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Exploring health Careers (PowerPoint)


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Exploring health Careers (PowerPoint)

  1. 1. Exploring Health Careers <ul><ul><li>Division of Biological & Health Sciences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>College of Lake County </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>November 14, 2007 </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Introduction of Presenters <ul><li>Dr. Denise Anastasio – Dean of Biological and Health Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Deb Jezuit – Director of Nursing Education </li></ul><ul><li>Derek Shouba – Associate Dean </li></ul><ul><li>Sandie Cosner – Academic Advisor </li></ul><ul><li>Kris Dahl – Counselor </li></ul><ul><li>Panel members –Margaret Kyriakos (Health Information), Dr. Jezuit (Nursing and Nursing Assistant), Dr. Lakshmi Gollapudi (Medical and Other Professional Careers), Dr. Mayur Shah (Pharmacy and Pharmacy Technician), Soheila Kayoud (Surgical Technology) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Agenda <ul><li>Overview of Health Science Careers </li></ul><ul><li>Panel Discussion of Select Careers </li></ul><ul><li>Career Exploration Resources & Next Steps </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback/Evaluation of Session </li></ul>
  4. 4. Objectives for Overview of Health Career Exploration <ul><li>Factors affecting increase for health careers </li></ul><ul><li>Positive and negative aspects of health careers </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the range of health care career options </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the educational requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Resources for exploring career options </li></ul><ul><li>Plan next steps for career exploration </li></ul>
  5. 5. Encouraging Statistics <ul><li>According to the U.S. Department of Labor, 6 of the 10 of the fastest growing occupation are health related careers </li></ul><ul><li>According to Rose Porter, Dean of Sinclair School of Nursing, Missouri University, and cited from Boston Reed College, there will be a nursing shortage of 1 million in the year 2020 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Factors Affecting Health Care and Demand for Health Care Workers
  7. 7. Factors Affecting Health Care and Demand for Health Care Workers <ul><li>Increasing number of older people </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing percentage of older people </li></ul><ul><li>Increased lifespan </li></ul><ul><li>Baby boomers requiring increased medical assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Expanding technology and knowledge in medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing expectations regarding health care </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing number of urgent care clinics, nursing homes, and urgent care clinics </li></ul><ul><li>More nurses and skilled healthcare professionals leaving due workforce due to retirement </li></ul><ul><li>Transformation of the U.S. economy into a service economy </li></ul><ul><li>America’s continued leadership in the field of high technology healthcare </li></ul><ul><li>Continued advancements in pharmacology and other medical fields </li></ul>
  8. 8. Advantages of Health Care Careers
  9. 9. Advantages of Health Care Careers <ul><li>Expanding industry; positive job growth trends </li></ul><ul><li>Industry is nationwide; healthcare jobs are available in all fifty states </li></ul><ul><li>Helping professions can be meaningful and personally rewarding </li></ul><ul><li>Pay rates and benefits are generally high and rising in proportion to other industry sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Medical advancements mean constant learning, constant challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for career advancement </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for all age groups </li></ul><ul><li>It’s possible to enter the sector at almost any educational level </li></ul><ul><li>Frequently flexible hours </li></ul><ul><li>Frequently flexible work environments </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities to work in a variety of setting, e.g., hospitals, nursing homes, medical offices, retail outlets, urgent care clinics, assistant living facilities, clinics, spas, etc. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Some Disadvantages of Health Care Careers
  11. 11. Some Disadvantages of Health Care Careers <ul><li>Educational requirements can be demanding, long-term, and expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Educational and training requirements can block certain forms of advancement or career flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Some high paying academic programs related to specific careers are very selective, e.g., nursing, medical imaging, pharmacists, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Depending on the job, the hours can be strenuous </li></ul><ul><li>Some medical facilities are understaffed or under funded </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional Challenges: life or death decisions, accidentally hurting patients, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Exhausting physical Requirements: standing, lifting, touching patients, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Environment can be unpleasant: smells, cutting open or burning patients in medical procedures, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Threat of malpractice lawsuits, high cost of insurance, and H.M.O. environment can be discouraging to some </li></ul><ul><li>Not all health careers have positive short-term or long-term job market trends </li></ul>
  12. 12. Range of Health Care Professions <ul><li>By Broad Function </li></ul><ul><li>I. Diagnostic-oriented (identifying conditions)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical lab specialists </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MLT, MT, Histologist </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>X-ray and other imaging (from techs to doctors)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mammography </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CAT scan </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MRI </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respiratory function diagnostics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gastrointestinal diagnostics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cardiac diagnostics (EKG, stress testing, ultrasound)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contact w/ patient episodic, not often ongoing </li></ul>
  13. 13. Range of Health Care Professions <ul><li>By Broad Function </li></ul><ul><li>II. Treatment-oriented careers (examples – not complete)‏ </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Physical Therapist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Occupational Therapist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Speech and Language Therapist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Surgical Technologist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Massage Therapist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Respiratory Care </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dental Hygiene </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nurse </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nurse Assistant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Medical Assistant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Contact w/ patients often longer term </li></ul>
  14. 14. Range of Health Care Professions <ul><li>By Broad Function </li></ul><ul><li>III. Education of Patient and Family </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nurse </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dietitian </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Physical Therapist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Occupational Therapist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dental Hygienist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Medical Assistant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Contact w/ patient short and/or long term </li></ul>
  15. 15. Range of Health Care Professions <ul><li>By Broad Function </li></ul><ul><li>IV. Support functions </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Medical Billing and Coding Specialists </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Health Information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Medical Transcriptionist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Office Manager </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Medical Secretary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cancer registrar </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Little or no patient contact </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Educational Requirements for Some Health Care Professionals <ul><li>On-the-job Training or Optional Short Training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dietary aide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unit clerk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EKG tech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pharmacy Technician </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Short-term Training (< 6 months)‏ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nurse Assisting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phlebotomy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EMT- Basic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Approximately 1-year programs (full-time)‏ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LPN (licensed practical nurse)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical Assisting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massage Therapy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical Transcription, Medical Billing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surgical Technology </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Educational Requirements for Some Health Care Professions <ul><li>Associate Degree (2+ years)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>(Often have entrance requirements taking 1 year to complete)‏ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nursing (Associate degree nurse) – R.N. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radiologic Technologist ((Xray tech, Medical Imaging)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health Information Technologist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dental Hygiene </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical Therapy Assistant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupational Therapy Assistant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical Lab Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diagnostic Sonographer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ophthalmic Medical Technician </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Educational Requirements for Some Health Care Professions <ul><li>Bachelor's degree (4 years minimum)‏ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nurse (Bachelor in Science Nursing – BSN) – R.N. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health Information Administrator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radiologist Sciences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical Technician </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bachelor's/Master's </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physician Assistant (generally 24-27 mo. w/previous college-level work)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Master's degree </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical Therapy (some are doctorate)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupational Therapy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audiology (moving to doctorate)‏ </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Educational Requirements for Physicians (Traditional)‏ <ul><li>Bachelor's degree (major typically in Biology but doesn't need to be in science) – 4 years </li></ul><ul><li>Medical School – 4 years </li></ul><ul><li>Graduate Medical Education (“residency” in a medical specialty)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>3 years for family practice, pediatrics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 years for other specialties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional years for subspecialties </li></ul></ul><ul><li>11 or more years of post-high school education! </li></ul>
  20. 20. Educational Requirements for other Doctorate level professions <ul><li>Chiropractors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bachelor's degree (4 years of college)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 years of chiropractic school </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pharmacists – Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD)‏ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 years of specific preprofessional course work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 years of pharmacy school </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dentists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bachelor's degree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 years of dental school </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Panel Discussion <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Moderator Questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Briefly overview the job/career you are representing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are some common myths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most rewarding aspects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biggest challenges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How did you get interested </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short-term/long-term job prospect </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Audience Questions </li></ul>
  22. 22. Career Exploration Resources <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Professional Associations </li></ul><ul><li>Accrediting agencies </li></ul><ul><li>State agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational Outlook Handbook </li></ul><ul><li>Health Professions Career & Edu Directory (AMA)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Career Counselors </li></ul><ul><li>Career Testing </li></ul>
  23. 23. Resources at CLC <ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Career and Professional Program Advisors (See sheet)‏ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counseling Center </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Career and Placement Office </li></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Next Steps <ul><li>Accrediting Bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Asking the right questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Credit versus noncredit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accredited or not accredited </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State-approved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Certificate or diploma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Job statistics & employment trends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work settings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic requirements & career testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Length of program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opportunity for career advancement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Level of comfort, interest & passion </li></ul></ul>