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The NASA Authorization Act of 2010


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The NASA Authorization Act of 2010

  1. 1. The NASA Authorization Act of 2010 Presented By: Samuel Rodarte 17.307
  2. 2. Background• “Vision for Space Exploration” – Retire space shuttle and complete ISS by 2010 – Manned moon mission by 2020• The Constellation Program – Many unknowns, inaccurate cost estimates – Ares rockets design challenges• Augustine Commission – Constellation underfunded – Unable to complete objectives by deadlines• Obama Administration – End of Constellation Program – Extend ISS through 2020 – Presents FY2010 Budget Request
  3. 3. The Challenges • Future of U.S. Space Exploration Program – Not enough budget to complete previous objectives – Technology not yet developed for Mars – Augustine Commissions “Flexible Path” strategy • The Manned Space Program – End of Space Shuttle in FY 2010 – Shuttles as only transportation to LEO – Economic Impact • Low-Earth Orbit Access – Essential for exploration beyond LEO – Need to develop effective heavy launch technology – Commercial LEO access • NASA Budget – STS-135 extra shuttle mission funding – Expanding lifetime of ISS – Increase in Earth Sciences portfolio
  4. 4. Moon vs. Mars• Obama Administration – Technical limitations – Incremental missions with ultimate Mars objective – First mission to asteroid• House Science & Technology Committee – Much investment already done in Constellation program – Impact of program termination
  5. 5. U.S. Manned Space Program • House Republicans – Termination of Constellation and Space Shuttle Programs – Loss of workforce and regional economic impact • Obama Administration – Constellation resources should be direct toward heavy-lift launch vehicles – HLLV as foundation of manned space program – Effort to minimize space shuttle gap
  6. 6. Commercial vs. Government LEO Access• Democrats – Increase support to private industry – Allow NASA to focus on larger goals – Create new economic sector• Republicans – Would leave NASA without independent LEO access – Loss of competitiveness with other nations – Private industry not very reliable
  7. 7. NASA Budget • Senate – Extra shuttle mission would allows preparation of ISS for gap • House – Funding for extra mission takes away from research and programs • Republicans – Increase in Earth Science portfolio aimed at global warming research • Passing Something vs. Nothing – End of fiscal year and need to fund the agency
  8. 8. From Bill to Law• Augustine Commission and Obama’s space policy• HR 5781 – Introduced July 20, 2010 – Five-year authorization – No additional space shuttle flights – Drastically low support for commercial LEO incentives• S 3729 – Introduced July 15, 2010 – Mainly designed by Sen. Nelson – Extended ISS until 2020 – Included extra shuttle “on need” flight – Began HLLV development immediately• Final Passage – Senate approved “unanimously” – Senate version presented to House on August 9 – Passes on September 29 and signed by Obama
  9. 9. Finding Passage • Bipartisan Design – Sen. Nelson’s work with Sen. Vitter – Compromise between views • Keeping NASA alive – House vote night before end of fiscal year – No time for Compromise bill – Greater damage to NASA if not funded
  10. 10. The Future of NASA• Statue authorizes $58.4 billion for NASA for FY2011-13• HLLV begins immediate development• NASA announces new Space Launch System using Constellation technology• First launch projected for 2017• ISS will be supported through 2020• STS-135 successfully flown on July 8, 2011, as last space shuttle mission