III. God’s Hand
in its Time—
A Great Celebration
A Great Vengeance
II. God’s Hand Rules
in the Present—
A Great Reversal
Esther’s 2nd Banquet
Haman’s Plot – Plot #2
Esther’s 1st Banquet
I. God’s Hand
Prepares for the
Haman’s Plot – Plot #1
The Choice of a New Queen
Dethronement of Vashti
The Great Banquets
Chart of the
Book of Esther
IV. God’s Hand
Executes Justice in
As we close our review of the book
of Esther, we take away from it the idea
that God is always active in ways and
means beyond our sight and perception
preparing our way. In the midst of our
struggles, He is always present to
accomplish what needs to be done to
keep us within the parameters of way
He is leading us. In the end, there is
judgment and justice brought to bear
upon all. The good receive for the good
they have done, and the evil for the evil
III. God’s Hand BrInGs
Judgment in Its time
A. A Great Reversal: “The tables were
turned,” Esther 9:1.
1. David had experienced this turn from
apparent defeat to overwhelming
victory, 2 Sam 22:1-3, 40-41.
2 Samuel 22:1-3, 40-41 (NIV2011)
1 David sang to the LORD the words of this
song when the LORD delivered him from the
hand of all his enemies and from the hand
of Saul. 2 He said: “The LORD is my rock,
my fortress and my deliverer; 3 my God is
my rock, in whom I take refuge, my shield
and the horn of my salvation. He is my
stronghold, my refuge and my savior— from
violent people you save me. . .40 You
armed me with strength for battle; you
humbled my adversaries before me. 41 You
made my enemies turn their backs in flight,
and I destroyed my foes.
2. God has promised to deliver the
righteous and reserve judgment for
those who have persecuted His people,
2 Pet 2:5-10a.
2 Peter 2:5-9 (NIV2011) 5 If he did not
spare the ancient world when he brought
the flood on its ungodly people, but
protected Noah, a preacher of
righteousness, and seven others; 6 if he
condemned the cities of Sodom and
Gomorrah by burning them to ashes, and
made them an example of what is going to
happen to the ungodly;
7 and if he rescued Lot, a righteous
man, who was distressed by the
depraved conduct of the lawless 8 (for
that righteous man, living among them
day after day, was tormented in his
righteous soul by the lawless deeds he
saw and heard)— 9 if this is so, then
the Lord knows how to rescue the godly
from trials and to hold the unrighteous
for punishment on the day of judgment.
3. God has allowed our present
persecution to prove that He is
right to judge unbelievers for their
hatred of Him and those He calls
2 Thes 1:4-10.
2 Thessalonians 1:4-10 (NIV2011) 4
Among God’s churches we boast about
your perseverance and faith in all the
persecutions and trials you are enduring.
5 All this is evidence that God’s
judgment is right, and as a result you
will be counted worthy of the kingdom of
God, for which you are suffering.
6 God is just: He will pay back trouble
to those who trouble you 7 and give
relief to you who are troubled, and to us
as well. This will happen when the Lord
Jesus is revealed from heaven in blazing
fire with his powerful angels. 8 He will
punish those who do not know God and
do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus.
9 They will be punished with everlasting
destruction and shut out from the
presence of the Lord and from the glory
of his might 10 on the day he comes to
be glorified in his holy people and to be
marveled at among all those who have
believed. This includes you, because you
believed our testimony to you.
B. A Great Vengeance: “No one could
stand against them,” Esther 9:2-16
1. Summary of the Jewish defense,
The pure and simple truth is that
when God is in charge, there is no
earthly or heavenly power that can keep
Him from delivering those He has
promised to save.
Romans 8:31-35 (NIV2011) 31 What,
then, shall we say in response to these
things? If God is for us, who can be
against us? 32 He who did not spare his
own Son, but gave him up for us all—how
will he not also, along with him,
graciously give us all things? 33 Who will
bring any charge against those whom
God has chosen? It is God who justifies.
34 Who then is the one who condemns?
No one. Christ Jesus who died—more
than that, who was raised to life—is at
the right hand of God and is also
interceding for us. 35 Who shall
separate us from the love of Christ? Shall
trouble or hardship or persecution or
famine or nakedness or danger or sword?
2. Extension of edict in Susa so that
justice might fall upon Haman’s
sons and remaining enemies,
3. Summary of enemy casualties in
the remaining provinces, Esther
C. A Great Celebration: “They made it a
day of feasting and joy”,
IV. God’s Hand ExEcutEs
in the End
A. Mordecai’s Joyous Proclamation:
“Celebrate annually. . . as the time .
. . when their sorrow was turned to
joy”, Esther 9:20-26a.
The Establishment of the Feast of Purim
1. The time of the annual
celebration: 13th and 14th of Adar
(The next Feast of Purim is
March 16, 17, 2014),
2. The purpose of the celebration:
Relief from enemies and their
sorrow tuned to joy,
Esther 9:22a, 23-26a
David used God’s deliverance as an
opportunity to praise God, Psa 30:11-12.
Psalm 30:11-12 (NIV2011) 11 You turned
my wailing into dancing; you removed
my sackcloth and clothed me with joy,
12 that my heart may sing your praises
and not be silent. LORD my God, I will
praise you forever.
3. The form of the celebration:
Feasting, presents of food to one
another, and gifts to the poor,
B. Esther’s Confirming Decree: “Esther’s
decree. . . was written down in the
records”, Esther 9:26b-32.
C. Mordecai’s Legacy: “He worked hard
for the good of his people and spoke
up for the welfare of all the Jews”,
Mordecai left a legacy of service and
courageous devotion to his people.
What will be your legacy? What will
be your gift to those who come after
you? We should care about the effects of
our lives upon others because the record
will be opened and we shall all be
1. Unbelievers will be judged according to
their deeds at the Great White Throne
Judgment, Rev 20:11-15.
Revelation 20:11-15 (NIV2011) 11 Then I
saw a great white throne and him who was
seated on it. The earth and the heavens
fled from his presence, and there was no
place for them. 12 And I saw the dead,
great and small, standing before the
throne, and books were opened. Another
book was opened, which is the book of life.
The dead were judged according to what
they had done as recorded in the books.
13 The sea gave up the dead that were
in it, and death and Hades gave up the
dead that were in them, and each person
was judged according to what they had
done. 14 Then death and Hades were
thrown into the lake of fire. The lake of
fire is the second death. 15 Anyone
whose name was not found written in
the book of life was thrown into the lake
2. Believers according to how they
built upon the foundation of
Christ’s church or contributed to
its destruction, 1 Cor 3:10-17.
1 Corinthians 3:10-17 (NIV2011) 10 By
the grace God has given me, I laid a
foundation as a wise builder, and
someone else is building on it. But each
one should build with care. 11 For no
one can lay any foundation other than
the one already laid, which is Jesus
12 If anyone builds on this foundation
using gold, silver, costly stones, wood,
hay or straw, 13 their work will be
shown for what it is, because the Day
will bring it to light. It will be revealed
with fire, and the fire will test the
quality of each person’s work. 14 If
what has been built survives, the builder
will receive a reward. 15 If it is burned
up, the builder will suffer loss but yet
will be saved—even though only as one
escaping through the flames.
16 Don’t you know that you yourselves
are God’s temple and that God’s Spirit
dwells in your midst? 17 If anyone
destroys God’s temple, God will destroy
that person; for God’s temple is sacred,
and you together are that temple.
3. Whatever legacy we may leave others,
there is none better or more precious
than that left by the Lord Jesus
Christ, 1 John 5:11-12.
1 John 5:11-12 (NIV2011) 11 And this is
the testimony: God has given us eternal
life, and this life is in his Son.
12 Whoever has the Son has life;
whoever does not have the Son of God
does not have life.