Chapter 1

736 views

Published on

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
736
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
16
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chapter 1

  1. 1. Athletic Trainer as a Health Care Provider. Chapter 1 Athletic Trainer Coach Physician Athlete
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Millions of individuals participate in sports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both organized and recreational </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Injuries do occur, but most aren’t serious </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Who’s responsible for an athlete’s health? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideally an ATC (athletic trainer, certified) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$$ limits access ATC’s in most situations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coaches have responsibility to be first aid and CPR certified </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ATC can’t be everywhere at all times </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Early History <ul><li>Sports were means to compete peacefully </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roles in Greek and Roman civilizations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lack of interest in centuries after fall of Roman empire </li></ul><ul><li>Small resurgence in Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>Sports begin in 19 th century </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early ATCs no technical knowledge </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Evolution of ATCs <ul><li>Trainer vs. Athletic Trainer </li></ul><ul><li>The Trainers’ Bible (1917) </li></ul><ul><li>Cramer family influence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1932: First Aider </li></ul></ul><ul><li>First NATA 1938-1944 </li></ul><ul><li>Regional districts reorganize 1947-1950 </li></ul><ul><li>Current NATA formed in 1950 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4,500 members in 1974 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>32,000+ members in 2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Milestones? </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. National Athletic Trainers’ Association <ul><li>1950: NATA formed </li></ul><ul><li>1991: recognized as allied health profession by AMA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Purpose was to accredit educational programs (Committee on Allied Health Education and Accreditation) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1993: all entry level ATEP’s subject to CAHEA accreditation via JRC-AT recommendation </li></ul><ul><li>1994: CAHEA replaced by Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP) </li></ul><ul><li>2005: Last internship candidates take the BOC exam </li></ul><ul><li>2006: CAAHEP and JRC-AT replaced by CAATE (Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education Programs) </li></ul><ul><li>2007: NATABOC exam becomes computer based </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is sports medicine?? <ul><li>Term encompasses many different fields </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All relate to activity and sport </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Athletic training </li></ul><ul><li>Biomechanics </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise Physiology </li></ul><ul><li>Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Physical therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Sport Psychology </li></ul><ul><li>Most fields have professional organizations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional care standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Code of ethics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exchange ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stimulate research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collective purpose </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Examples of organizations: <ul><li>FIMS: International Federation of Sports Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>AAFP: American Academy of Family Physicians </li></ul><ul><li>ACSM: American College of Sports Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>AOSSM: American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>NSCA: National Strength and Conditioning Association </li></ul><ul><li>APTA: American Physical Therapy Association, Sports Physical Therapy Section </li></ul><ul><li>NASM: National Academy of Sports Medicine </li></ul>
  8. 8. Athletic Trainers in the field <ul><li>Qualifications : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge of variety of medical specialties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graduate from a CAAHEP-accredited ATEP program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pass 3-part certification exam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain 75 CEU’s every 3 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain CPR-PR/AED certification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain state licensure (some states) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Employment settings <ul><li>Traditional setting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colleges/universities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>School districts </li></ul><ul><li>Professional organizations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NASCAR, Rodeo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dance and theater </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Clinics/Hospitals/Industrial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Largest employment setting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Others </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fitness centers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NASA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Law enforcement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government agencies </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The sports medicine team <ul><li>Athlete health care is a group effort </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coach, ATC, MD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each member has a specific function </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coach should defer all medical decisions to ATC or MD </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Physician has the final word on treatment and return to play </li></ul><ul><li>Athlete is the first concern </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Good communication is essential </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quick & safe return </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goal to have athlete participate to his/her fullest potential </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trust and confidence must develop between team members </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The sports medicine team continued <ul><li>Injury prevention and management are educational goals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both the coach and ATC responsible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technique and training </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Athlete must be kept informed and educated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is an injury </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Injury status </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Role of parents: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minor athletes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must respect family MD decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Coach responsibilities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conditioning, proper equipment, skill technique </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Awareness of common injuries and their prevention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First aid & CPR certification </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ATC responsibilities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All phases of care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep athlete’s well-being as primary objective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make all decisions from a medical perspective (not a coaching perspective) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. ATC responsibilities: <ul><li>Injury prevention and risk management </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition, evaluation, and assessment of injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate care of injuries and illnesses </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment, rehabilitation, and reconditioning </li></ul><ul><li>Health care organization and administration </li></ul><ul><li>Professional development and responsibility </li></ul>
  13. 13. Physician responsibilities: <ul><li>Ultimately responsible for total health care </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conducting PPE, diagnosing injuries, be aware of rehab programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Return-to-play decisions usually made on ATC recommendation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supervise and advise ATC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ATC must have flexibility to function independently in decision-making process </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Communication imperative </li></ul><ul><li>Should make the effort to attend as many events as possible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be available for consultation outside of the office </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Professional behaviors <ul><li>Stamina </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptability </li></ul><ul><li>Empathy </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of humor </li></ul><ul><li>Communication skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oral and written </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intellectual curiosity </li></ul><ul><li>Ethical practice </li></ul><ul><li>Professional memberships </li></ul><ul><li>State Regulations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Licensure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Certification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Registration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exemption </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Other members of the sports medicine team: <ul><li>Nurse </li></ul><ul><li>Orthopedist </li></ul><ul><li>Neurologist </li></ul><ul><li>Internist / GP </li></ul><ul><li>Dentist </li></ul><ul><li>Ophthalmologist </li></ul><ul><li>Pediatrician </li></ul><ul><li>Psychiatrist </li></ul><ul><li>Sport psychologist </li></ul><ul><li>Podiatrist </li></ul><ul><li>Physician assistant </li></ul><ul><li>CSCS </li></ul><ul><li>Biomechanist </li></ul><ul><li>Physical therapist </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise physiologist </li></ul><ul><li>Nutritionist </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Referees </li></ul>

×