III. God’s Hand
in its Time—
A Great Celebration
A Great Vengeance
II. God’s Hand Rules
in the Present—
A Great Slaughter
Esther’s 2nd Banquet
Haman’s Plot – Plot #2
Esther’s 1st Banquet
I. God’s Hand
Prepares for the
Haman’s Plot – Plot #1
The Choice of a New Queen
Dethronement of Vashti
The Great Banquets
Chart of the
Book of Esther
IV. God’s Hand
Executes Justice in
In the previous chapters of Esther we
have observed . . .
I. God‘s Hand Prepares for the Future - The
Dethronement of Vashti and Installation
II. God‘s Hand Rules in the Present Mordecai‘s and Esther‘s contemporary
A. Haman‘s Plot, Esther 3 – Exterminate
his enemy Mordecai and Mordecai‘s
people from the empire.
B. Mordecai‘s Plan, Esther 4 – Save
Mordecai‘s people from destruction.
C. Esther‘s First Banquet, Esther 5:1-5 –
The first step in Esther‘s attempt to
have the king intervene in Haman‘s
plot to destroy her people
D. Haman‘s Second Plot, Esther 5:9-14 –
The nature of Haman described and
E. Haman‘s Humiliation, Esther 6:1-14
F. Esther‘s Second Banquet and Petition,
In Esther 8, we see the final preparations made for the deliverance of God‘s
people from Haman‘s evil scheme to
exterminate the Jews. Remember always
that even the evil intents of wicked people
are in God‘s hands. Joseph had come to
understand centuries earlier that his own
brothers could not change the course of
God‘s will for his life by the evil they had
done to him.
Genesis 50:20 (NIV2011) You intended to
harm me, but God intended it for good to
accomplish what is now being done, the
saving of many lives
Israel has hope because of their God
Who is always near, always watching, and
always keeping the promises he has bound
Himself to keep.
Psalm 56:3-4 (NIV2011) 3 When I am
afraid, I put my trust in you. 4 In
God, whose word I praise— in God I trust
and am not afraid. What can mere mortals
do to me?
G. Elevation of Mordecai, Esther 8:1-17.
1. What Once Belonged to Haman Is
Given to Mordecai, Esther 8.1-2.
F. B. Huey notes that ―Persian law gave
the state the power to confiscate the
property of those who had been
condemned as criminals‖
--The Expositor's Bible Commentary – Volume 4: 1 & 2 Kings,
1 & 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Job.
Mordecai had shown himself faithful
in looking out for his people while he was
but a gatekeeper. He had shown himself
worthy to manage much more on behalf of
the king. This is not unlike the point of
the parable Jesus told in Luke 19 where
He rewards a faithful servant with these
words in Luke 19:17.
Luke 19:17 (NIV2011) ―‗Well done, my
good servant!‘ his master replied. ‗Because
you have been trustworthy in a very small
matter, take charge of ten cities.‘‖
It is a biblical principle that God rightly
evaluates our ways and rewards us
Proverbs 14:14 (NIV2011) The faithless
will be fully repaid for their ways, and the
good rewarded for theirs.
Ephesians 6:7-8 (NIV2011) 7 Serve
wholeheartedly, as if you were serving the
Lord, not people, 8 because you know
that the Lord will reward each one for
whatever good they do, whether they are
slave or free.
2. What Once Was a Decree of Death Is
Replaced by a Decree for Defense,
a. Esther petitioned for stay of
execution, Esther 8:3-6.
b. King Xerxes authorized Mordecai
to write a new order to make
the old order ineffective,
c. Mordecai successfully wrote and
sent the life-saving orders to all
the provinces where the Jews
would be threatened,
1) The extent of the decree,
2) The content of the
decree, Esther 8:10-12
Because the previous edict of Xerxes
was still in effect, it could not be
changed. With the king‘s
permission, Mordecai wrote a decree
which would be a counter to it. The
important features of this edict were:
The right of Jews to assemble and
The right to kill any and all who would
The right to take plunder from their
The defense would be made on a
particular day in order to give an
opportunity for any who were not Jews
to refrain from hostile actions against
the Jews and be assured of no harm.
Far from the characterization of the
God of the Old Testament as being a harsh
and unforgiving God, is the God who says
to Israel when they are in danger of
Ezekiel 33:11 (NIV2011) . . . ―As surely
as I live, declares the Sovereign LORD, I
take no pleasure in the death of the
wicked, but rather that they turn from
their ways and live. Turn! Turn from your
evil ways! Why will you die, people of
This same mercy applied to Gentiles if
they would repent of their wickedness.
Jeremiah 18:7-10 (NIV2011) 7 If at any
time I announce that a nation or kingdom is to
be uprooted, torn down and destroyed, 8 and
if that nation I warned repents of its
evil, then I will relent and not inflict on it the
disaster I had planned. 9 And if at another
time I announce that a nation or kingdom is to
be built up and planted, 10 and if it does evil
in my sight and does not obey me, then I will
reconsider the good I had intended to do
We observe in the book of Jonah that
the Ninevites did respond to God‘s
warnings of judgment and were spared.
Jonah 3:10 (NIV2011) When God saw
what they did and how they turned from
their evil ways, he relented and did not
bring on them the destruction he had
3) The pronouncement of the
decree, Esther 8:13-14.
d. The empire rejoices with the
Jews over their writ of
defense, Esther 8:15-17a.
e. The glory of Israel‘s God is
acknowledged by some from
many nations as they turn to the
faith of the Jews, Esther 8:17b.
The Reversal of the
Decree of Death
As with the Jews in Esther, so it is
with Christians today:
A. The Reversal of the Judgment Against
Us Is a Demonstration of God‘s
Love, Rom 5:8-9.
Romans 5:8-9 (NIV2011) 8 But God
demonstrates his own love for us in this:
While we were still sinners, Christ died
for us. 9 Since we have now been
justified by his blood, how much more
shall we be saved from God‘s wrath
B. The Release from the Penalty of the
Law by Christ‘s Obedience to It on Our
Behalf Has Removed Our
Condemnation, Rom 8:1-2.
Romans 8:1-2 (NIV2011) 1 Therefore,
there is now no condemnation for those
who are in Christ Jesus, 2 because
through Christ Jesus the law of the Spirit
who gives life has set you free from the
law of sin and death.
There is a similar process in Esther 8
that reflects how we pass from the
sentence of death for our sins to eternal
life by Christ‘s provision of salvation.
We plea for Christ‘s salvation.
Romans 10:9-13 (NIV2011) 9 If you
declare with your mouth, ―Jesus is Lord,‖
and believe in your heart that God raised
him from the dead, you will be saved.
10 For it is with your heart that you
believe and are justified, and it is with
your mouth that you profess your faith
and are saved. 11 As Scripture
says, ―Anyone who believes in him will
never be put to shame.‖ 12 For there is
no difference between Jew and Gentile—
the same Lord is Lord of all and richly
blesses all who call on
him, 13 for, ―Everyone who calls on the
name of the Lord will be saved.‖
We accept for Christ‘s payment for our
sins, Col 2:13-15.
Colossians 2:13-15 (NIV2011) 13 When you
were dead in your sins and in the
uncircumcision of your flesh, God made you
alive with Christ. He forgave us all our
sins, 14 having canceled the charge of our
legal indebtedness, which stood against us
and condemned us; he has taken it
away, nailing it to the cross. 15 And having
disarmed the powers and authorities, he
made a public spectacle of
them, triumphing over them by the cross.
We receive Christ‘s Holy Spirit and His
ministry to us, John 8:37-39.
John 7:37-39 (NIV2011) 37 On the last
and greatest day of the festival, Jesus
stood aand said in a loud voice, ―Let
anyone who is thirsty come to me and
drink. 38 Whoever believes in me, as
Scripture has said, rivers of living water
will flow from within them.‖ 39 By this
he meant the Spirit, whom those who
believed in him were later to receive. Up
to that time the Spirit had not been
given, since Jesus had not yet been
We celebrate our salvation,
Luke 15:3-7 (NIV2011) 3 Then Jesus told
them this parable: 4 ―Suppose one of you
has a hundred sheep and loses one of
them. Doesn‘t he leave the ninety-nine in
the open country and go after the lost
sheep until he finds it? 5 And when he
finds it, he joyfully puts it on his
shoulders 6 and goes home.
Then he calls his friends and neighbors
together and says, ‗Rejoice with me; I
have found my lost sheep.‘ 7 I tell you
that in the same way there will be more
rejoicing in heaven over one sinner who
repents than over ninety-nine righteous
persons who do not need to repent.