A savage journey into the heart of Eastern California
A perilous examination of the San Andreas Fault.
The Journey Begins… Mormon Rocks was formed by millions of years’ worth of sediment washing off of the surrounding mountains into the lake bed and becoming compacted under more and more sediment. In 1857, a magnitude 8.0 earthquake forced the rocks up out of the ground.
Part 2: The Sequel Mormon Rocks is composed of Sandstone formed by the years and years of water flow carrying debris from the surrounding mountains. In the granular structure, you can see striations of different year’s water flow and the different particles that came with it.
The Final Chapter The San Andreas Fault is a Strike- Slip fault, meaning that instead of colliding with another plate, the two plates are sliding along one another. The fault line itself is located in the dry stream bed, along where you can see the sudden vertical side of the hill.
From which there were no survivors. Well, there were a few. Ok, everyone survived.
Cinder Hill is a cinder cone volcano, one of the most common volcanic forms in the world. They arecreated from lava fragments (cinders) being ejected from a hole, and they compact and form a domewhen the cinders fall back to the ground.
The lava flows near Cinder Hills are made from lava that flowed from the Coso Volcanic range that was later cooled and shaped by glaciers that passed through and carved out the landscape.
This is a dry stream bed that once flowed over Fossil Falls. The river bed is the Owens River Bed.
When the Owens River still had water in it, the river was diverted many times due to volcanic activity of the surrounding Cinder Hill and Coso Volcanic Range. Fossil Falls was formed when the river was diverted over a deposit of Basalt. The water flow eroded and polished the rocks into the shiny surfaces we see today
Metate Holes formed in the falls when a pebble would get caught in the river bed. The water flow would swirl the pebble around and around, eroding the river bed and creating the Metate Holes. Later, Native Americans would use the Metate Holes as a natural mortar and pestle to grind things.
Scattered all around Fossil Falls are small shards of Obsidian. This area used to be the place where Native Americans would carve arrowheads from the large chunks of Obsidian they would find around due to the volcanic activity. When they would carve the arrowheads, smaller pieces would chip off of the main piece that were too small to use, so they were left on the ground.
They had no idea it was a warning… This is called a petroglyph. A petroglyph is a picture that serves as a message to people who would come after whoever was here before. This petroglyph was created by the Coso Native Americans who occupied the valley for many years.
Go ahead, ring the bell… This house ring was set up by the Native Americans in the area who would build a semi- permanent home for certain months, then pack it up and move to another area for other months.
Diaz Lake was createdby the 1872 Lone PineEarthquake. Theearthquake occurredalong the Lone PineFault and caused theonce dry ranch area tosink 20 feet and fill withwater, creating a sagpond.
The Lone Pine Fault isthe site of the 1872earthquake that createdDiaz Lake. The Lakewas once a ranchowned by the Diazfamily, but once theearthquake sunk thelake and it filled withwater, the land could nolonger be used as aranch.
Visitors check in…Look around, and then check out.
Mt. Whitney is namedafter Josiah Whitney,a man hired byrailroad companiesbuilding theTranscontinentalRailroad to survey thearea and report theelevations of themountains. It is thehighest peak in bothCalifornia and thecontinental UnitedStates.
This is Mono Lake.The two islands inthe lake are NegitIsland (a volcano)and Paoha Island (aresult of volcanicactivity).
The highest shorelinewas the level of the lakemillions of years ago.The second highestshoreline is where thelake was before it wasdiverted to supply LosAngeles with water. Thelowest shoreline (thepresent) is where thewater has risen to afterhitting its lowest point in1962.
The Tufa Formationsare petrified springs.When the water levelwas higher, the saltwater would mix withcalcium carbonate in thefresh water springs thatwere in the lake. Thesalt and calciumcarbonate formed theTufa which wereexposed when the waterlevel dropped.
Where someone probably knows what you did last summer. It’s fishing. You went fishing.
I’m not even going to add anything. Not necessary.
Convict lake was formedby a glacier passingthrough this section of theSierra Nevadas. In thispicture, the oldest rockformations in the SierraNevadas is also visible. Itis the first part of themountain range to havebegun coming out of theground when the rangewas first being formed.
This is one of many of the postersplaced around the US informing theJapanese-American citizens that theywere about to be rounded up and putinto internment camps. I chose thisposter (and the accompanying exhibit)because it fascinates me that we couldbe so against the atrocities thathappened in Germany, yet do the samething to our own citizens.
Manzanar was an internment camp for Japanese-American citizens of the UnitedStates during World War Two. It is one of many that existed and this site stillstands as a testament to the things that seemingly rational and civilized people willdo during wartime.