I prepared these slides to help study the 8 processes listed in Brown's "Teaching by Principles" for processing spoken English according to his Interactive Model. They are found on pages 301-302 of the Third Edition of his book.
4. BACKGROUND INFORMATION
The hearer recalls background
information (schemata) relevant to the
particular context and subject matter. A
lifetime of experiences and knowledge is
used to perform cognitive associations in
order to bring a plausible interpretation
to the message.
5. LITERAL MEANING ASSIGNED
The hearer assigns a literal meaning to
the utterance. Literal and intended
meanings do not always match. Second
language learners must learn to go
“beneath” the surface of metaphorical
and idiomatic language.
8. DELETE FORM OF ORIGINAL
The hearer deletes the form in which the
message was originally received. The
words, phrases, and sentences are quickly
forgotten or “pruned”.
8 PROCESSES INVOLVED IN
1.Raw Forms 5.Literal Meaning
2.Speech Type 6.Intended Meaning
Objectives Inferred Retained Short or
8 PROCESSES INVOLVED
- From H. D. Brown’s Teaching by Principles
Slides by Daniel Beck