most popular genres of all time because some of the very earliest films, such as Golem and Nosferatu, are horror films, and on the list of the top 100 grossing films of all time, twelve of them are horror films. They are rooted in film history, as they are generally cheap to make, usually sticking to one setting, so directors and producers continue to make them. • It is most popular with younger audiences, around the age of 15-25 years old, however it is still popular with an older audience. This is because it is good for couples on dates, both married and newly together as the fear and suspense of a horror films makes it easier to comfort each other and have something to talk about after the film. • People keep coming back to horror for different reasons. One being gore watching. This is the people who watch a horror film for the violence and emphasise most with the killer. This type of watching is mostly in males as it is low empathy and low in fear. Another reason is thrill watching, people who keep watching horror films because they enjoy being scared and like the suspense the films build throughout the film. The next reason is independent watching, is when people identify most with the victim but in a positive way, so they are rooting for them to survive. The last way of watching is called problem watching and again this is when someone identifies with the victim but in a negative way, for example wishing for them to fail or believing they will not make it. How Popular Is Horror?
  • 8. • Alien: This film was made in 1979 and is one of the best examples of sci-fi horror in history with a number of sequels, spin offs (Prometheus or Aliens vs Predator) and video games being made because of the popularity of the original. It was directed by Ridley Scott and starred Sigourney Weaver, the plot followed the crew of a space vessel returning to earth who intercepts a distress call from a nearby planet, where they find an unknown alien egg which hatches and a creature latches onto one of the crew. What follows is a desperate fight for survival made scarier by the claustrophobic environment of a small ship and for the audience at the time seeing and hearing a creature nether before seen. The film brought about iconic sound design, such as the beep of a motion sensor and the screech of a hunting xenomorph. The ambient noise that was created made an extremely thick and nerve-racking atmosphere as the creaking of the spaceship could be heard in the silence of space. The special effects and props also added to the atmosphere of the film. The famous chest burst scene is even more disturbing as it is not CGI but an actual physical pops and makeup. This is even more impressive considering the film was made in 1979 when technology wasn’t as advanced as it is today, yet it is still considered one of the best films of its genre. Three Of The Most Iconic Horror Films- Alien
  • 9. • The Shining: The shining was based of the novel of the same name by Steven Spielberg, one of the best Horror writers of all time, so it should have been good given the source material. However the film, directed by Stanley Kubrick, was initially met with a lot of criticism from fans of the novel sating that it didn’t stay true to the novel, although eventually it did end up turning a profit. Nowadays the film is looked on much more favourably and is considered a must watch for horror fans and a cult classic. The film had very good camera work and is famous for the tracking shot of the boy riding his tricycle through the hotel. It had a specially made low-pole version of the steady cam to do this. The continuous shot accompanied with the low angle and the diegetic sound of the tricycle in the vast empty space of the hotel, makes the boy appear vulnerable, giving the impression he is being followed. This in turn made the audience feel uncomfortable as there is no non-diegetic sound in this scene building up suspense as you expect the boy to turn down a corridor with something unnatural in it. ( Click the video to see the shot). Three Of The Most Iconic Horror Films-The Shining
  • 10. • The Exorcist: The exorcist (directed by William Freidkin) is a grate achievement in horror being the first of its genre to be nominated for best picture and grossing $411 million worldwide. Today it’s prop work and imagery is still extremely disturbing and made even more uncomfortable for the audience because it was a young girl who was possessed but instead of her appearing helpless, instead she was doing disturbing actions such as a 180degree rotation of the head. In addition the use of special effects and make up was extremely good even for todays standards and it was made in 1973 on a budget of $12million. Special effects included levitation, unnatural body movements and revolting vomiting, all designed to shock and disgust the audience. It has been voted scariest horror movie of all time by Entertainment weekly and movie.com and also it was placed number 2 on channel fours top 100 scariest moments. The spider walk is one of the most iconic scenes from the film as it is in high key lighting as the girl runs down the stairs finishing with a close up of the deformed position. This was very repulsive for the audience as the high key lighting made for an inviting setting which was the family home. To have the body horror, that was the spider walk in this setting would be chilling as it is an invasion of your safety and privacy by a demonic entity. Three Of The Most Iconic Horror Films- The Exorcist
  • 11. • Most horror films fall in the age category of 18 or 15, however some have been rated 12A for reasons such as their being no gore and only mild violence. A good example of this would be “ Woman In Black” staring Daniel Radcliff, as it contains little blood with no swearing and is only mildly scary. Horror films classified as a 15 are rated so, typically due to the strong violence they contain, sexual nudity and strong language. If a horror film is rated 18 it contains the same as the films rated 15 however it is all intensified and more frequent. This is how the Uk classifies films, but it differs from country to country, for example the USA uses RESTRICTED instead of an 18 age rating. In addition film ratings will differ from country to country, for instance the conjuring was rated a 15 in the UK as it had little strong language and the violence wasn’t gory enough to be rated 18 whereas in the USA it is rated RESTRICTED purely because it is scary. Horror Film Age Ratings
  • 12. • Vladimir Propp was a soviet Russian who developed this theory after studying fairy tales and noticing a pattern in their characters. This pattern can be applied to most films including Horror, these characters are: • Hero- character who is mostly focused on • Villain- opposes the hero • Donor- provides hero with something • Dispatcher- sends hero a request/message • False hero- disrupts the heroes progress by trying to help or by making false claims • Helper- aids hero • Princess- someone who needs to be saved or offers a reward • Father- acts to reward the hero for helping Propp’s Character Theory
  • 13. • This is the theory that maintains the more you are exposed to something the less you are affected by it. The theory suggests that the more you are exposed to specific actions, such as horror and violence the less of an effect it has on you. • This is extremely important for horror films as the purpose is to horrify. For instance the first SAW was very disturbing when it first came out and is considered the best of the franchise. Since then people have come to expect the gore and imagery that the SAW franchise provides and since the first they have had worse and worse reviews. This is evidence that the desensitisation theory is correct and has led to films trying to outdo each other, such as the Human Centipede which was banned in the UK for being too disturbing. Desensitisation Theory
  • 15. • George Romero: Famous for pioneering the zombie genre of horror he is responsible for directing some the most iconic zombie films including Night Of The Living Dead, Dawn of the Dead and Day of the Dead, becoming the source material for many zombie films after. • Alfred Hitchcock: Famous for the suspense he created in his films such as psycho’s iconic shower and the natural horror film Birds in which man eating birds attack a town. • Stanley Kubrick: Famous for the controversial clock work orange and the psychotic horror The Shining, all of his films have a scary setting and background adding to the suspenseful camera work , such as the famous tracking shots of the shining. Famous Horror Directors