So You Want to be a Doctor, Dentist, Vet, Chiropractor…,  Essential Knowledge for  Prehealth Students  Dalene M. Aylward, ...
Prehealth Advising <ul><li>Basic Facts for Competitive Applicants </li></ul><ul><li>Getting Started!   </li></ul>
“ Prehealth” Refers To: <ul><li>Allopathic Medicine (MD) </li></ul><ul><li>Osteopathic Medicine (DO) </li></ul><ul><li>Vet...
<ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>How Do You Know? </li></ul>
Ask Yourself The Following Important  Questions   <ul><li>Do I care deeply about other people, their problems, and their p...
Reframe Your Thinking <ul><li>” What is everything I need to do to get into medical school or dental school or vet school,...
Choosing a Major <ul><li>Students from ALL academic majors are admitted to US professional health schools. Admissions’ Com...
Basic Facts: Recent Average GPAs <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Allopathic Medicine 3.6/3.7+  </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><...
GPAs <ul><li>Excellent academic credentials is a critical piece of the application, but alone it is not enough. Admissions...
Basic Facts: Prerequisite Courses <ul><li>One Year with Two Semesters of Lab for Each of the Following </li></ul><ul><ul><...
Basic Facts: Additional Prerequisites <ul><li>CHIROPRACTIC: Psychology, Social Sciences, Humanities </li></ul><ul><li>OPTO...
Basic Facts: Admissions’ Exams <ul><li>Medicine - MCAT </li></ul><ul><li>Dentistry - DAT </li></ul><ul><li>Optometry - OAT...
Basic Facts: Beyond Academics <ul><li>Volunteering/Shadowing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutions (Hospitals, Nursing Homes,...
Basic Facts: What Else are They Looking for in Candidates? <ul><li>Integrity/Values </li></ul><ul><li>Professionalism </li...
Letters of Recommendation <ul><li>Highly sought by ALL the professional health schools. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides insight...
Being a Prehealth Student at UB   <ul><li>Specialized Advising </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Appts/12 Months </li></ul><ul>...
How Do I Get Started? <ul><li>VISIT THE PREHEALTH WEBSITE </li></ul><ul><li>http://prehealth.buffalo.edu </li></ul><ul><li...
ALTERNATIVES TO DOCTORAL LEVEL HEALTH CAREERS Nurse Practitioner    Respiratory Therapist Occupational Therapist   Physici...
Good Luck!
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  • Certain prerequisite courses are required to apply to and for admissions’ test preparation, but applicants can weave these courses into ANY curriculum. Students are more likely to excel in those academic areas that they enjoy . Unfortunately, success in high school courses does not guarantee success in college. Competitive grades are critical to being a successful applicant. Students should be encouraged to study the major of their choice . Less than 50% of the applicants for the fall 2008 class will be admitted to US medical schools. ALL applicants to the professional schools need a “Plan B” and a major they can perceive as such.
  • Admissions’ committees will review the ENTIRE application including: MCAT/DAT/GRE scores, letters of recommendation, personal statement of intent, clinical exposure to medicine, evidence of the applicant’s sincerity, maturity, knowledge of medicine, etc. Admissions’ Committees would question great disparity between high grades and a low MCAT score and conversely a high MCAT score with a weaker academic record. Applicants need to strive for excellence overall in their application.
  • So You Want to be a Doctor, Dentist, Vet, Chiropractor ...

    1. 1. So You Want to be a Doctor, Dentist, Vet, Chiropractor…, Essential Knowledge for Prehealth Students Dalene M. Aylward, Prehealth Advisor Libby Morsheimer, Coordinator of Preprofessional Advising Nicole Schwab, Prehealth Advisor University at Buffalo
    2. 2. Prehealth Advising <ul><li>Basic Facts for Competitive Applicants </li></ul><ul><li>Getting Started! </li></ul>
    3. 3. “ Prehealth” Refers To: <ul><li>Allopathic Medicine (MD) </li></ul><ul><li>Osteopathic Medicine (DO) </li></ul><ul><li>Veterinary Medicine (DVM) </li></ul><ul><li>Chiropractic Medicine (DC) </li></ul><ul><li>Dental Medicine (DDS/DMD) </li></ul><ul><li>Podiatric Medicine (DPM) </li></ul><ul><li>Optometry (OD) </li></ul><ul><li>Physician Assistant (PA) </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>How Do You Know? </li></ul>
    5. 5. Ask Yourself The Following Important Questions <ul><li>Do I care deeply about other people, their problems, and their pain? Do I enjoy using my skills and knowledge to help people? </li></ul><ul><li>Do I enjoy learning and gaining new understanding? </li></ul><ul><li>Do I enjoy and value learning in the sciences and overall not just earning good grades? </li></ul><ul><li>Am I intrigued by the way medicine can be used to improve life? </li></ul>
    6. 6. Reframe Your Thinking <ul><li>” What is everything I need to do to get into medical school or dental school or vet school, etc?” ASK INSTEAD: </li></ul><ul><li>“ What do I need to do to become the best possible doctor or dentist or vet I can?” </li></ul>
    7. 7. Choosing a Major <ul><li>Students from ALL academic majors are admitted to US professional health schools. Admissions’ Committees value applicants who have a broad based, varied educational experience. </li></ul><ul><li>GRADES MATTER. </li></ul><ul><li>ALL grades count; though, the professional health schools will look at the overall trend of grades. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Basic Facts: Recent Average GPAs <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Allopathic Medicine 3.6/3.7+ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Osteopathic Medicine 3.3/3.4+ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dentistry 3.4+ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Veterinary Medicine 3.5+ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Optometry 3.4+ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Podiatry 3.1+ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chiropractic Medicine 3.0+ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 9. GPAs <ul><li>Excellent academic credentials is a critical piece of the application, but alone it is not enough. Admissions’ committees will review the ENTIRE application. Applicants need to strive for overall excellence. </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize repeated courses as ALL courses are viewed and considered. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Basic Facts: Prerequisite Courses <ul><li>One Year with Two Semesters of Lab for Each of the Following </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General Chemistry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organic Chemistry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>One Year of English </li></ul><ul><li>Recommended </li></ul><ul><li>- One Year of Calculus </li></ul><ul><li>Recommended for Non-Bio Majors - Additional Science (Biochemistry, Physiology, etc.) </li></ul>
    11. 11. Basic Facts: Additional Prerequisites <ul><li>CHIROPRACTIC: Psychology, Social Sciences, Humanities </li></ul><ul><li>OPTOMETRY: Statistics, </li></ul><ul><li>Microbiology, Psychology, </li></ul><ul><li>Biochemistry </li></ul><ul><li>VETERINARY MEDICINE: Biochemistry, Genetics, Animal Nutrition, Microbiology </li></ul>
    12. 12. Basic Facts: Admissions’ Exams <ul><li>Medicine - MCAT </li></ul><ul><li>Dentistry - DAT </li></ul><ul><li>Optometry - OAT </li></ul><ul><li>Podiatry – MCAT </li></ul><ul><li>Veterinary - GRE or MCAT </li></ul><ul><li>Chiropractic - NO admissions test is required </li></ul>
    13. 13. Basic Facts: Beyond Academics <ul><li>Volunteering/Shadowing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutions (Hospitals, Nursing Homes, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Private/Group Practices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Community Service </li></ul><ul><li>Extracurricular Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Honors/Awards </li></ul>
    14. 14. Basic Facts: What Else are They Looking for in Candidates? <ul><li>Integrity/Values </li></ul><ul><li>Professionalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inside & outside of professional settings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maturity/Character </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation/Dedication </li></ul><ul><li>Overall preparedness to be a health care provider </li></ul>
    15. 15. Letters of Recommendation <ul><li>Highly sought by ALL the professional health schools. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides insight and detail regarding individual applicant (e.g., explains context of academic record) </li></ul><ul><li>Advice? Get to know your faculty, clinical staff, researchers, etc. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Being a Prehealth Student at UB <ul><li>Specialized Advising </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Appts/12 Months </li></ul><ul><li>Numerous Info Sessions (e.g., summer orientation, fall/spring semesters) </li></ul><ul><li>Connections to local healthcare community </li></ul><ul><li>Guest Speakers </li></ul><ul><li>Student Clubs (e.g., shadowing, service, social events, support, info) </li></ul><ul><li>Website/Listserv/Blog </li></ul>
    17. 17. How Do I Get Started? <ul><li>VISIT THE PREHEALTH WEBSITE </li></ul><ul><li>http://prehealth.buffalo.edu </li></ul><ul><li>VOLUNTEER </li></ul><ul><li>TAKE A SCIENCE COURSE </li></ul><ul><li>ATTEND A WORKSHOP(S) </li></ul><ul><li>JOIN A UB PREHEALTH CLUB </li></ul><ul><li>REGULARLY READ “PREHEALTH BULLETIN” </li></ul>
    18. 18. ALTERNATIVES TO DOCTORAL LEVEL HEALTH CAREERS Nurse Practitioner Respiratory Therapist Occupational Therapist Physician’s Assistant Speech therapist Physical Therapist Counselor Pharmaceutics Perfusionist Drug Information Specialists Psychologist Cardiovascular technologist Medical Technician Biomedical Programmer Nuclear Medical Technician Biomedical Engineer This list is not exhaustive. ..
    19. 19. Good Luck!

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