Standardization

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Standardization

  1. 1. BY-: SAMPREET SINGH 400807025
  2. 2. The 3’s refer to standardization , simplification and specialization three related which are at the roof of any economic analysis of product design. The three process are usually linked together and develop as a logical sequence. From a wide range of requirement it is first necessary to sort out the essential features ,define terms and then scientific manner the minimum variety required , to meet these essentials. The process of simplification can be carried out with a view to reducing the variety of products or materials that are produced or purchased. This is both an economic and engineering process . Specialization is one of its natural outcomes.
  3. 3. THE PROCESS OF DEFINING AND APPLYING THE “CONDITIONS”TO ENSURE THAT A GIVEN RANGE OF REQUIREMENTS CAN NORMALLY BE MET WITH A MINIMUM OF VARIETY AND IN REPRODUCIBLE AND ECOOMIC MANNER ON THE BASIS OF THE BEST TECHNIQUES
  4. 4. 1. PISTON INDUSTRY- Standard sizes of piston are produced for different products . Like federal mougal is producing piston for many industries like maruti , ssangyong as well as the large scale manufacturers like bmw etc. 2. NUT &BOLT INDUSTRY- standard nut and bolts are produced so that they can be easily available in market in case of requirement .
  5. 5. Step involved 1. With the help of market research ,sales statistics, etc decides what to sell in future . 2. Then , define a standard range of products. 3. From the range , ask the designer to develop minimum variety of component to match the range .
  6. 6. Classification of materials and components parts  Classification aims at , systematically grouping item ,together by their common feature and subdividing them by their features .  A system of classification and coding is necessary for the design of new products within a range defined.
  7. 7. Classification procedure 1. Define all terms . 2. Classify each item according to its basic characteristics . 3. Identify each item by allocating to it some meaningful code number.
  8. 8. ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES  DESIGN DEPARTMENT  MANUFACTURING DEPARTMENT  MARKETING DEPARTMENT  PRODUCTION PLANNING SECTION  PRODUCTION CONTROL DEPARTMENT  REDUCTION OF CHOICES  LESS FLEXIBILITY  SMALL RANGES  OBSTACLE TO PROGRESS
  9. 9. •IT IS KNOWN FOR VARIETY REDUCTION. •IT MAKES A PROCESS MUCH SIMPLE. •THE AVAILABILITY OF SUITABLE STANDARDS ASSISTS IN SIMPLIFICATION .
  10. 10. Simplification is a constant source of disagreement between the market department and the production personal . Simplification removes the superfluous . It decreases variety for sizes, for example a garment factory making tea shirts sizes 16 ,161/4,163/4,1 etc.
  11. 11. VARIETY REDUCTION  Variety reduction consists in identifying the exist variety and then removing unnecessary items from the system  Classification and coding
  12. 12. •IMPROVE QUALITY • QUICK DELIVERY •BETTER AFTER SALE SERVICES •REDUCES PRICE •ELIMINATE ORDINARY QUEUES •REDUCE REQUIRED TECHNICAL PERSONEL •SIMPLIFY INSPECTION AN D CONTROL •SAVE STORAGE SPACE
  13. 13. •NATURAL OUTCOME OF SIMPLIFICATION AND STANDADIZATION •IT MEANS CONCENTRATING EFFORT ON A PARTICULAR FIELD OF ACTION
  14. 14. CHARACTERSTICS  Specialization as applied to human activities on shop floor can be defined as “division of labour”.  Division of labour is defined as measure taken to decide the different workers according to their to the task they performed and all are very skilled as well as experienced.  A set of labour only perform certain set operations instead of completing the full products.  Like teacher are specialized in their subject hey teach.  Doctors are also specialized I these days like neurologist, cardiologist etc.
  15. 15. ADVANTAGES LIMITATIONS  WORKER ACHIEVE A HIGH STATE AND PROFICIENCY  SMALLER TIME TO COMPLETE THE ACTIVITY  RAISE THEIR SALARIES  SPECIALIZED LABOUR AND EQUIPMENT ARE NOT FLEXIBLE  MONOTONICITY
  16. 16. THANKS

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