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22nd Annual Report on
 Physician Assistant
Educational Programs


      Albert F. Simon
       Marie S. Link
Response Rate of Survey
  100%
   90%
   80%
   70%
   60%
   50%
   40%
   30%
   20%
   10%
    0%
         1999-     20...
General Program
Characteristics
Sponsoring Institution and
    Credential Awarded

   71% Universities
   21% Four-Year College
   74% Masters
   19% ...
Sponsoring Institution
 70%
 60%
 50%
 40%
 30%
 20%
 10%
  0%
       1996        1998        2000      2002       2004

U...
1                                                          1
                1       1
    1                              ...
1                                                                                          1
                     1       ...
Programs by Year of First Entering Class

                35
                30
                25
# of Programs




     ...
Credential Offered by Consortia Region

                              90
                              80
  % of Programs ...
Length of Curriculum
   Average Length: 26.5 months
    • Masters: 27.3
    • Bachelors: 25.0
    • Certificate: 23.0
   ...
Financial Characteristics
Financial Support
   Mean: $990,527; Median: 820,000
   Range: $186,835 - $5,029,000
   37 programs with Federal Grants
Financial Support


         Masters     Bachelors    Certificate    Associate
Mean    $997,089     $893,273     $1,199,16...
Program Personnel
Annual Report Personnel
Classification

   Category I Academic coordinator,
    Educational Specialist
   Category II Cl...
PA vs. Non-PA

   Number of PA personnel: 448 (59.1%)
    • I: 256 (57.1%); II: 159 (35.5%);
      III: 33 (7.4%)
   Num...
General Characteristics of PA
Personnel

   Mean Salary:
    • I: $71,381; II: $70,534 III: $80,590
   Mean Months in po...
General Characteristics of Non-PA
Personnel

   Mean Salary:
    • I: $69,162; II: $56,908; III: $48,289; IV:
      $32,6...
Ethnicity and Gender of Personnel
                  (Categories I - III)
    White: 87.0%                  Male: 36.8%
 ...
Ethnicity and Gender of Personnel
                     (Category IV)

     White: 69.7%         Male: 9.0%
     African ...
Mean Annual Salary by
Ethnicity & Gender
           (Categories I - III)


             Male                 Female
White ...
Classification & Tenure Track Status

   % faculty classification: 86%
   % in tenure track: 25%
   % tenured: 3.7%
Faculty vs. Staff Salaries
               (Categories I - III)
   Faculty:
    • PA: $71,960
    • Non-PA: $72,059
   St...
Highest Degree Held
by Program Personnel
                (Categories I - III)
   Doctorate: 12.3%
   Masters: 60.7%
   ...
Highest Degree Held
  by Program Personnel: 1996-2005
100%
                        (Categories I - III)

80%

60%

40%

20...
Enrolled Students
Trends of Students Enrolled:
                       1986-2005
                      50                            43      ...
Current Enrollment by Gender
   Male: 27%
   Female: 73%
Mean Number per Program




                                                                    100




                  ...
Mean Number of Students Currently Enrolled per
  Program - Degree Granted by Program
                                     ...
Total Full-Time Enrollment by Degree

                    Associate
                       1%     Bachelors
              ...
Trends in Student Enrollment:
                                         1986-2005

                                    10,0...
Age of Current Enrollees
   Under 20: 1.7%
   20 - 29: 73.2%
   30 and over: 25.1%
   Average age:
    • Full-time: 27...
Enrollment by Age and Region
                       80
                       70
Percentage Enrolled




                 ...
Percentage Enrolled in Each Age Group




                               0
                                     10
       ...
Ethnicity of Enrollees
   White: 77.2%
   Hispanic/Latino: 6.6%
   Asian: 6.4%
   African American: 5.9%
   Other: 1....
Ethnicity of Full-Time Students –
Entry-Level Degree Granted by Program
100%
 90%
 80%
 70%
 60%
 50%
 40%
 30%
 20%
 10%
...
% of Programs without Minority enrollment
by ethnic background

   African American: 34.8%
   Hispanic/Latino: 33.7%
  ...
Trends in Minority Student Enrollment:
                               1986 - 2005
                              30%
Percen...
Academic Profile
   Baccalaureate Degree: 76.3%
   No academic Degree: 12.9%
   Masters Degree: 5.1%
   Associate Degr...
GPA and HCE
   Mean GPA: 3.39
   Mean # of months of HCE: 28.6
Trends in Health Care Experience of
                                   Enrollees: 1986-2005
                              ...
Recent Graduates
     (2005)
Number of Graduates
   2,758 (80 programs)
   Estimated: 4,416 (128 programs)
   Mean per program: 34.5
    • Female: 2...
Number of Recent Graduates
                      5000
                                                                4393...
Mean Number of Graduates per Region
50

40

30

20

10

0

       Northeastern   Eastern     Southeastern
       Midwester...
Graduates by Ethnicity
   White: 79.9%
   Hispanic/Latino: 5.2%
   Asian: 5.2%
   Black: 4.9%
   Other: 2.0%
   Asia...
Trends in Minority P.A. Graduates:
                                  1986-2005
                                 30%
% Grad...
Employment Characteristics
   As a PA: 67.6%
   Not as a PA: 0.8%
   Unemployed: 3.8%
   Continued with Education: 0.3...
Employment in
    Primary Care vs. Non- Primary Care

   Primary Care: 35.2%
   Non-Primary Care: 64.8%
Recent Graduate Employment in
                   Primary Care
Percent of Recent Graduates




                            ...
Trends in Starting Salary for New
                                        Graduates: 1996-2005
                           ...
Starting Salaries by Region
   Heartland: $68,092
   Southeastern: $66,641
   Northeastern: $66,612
   Midwestern: $65...
Mean Starting Salary of Graduates per
  Program – Entry-level Credential Granted by
  Program

$69,000                    ...
A Fond Good-Bye



    The End
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22nd Annual Report on Physician Assistant Educational Programs

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22nd Annual Report on Physician Assistant Educational Programs

  1. 1. 22nd Annual Report on Physician Assistant Educational Programs Albert F. Simon Marie S. Link
  2. 2. Response Rate of Survey 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 1999- 2000- 2001- 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005- 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Survey #1 Survey #2 Total Response
  3. 3. General Program Characteristics
  4. 4. Sponsoring Institution and Credential Awarded  71% Universities  21% Four-Year College  74% Masters  19% Baccalaureate  5% Certificate  2% Associate
  5. 5. Sponsoring Institution 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 University 4-yr College Community College Hospital Military
  6. 6. 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 15 4 2 10 1 1 3 2 4 2 5 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 2 4 1 2
  7. 7. 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 3 1 19 1 3 5 14 2 2 2 1 4 2 5 2 10 1 2 2 4 1 2 1 4 3 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 3 8 1 5
  8. 8. Programs by Year of First Entering Class 35 30 25 # of Programs 20 15 10 5 0 1965-68 1969-72 1973-76 1977-80 1981-84 1985-88 1989-92 1993-96 1997-00 2001-04 2005 Period when P.A. Programs were established
  9. 9. Credential Offered by Consortia Region 90 80 % of Programs with Degree 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Masters Bachelors Certificate Associate Northeastern Eastern Southeastern Midwestern Heartland Western
  10. 10. Length of Curriculum  Average Length: 26.5 months • Masters: 27.3 • Bachelors: 25.0 • Certificate: 23.0 • Associate: 23.0
  11. 11. Financial Characteristics
  12. 12. Financial Support  Mean: $990,527; Median: 820,000  Range: $186,835 - $5,029,000  37 programs with Federal Grants
  13. 13. Financial Support Masters Bachelors Certificate Associate Mean $997,089 $893,273 $1,199,165 Not Available Range $209,150 – $186,835 - $517,673 – Not Available 5,029,000 2,842,000 1,934,318
  14. 14. Program Personnel
  15. 15. Annual Report Personnel Classification  Category I Academic coordinator, Educational Specialist  Category II Clinical coordinator, Clinical Instructor  Category III Associate Director, Co Director  Category IV Secretary, Manager
  16. 16. PA vs. Non-PA  Number of PA personnel: 448 (59.1%) • I: 256 (57.1%); II: 159 (35.5%); III: 33 (7.4%)  Number of Non-PA personnel: 114 (15.0%) • I: 63 (55.3%); II: 11 (9.6%); III: 40 (35.1%)  Number of Non-PA personnel in Cat IV: 196 (25.9%)
  17. 17. General Characteristics of PA Personnel  Mean Salary: • I: $71,381; II: $70,534 III: $80,590  Mean Months in position: • I: 61.2 (median: 48); II: 50.1 (median: 32); III: 94.7 (median: 48)
  18. 18. General Characteristics of Non-PA Personnel  Mean Salary: • I: $69,162; II: $56,908; III: $48,289; IV: $32,612  Mean Months in position: • I: 68.1; II: 37.5; III: 97.8; IV: 63.7  Median Months in position: • I: 40; II: 30; III: 64.5; IV: 36
  19. 19. Ethnicity and Gender of Personnel (Categories I - III)  White: 87.0% Male: 36.8%  African American: 4.5% Female: 63.2%  Latino/Hispanic: 4.6%  Asian: 1.5%  Asian Subpopulation: <1%  Native Hawaiian/Other P.I.: <1%  American Indian/Alaskan: <1%  Other: <1%
  20. 20. Ethnicity and Gender of Personnel (Category IV)  White: 69.7% Male: 9.0%  African American: 14.4% Female: 91.0%  Latino/Hispanic: 10.1%  Asian: 2.7%  Asian Subpopulation: 2.1%  Native Hawaiian/Other P.I.: 0%  American Indian/Alaskan: <1%
  21. 21. Mean Annual Salary by Ethnicity & Gender (Categories I - III) Male Female White $74,583 $67,234 African $71,853 $68,219 American Hispanic $77,874 $61,574 Asian NA $63,114
  22. 22. Classification & Tenure Track Status  % faculty classification: 86%  % in tenure track: 25%  % tenured: 3.7%
  23. 23. Faculty vs. Staff Salaries (Categories I - III)  Faculty: • PA: $71,960 • Non-PA: $72,059  Staff: • PA: $69,066 • Non-PA: $42,592
  24. 24. Highest Degree Held by Program Personnel (Categories I - III)  Doctorate: 12.3%  Masters: 60.7%  Bachelors: 13.4%  Associate: 0.9%  Not Reported: 12.7%
  25. 25. Highest Degree Held by Program Personnel: 1996-2005 100% (Categories I - III) 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Doctorate Masters Bachelors Associate
  26. 26. Enrolled Students
  27. 27. Trends of Students Enrolled: 1986-2005 50 43 43 45 41 40 41 41 39 40 38 38.5 40 40 Number of Enrollees 40 37 35 32 35 30 30 25 26 26 26 25 20 15 10 5 0 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 20 20 20 Year of Admission
  28. 28. Current Enrollment by Gender  Male: 27%  Female: 73%
  29. 29. Mean Number per Program 100 0 20 40 60 80 19 86 19 87 19 88 19 89 19 90 19 91 19 92 19 93 Maximum Capacity 19 94 19 95 19 96 19 97 19 Year Reported 98 19 99 20 00 Current Enrollment 20 01 Trends in Enrollment: 1986-2005 20 02 20 03 20 04 20 05 % Unfilled
  30. 30. Mean Number of Students Currently Enrolled per Program - Degree Granted by Program 94.3 100 88.6 75 80 66.4 60 40 20 0 Associate Certificate Bachelors Masters
  31. 31. Total Full-Time Enrollment by Degree Associate 1% Bachelors 14% Certificate 5% Masters 80%
  32. 32. Trends in Student Enrollment: 1986-2005 10,000 9,100 9,267 Total Number of Students Enrolled 8,753 9,000 8,132 8,256 7,988 7,972 7,621 7,594 8,000 7,000 5,874 5,558 6,000 5,109 5,000 4,400 3,836 4,000 3,086 3,408 3,000 2,461 2,386 2,5142,526 2,000 1,000 0 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Academic Year
  33. 33. Age of Current Enrollees  Under 20: 1.7%  20 - 29: 73.2%  30 and over: 25.1%  Average age: • Full-time: 27.2 • Part-time: 33.6
  34. 34. Enrollment by Age and Region 80 70 Percentage Enrolled 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Under 20 20 - 29 30 & older Age Group N.Eastern Eastern S.Eastern MidWest Heartland Western
  35. 35. Percentage Enrolled in Each Age Group 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 19 86 19 87 19 88 19 89 19 90 19 91 19 1986-2005 92 19 93 19 94 <24 19 95 19 96 19 97 24-29 19 Year Reported 98 Trends in Enrollee Age: 19 99 >29 20 00 20 01 20 02 20 03 20 04 20 05
  36. 36. Ethnicity of Enrollees  White: 77.2%  Hispanic/Latino: 6.6%  Asian: 6.4%  African American: 5.9%  Other: 1.9%  Asian Subpopulation: 0.9%  American Indian/Alaskan: 0.9%  Native Hawaiian/Other PI: 0.2%
  37. 37. Ethnicity of Full-Time Students – Entry-Level Degree Granted by Program 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% White Non-White Associate Certificate Bachelors Masters
  38. 38. % of Programs without Minority enrollment by ethnic background  African American: 34.8%  Hispanic/Latino: 33.7%  Asian: 30.4%  Asian Subpopulation: 76.1%  Native Hawaiian/Other P.I.: 90.2%  American Indian/Alaskan: 81.5%  6 programs have no minorities enrolled
  39. 39. Trends in Minority Student Enrollment: 1986 - 2005 30% Percent Minorities Enrolled 25% 24% 25% 22% 22% 22% 23% 23% 22% 23% 21% 21% 21% 21% 20% 20% 20% 19% 20% 18% 18% 18% 15% 10% 5% 0% 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Year Reported
  40. 40. Academic Profile  Baccalaureate Degree: 76.3%  No academic Degree: 12.9%  Masters Degree: 5.1%  Associate Degree: 4.4%  Doctoral Degree: 1.2%
  41. 41. GPA and HCE  Mean GPA: 3.39  Mean # of months of HCE: 28.6
  42. 42. Trends in Health Care Experience of Enrollees: 1986-2005 60 56 54 53 52 52 Months of Health Care Experience 50 48 49 50 44 45 46 45 45 43 43 36 38 40 35 32 29 30 20 10 0 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Year Reported
  43. 43. Recent Graduates (2005)
  44. 44. Number of Graduates  2,758 (80 programs)  Estimated: 4,416 (128 programs)  Mean per program: 34.5 • Female: 24.7 • Male: 9.8
  45. 45. Number of Recent Graduates 5000 4393 4416 4290 4554 4475 4416 4500 4000 3713 Number of Graduates 3500 3120 3000 2686 2500 2356 2000 1817 1500 1000 500 0 1994 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Year of Graduation
  46. 46. Mean Number of Graduates per Region 50 40 30 20 10 0 Northeastern Eastern Southeastern Midwestern Heartland Western
  47. 47. Graduates by Ethnicity  White: 79.9%  Hispanic/Latino: 5.2%  Asian: 5.2%  Black: 4.9%  Other: 2.0%  Asian Subpopulations: 1.7%  American Indian/Alaskan: 0.9%  Native Hawaiian/Other P.I.: 0.3%
  48. 48. Trends in Minority P.A. Graduates: 1986-2005 30% % Graduates of Minority Status 24% 25% 22% 20%20% 20%20% 20% 19% 19% 20% 17% 17% 18%18%18% 17% 16%16% 16% 14% 15% 13% 10% 5% 0% 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 20 20 20 Year Reported
  49. 49. Employment Characteristics  As a PA: 67.6%  Not as a PA: 0.8%  Unemployed: 3.8%  Continued with Education: 0.3%  Unknown: 27.7%
  50. 50. Employment in Primary Care vs. Non- Primary Care  Primary Care: 35.2%  Non-Primary Care: 64.8%
  51. 51. Recent Graduate Employment in Primary Care Percent of Recent Graduates 100% 80% 62% 57% 55% 54% 54% 60% 47% 49% 34% 38% 35% 40% 20% 0% 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Year Reported
  52. 52. Trends in Starting Salary for New Graduates: 1996-2005 $70,000 Starting Salary of New Graduates $65,595 $62,540 $63,497 $60,000 $59,434 $57,218 $54,761 $55,415 $52,026 $52,664 $50,000 $50,362 $40,000 $30,000 $20,000 $10,000 $0 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Year Reported
  53. 53. Starting Salaries by Region  Heartland: $68,092  Southeastern: $66,641  Northeastern: $66,612  Midwestern: $65,317  Western: $65,983  Eastern: $59,827
  54. 54. Mean Starting Salary of Graduates per Program – Entry-level Credential Granted by Program $69,000 $68,348 $68,000 $67,000 $66,160 $66,000 $65,261 $65,458 $65,000 $64,000 $63,000 Associate Certificate Bachelors Masters
  55. 55. A Fond Good-Bye The End

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