NURS 100 Nursing Fundamentals Introduction To

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NURS 100 Nursing Fundamentals Introduction To

  1. 1. NURS 100 Nursing Fundamentals Introduction To The Nursing Profession
  2. 2. THE NURSING PROFESSION <ul><li>ACCOUNTABLE PROFESSION </li></ul><ul><li>GUIDED BY: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SCIENCE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>THEORY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CODE OF ETHICS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CARE & COMFORT </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. NURSING…. WHAT IS IT??? <ul><li>ATTENTION TO FULL RANGE OF HUMAN RESPONSES TO HEALTH & ILLNESS </li></ul><ul><li>INCORPORATE THE CLIENT’S EXPERIENCE </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>APPLICATION OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE TO THE DIAGNOSIS & TREATMENT PROCESS </li></ul><ul><li>PROVISION OF CARING RELATIONSHIP THAT FACILITATES HEALTH & HEALING </li></ul>
  5. 5. NURSING & MEDICINE <ul><li>NURSING COMPLEMENTS MEDICINE </li></ul><ul><li>MEDICINE IS DISEASE ORIENTED </li></ul><ul><li>NURSING FOCUSES ON THE HUMAN RESPONSE </li></ul>
  6. 6. NURSING …. <ul><li>AN ART and A SCIENCE </li></ul><ul><li>FOCUSES NOT ON ILLNESS BUT RATHER A CLIENT’S RESPONSE TO ILLNESS </li></ul><ul><li>PROMOTES HEALTH & HELPS CLIENTS MOVE TO HIGHER LEVEL OF WELLNESS </li></ul>
  7. 7. NURSING AS A DISCIPLINE <ul><li>WHAT DIFFERENTIATES NURSING FROM OTHER DISCIPLINES ? </li></ul><ul><li>NURSING THEORY </li></ul><ul><li>PROVIDES THE FOUNDATION FOR NURSING KNOWLEDGE & GIVES DIRECTION TO NURSING PRACTICE </li></ul>
  8. 8. WHAT IS A THEORY? <ul><li>A SET OF CONCEPTS & PROPOSITIONS THAT PROVIDE AN ORDERLY WAY TO VIEW OBSERVABLE FACTS. </li></ul><ul><li>Concepts – vehicles of thought. </li></ul><ul><li>Propositions – statements that propose a relationship between concepts. </li></ul>
  9. 9. HISTORICAL OVERVIEW <ul><li>TO UNDERSTAND THE PRESENT STATUS OF NURSING, IT IS NECESSARY TO HAVE A BASE OF HISTORICAL KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE PROFESSION </li></ul>
  10. 10. FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE <ul><li>FOUNDER OF MODERN NURSING </li></ul><ul><li>COMPLETED A 3-MONTH COURSE OF STUDY AT THE KAISERWERTH INSTITUTE </li></ul><ul><li>REDUCED MORTALITY/MORBIDITY DURING BRITAIN’S CRIMEAN WAR </li></ul><ul><li>ESTABLISHED THE NIGHTINGALE TRAINING SCHOOL IN LONDON </li></ul>
  11. 11. 1960’s <ul><li>HEALTH CARE ENHANCED BY MEDICARE & MEDICAID </li></ul><ul><li>NURSING & PHYSICIAN SHORTAGES </li></ul><ul><li>NURSE PRACTITIONERS APPEAR </li></ul><ul><li>FOCUS ON HEALTH MAINTENANCE </li></ul>
  12. 12. 1970’S <ul><li>PROFESSIONAL AUTONOMY FOR NURSES DEBATED </li></ul><ul><li>DEVELOPMENT OF NURSING THEORIES </li></ul><ul><li>NURSING ENTERS UNIVERSITY SETTING </li></ul><ul><li>PROFESSIONAL NURSING ORGANIZATIONS APPEAR </li></ul>
  13. 13. 1980’S <ul><li>NURSES BECOME MORE SPECIALIZED </li></ul><ul><li>NURSE PRACTITIONERS MORE WIDELY ACCEPTED </li></ul><ul><li>EXPANDED NURSING ROLES </li></ul>
  14. 14. 1990’S <ul><li>MORE AGED POPULATION </li></ul><ul><li>NURSES SHAPE POLICIES </li></ul><ul><li>NURSING BECOMES STRONG ADVOCATE </li></ul><ul><li>HEALTHY PEOPLE INITIATIVES: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HEALTHY PEOPLE 2000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HEALTHY PEOPLE 2010 </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. 2000 and beyond… <ul><li>Governor Easley declared 2000-2010 as &quot;The Decade of the Nurse&quot; per request of NCNA. </li></ul><ul><li>Continued nursing shortage and nursing educator shortage. </li></ul><ul><li>??? </li></ul>
  16. 16. NURSING EDUCATION <ul><li>ENTRY LEVEL - PREPARE GRADUATES TO TAKE A LICENSING EXAM </li></ul><ul><li>RN GRADUATES = NCLEX-RN </li></ul><ul><li>LPNS: UNDER RN OR OTHER </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PROGRAM = 9-12 MONTHS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TAKE NCLEX-PN EXAM </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. TYPES OF RN PROGRAMS <ul><li>ASSOCIATE DEGREE </li></ul><ul><li>BACCALAUREATE DEGREE </li></ul><ul><li>DIPLOMA PROGRAMS </li></ul>
  18. 18. STAFF DEVELOPMENT & CONTINUING EDUCATION <ul><li>MAINTAIN REQUISITE KNOWLEDGE & SKILL FOR CONTEMPORARY PRACTICE </li></ul><ul><li>ADDITION TO FORMAL EDUCATION </li></ul><ul><li>ORIENTATION & IN-SERVICE PROGRAMS </li></ul>
  19. 19. FUTURE OF NURSING <ul><li>NEED TO: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>COMMUNICATE NEEDS FOR REFORM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DEVELOP EVIDENCE -BASED PRACTICE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MONITOR SAFE PRACTICE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IMPLEMENT POLICIES TO ADDRESS CHANGES IN NURSING LABOR MARKET </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. HEALTH CARE TEAM MEMBERS <ul><li>NURSE </li></ul><ul><li>PHYSICIAN </li></ul><ul><li>PHYSICIAN ASSISTANT </li></ul><ul><li>PHARMACIST </li></ul><ul><li>DENTIST </li></ul><ul><li>SOCIAL WORKER </li></ul><ul><li>CASE MANAGER </li></ul><ul><li>VOLUNTEERS </li></ul><ul><li>SPEECH THERAPIST </li></ul><ul><li>RESPIRATORY THERAPIST </li></ul><ul><li>PHYSICAL THERAPIST </li></ul><ul><li>OCCUPATIONAL THERAPIST </li></ul><ul><li>CHAPLAIN </li></ul><ul><li>DIETITIAN </li></ul><ul><li>NURSING ASSISTANT </li></ul>
  21. 21. NURSING ROLES <ul><li>CAREGIVER </li></ul><ul><li>TEACHER </li></ul><ul><li>ADVOCATE </li></ul><ul><li>MANAGER </li></ul><ul><li>EXPERT </li></ul><ul><li>CASE MANAGER </li></ul><ul><li>TEAM MEMBER </li></ul>
  22. 22. HEALTH CARE DELIVERY SYSTEM <ul><li>MECHANISM FOR PROVIDING SERVICES THAT MEET THE HEALTH-RELATED NEEDS OF INDIVIDUALS </li></ul><ul><li>NURSING IS A MAJOR COMPONENT </li></ul>
  23. 23. TYPES OF SERVICES <ul><li>PRIMARY -HEALTH PROMOTION & ILLNESS PREVENTION </li></ul><ul><li>SECONDARY -EARLY DETECTION & INTERVENTION </li></ul><ul><li>TERTIARY -RESTORATIVE AND REHABILITATIVE CARE </li></ul>
  24. 24. LIMITATIONS TO ACCESS OF CARE <ul><li>INABILITY TO OBTAIN INSURANCE </li></ul><ul><li>CULTURAL BARRIERS </li></ul><ul><li>SHORTAGE OF PROVIDERS </li></ul><ul><li>LIMITED ACCESS TO ANCILLARY SERVICES </li></ul><ul><li>SOCIOECONOMIC ISSUES </li></ul>
  25. 25. Where Do You Fit In? <ul><li>Name </li></ul><ul><li>Personal definition of NURSING </li></ul><ul><li>Goal for NURS 100 </li></ul>
  26. 26. GOOD LUCK!!!

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