Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Standardization

13,970 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

Standardization

  1. 1. BY-: SAMPREET SINGH 400807025
  2. 2. The 3’s refer to standardization , simplification and specialization three related which are at the roof of any economic analysis of product design. The three process are usually linked together and develop as a logical sequence. From a wide range of requirement it is first necessary to sort out the essential features ,define terms and then scientific manner the minimum variety required , to meet these essentials. The process of simplification can be carried out with a view to reducing the variety of products or materials that are produced or purchased. This is both an economic and engineering process . Specialization is one of its natural outcomes.
  3. 3. THE PROCESS OF DEFINING AND APPLYING THE “CONDITIONS”TO ENSURE THAT A GIVEN RANGE OF REQUIREMENTS CAN NORMALLY BE MET WITH A MINIMUM OF VARIETY AND IN REPRODUCIBLE AND ECOOMIC MANNER ON THE BASIS OF THE BEST TECHNIQUES
  4. 4. 1. PISTON INDUSTRY- Standard sizes of piston are produced for different products . Like federal mougal is producing piston for many industries like maruti , ssangyong as well as the large scale manufacturers like bmw etc. 2. NUT &BOLT INDUSTRY- standard nut and bolts are produced so that they can be easily available in market in case of requirement .
  5. 5. Step involved 1. With the help of market research ,sales statistics, etc decides what to sell in future . 2. Then , define a standard range of products. 3. From the range , ask the designer to develop minimum variety of component to match the range .
  6. 6. Classification of materials and components parts  Classification aims at , systematically grouping item ,together by their common feature and subdividing them by their features .  A system of classification and coding is necessary for the design of new products within a range defined.
  7. 7. Classification procedure 1. Define all terms . 2. Classify each item according to its basic characteristics . 3. Identify each item by allocating to it some meaningful code number.
  8. 8. ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES  DESIGN DEPARTMENT  MANUFACTURING DEPARTMENT  MARKETING DEPARTMENT  PRODUCTION PLANNING SECTION  PRODUCTION CONTROL DEPARTMENT  REDUCTION OF CHOICES  LESS FLEXIBILITY  SMALL RANGES  OBSTACLE TO PROGRESS
  9. 9. •IT IS KNOWN FOR VARIETY REDUCTION. •IT MAKES A PROCESS MUCH SIMPLE. •THE AVAILABILITY OF SUITABLE STANDARDS ASSISTS IN SIMPLIFICATION .
  10. 10. Simplification is a constant source of disagreement between the market department and the production personal . Simplification removes the superfluous . It decreases variety for sizes, for example a garment factory making tea shirts sizes 16 ,161/4,163/4,1 etc.
  11. 11. VARIETY REDUCTION  Variety reduction consists in identifying the exist variety and then removing unnecessary items from the system  Classification and coding
  12. 12. •IMPROVE QUALITY • QUICK DELIVERY •BETTER AFTER SALE SERVICES •REDUCES PRICE •ELIMINATE ORDINARY QUEUES •REDUCE REQUIRED TECHNICAL PERSONEL •SIMPLIFY INSPECTION AN D CONTROL •SAVE STORAGE SPACE
  13. 13. •NATURAL OUTCOME OF SIMPLIFICATION AND STANDADIZATION •IT MEANS CONCENTRATING EFFORT ON A PARTICULAR FIELD OF ACTION
  14. 14. CHARACTERSTICS  Specialization as applied to human activities on shop floor can be defined as “division of labour”.  Division of labour is defined as measure taken to decide the different workers according to their to the task they performed and all are very skilled as well as experienced.  A set of labour only perform certain set operations instead of completing the full products.  Like teacher are specialized in their subject hey teach.  Doctors are also specialized I these days like neurologist, cardiologist etc.
  15. 15. ADVANTAGES LIMITATIONS  WORKER ACHIEVE A HIGH STATE AND PROFICIENCY  SMALLER TIME TO COMPLETE THE ACTIVITY  RAISE THEIR SALARIES  SPECIALIZED LABOUR AND EQUIPMENT ARE NOT FLEXIBLE  MONOTONICITY
  16. 16. THANKS

×