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  1. 1. Zoroastrianism<br />Done by<br />SamrudhiiPalshetkar<br />
  2. 2. Origin<br />Zoroastrianism was founded by the Prophet Zoroaster in ancient Iran approximately 3500 years ago.<br />The precise date of the founding of Zoroastrianism is uncertain. <br />The vision of zoroaster.<br />Zoroaster believed in one creator God, teaching that only one God was worthy of worship. <br />Zoroastrians believe that Zoroaster is the prophet of God. Zoroaster himself is not worshipped, but through his teachings man can become close to God by following the path of truth and righteousness <br />
  3. 3. Zoroaster<br /><ul><li> Zoroaster was born in Afghanistan. He was born into a Bronze Age culture.
  4. 4. Zoroaster's birth and early life are little documented. What is known is recorded in the Gathas - the core of the Avesta, which contains hymns thought to be composed by Zoroaster himself.
  5. 5. Born into the Spitama clan, he worked as a priest. He was a family man, with a wife, three sons and three daughters.
  6. 6. Zoroaster rejected the religion of the Bronze Age Iranians with their many gods and oppressive class structure, in which the princes and priests controlled the ordinary people.</li></li></ul><li>HISTORY<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8. BELIEFS:<br />
  9. 9. GOOD<br /> THOUGHTS<br />GOOD <br />WORDS<br />GOOD <br />DEEDS<br />
  10. 10. GOOD<br />EVIL<br />(AZURA MAZDA)<br />(ANGRA MAINYU)<br />
  11. 11. Dualism<br />Dualism in Zoroastrianism is the existence of, yet complete separation of, good and evil. This is recognised in two interconnecting ways:<br />COSMICALLY<br />MORALLY<br />
  12. 12. holidays<br />Zoroastrian holidays include the New Year, celebrated at the Spring Equinox.<br />NavRoz (literally, new day) or ten days of the dead, honouring and remembering Zoroastrians of the past, <br />Khordad Sal, Zoroaster&apos;s birthday. Its celebrated a few days after navroz.<br />
  13. 13. Navjote<br />A child born of  Zoroastrian parents is not considered a Zoroastrian till he goes though the fold by the Navjote ceremony.<br /> The word &apos;Navjote&apos; means a new initiate who offers  Zoroastrian prayers. <br />The ceremony of initiation consists of the investiture of the child with the sacred shirt called &apos;Sudreh&apos; and a sacred thread called &apos;Kusti&apos;. <br />The Navjote ceremony among the Parsi is performed at the age of seven or nine or eleven, up until fifteen.<br />
  14. 14. Faravahar<br />Faravahari is the symbol of the Zoroastrian faith. They are the divine guardians who are believed to accompany every human being and keep the world in order and motion.<br />
  15. 15. Famous Zoroastrians<br />Zoroaster:Ranked 93rd most influential person in world history on in Hart&apos;s book The 100<br />Cyrus the Great(580-529 BC) - founder of Persian Empire <br />Darius I of Persia- king of Persia<br />Freddie Mercury- British rock star. Front man for the band Queen. (lapsed) <br />Zubin Mehta- World famous conductor. <br />RohitonMistry- Novelist <br />Firdaus Kanga- Writer; author and star of the movie Sixth Happiness. <br />DadabhoyNavroji - a co-founder of modern India, alongside Gandhi and Nehru <br />Feroze Gandhi- prominent Indian politician; husband of IndiraGandhi<br />FarrukhDhondy- Channel 4 editor and scriptwriter (Britain) <br />DadabhaiNaoroji– The grand old man of India<br />HomiJehangirBhabha- physicist; founder of India&apos;s nuclear program <br />Tata family- one of the world&apos;s richest families.<br />J.R.D. Tata- Indian industrialist,receivedthe Bharat Ratna award.<br />Godrej family- known for manufacturing household items and healthcare products&quot; <br />Farokh Engineer- world-class cricketer <br />BejanDaruwala- famous Indian astrologer<br />PersisKhambatta- actress (&quot;Lieutenant Ilia&quot;, in Star Trek: The Motion Picture )<br />John Abraham- Bollywood Actor <br />
  16. 16. Zoroastrian Temple of Yazd, Iran. <br />Ancient Zoroastrian Temple in Azerbaijan<br />
  17. 17. Zorastrian temple of ChakChak, near Yazd<br />Before the Arabs invaded Iran there were many fire temples in Esfahan. The Arabs destroyed them all except for this one.<br />Zoroastrian temple of Pir-e-Naraki, near Yazd<br />
  18. 18. FuneralCEREMONIES<br />Funeral ceremonies of  Zoroastrians continues for four days. On the tenth day after death, certain prayers are said both at home and in the Fire Temple.<br /> After a month, prayers are again said and then annually on the death anniversary. <br />The dead body is disposed of in &apos;Towers of silence&apos; on the top of a hill. The flesh is devoured by birds of prey and after a few days, the bones are lowered into deep wells at the bottom where the bones slowly dissolve.<br /> Therefore the mortal remains of the individual and is disposed of in a most hygienic manner.<br />
  19. 19. Status of women<br /><ul><li>Men and women are all seen as equal, one surpasses another through righteousness.
  20. 20. A woman's willingness to speak her views in the presence of her partner and for those views to be accepted as valid was characteristic and still is.
  21. 21. A Zoroastrian woman married to a non-Zoroastrian is deemed to have renounced her religion and accepted the religion of her husband, she has to be treated as a non-Zoroastrian from the date of marriage, irrespective of the fact that her marriage may be legally valid under the Special Marriages Act and, legally, she may not be deemed to have renounced the Zoroastrian faith.
  22. 22. Naujotis performed for both male and female children.
  23. 23. Of the six Immortal Beings created by God, three are feminine and three are masculine.
  24. 24. Menstruation and childbirth are viewed as a major sources of pollution in Zoroasrianism.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>According to the Zoroastrian theories of creation, both men and women originated from the seed of Gayomard, the primitive man. When he was attacked by the evil forces, before passing away, he gave forth seed. The seed developed into female and male.Theygrew up from the earth like a plant united below the waist, whereby it was difficult to know who was male who was female. Ahura Mazda separated them from each other and changed them from plant into the shape of man.
  25. 25. Severe penalties have been prescribed in the text for men who touch women during this period. Having intercourse with menstruating women used to attract severe penalties in the ancient world. In the ArdaViraf there is a description of a man suffering from an agonizing punishment in hell for such a sin.</li></li></ul><li>Organ donation<br /><ul><li>Orthodox Zoroastrians consider that pollution in the body is against the will of god therefore they are against organ donation.
  26. 26. They are against blood transfusion for the same reason,being unwilling to both donate and receive.
  27. 27. According to Zoroastrian scriptures, one should isolate the dead body and stay as far away from it as possible to avoid any possible contact with the impurities that the evil forces impart to it by invading it and making it their residence.
  28. 28. One should keep the dead away from all the material things including the elements of fire, water and earth. Fire is a sacred symbol of God inthematerial plane. So fire should not be made impure by burning an evil ridden corpse with it. The earth is also a sacred. So it should not be tainted by burying the body in it. Similarly water is also a sacred element and bodies should not be thrown in rivers, lakes and oceans. Touching a corpse or dead material intentionally is fraught with the danger of severe pollution and turning oneself over to the forces of evil.</li>