By: Samantha Peel. Dominik
Rzepka, Nokrane Ahamadi
• Created in the ER, or Endoplasmic Reticulum and sent to
the Golgi Apparatus.
• Lysosomes are small organelles filled wit...
• Responsible for the break down of lipids, carbohydrates,
and proteins to be used by the cell
• Attach and release their ...
• There are over 50 classified diseases due to Lysosomes
not functioning properly. To name a few..
-Lipidoses
-Lysosomal T...
What are Peroxisomes?
 Small organelles found in both animal and
plant cells
 Found in free floating cytoplasm
 Contain...
The Job of Peroxisomes
Breaking down
 Enzymes in peroxisomes break down long
chain fatty acids through oxidation
 Produc...
The Job of Peroxisomes cont.
 Building up
 Produce chemicals as well as breaking
them down
 Make cholesterol in animal ...
Lysosomes and Peroxisomes
 Similarities
 Break down
substances (fatty
acids vs.
organelles)
 Built with proteins
 Diff...
http://www.biology4kids.com/files/cell_lyso
some.html
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK995
3/
http://micro.magnet.fsu....
A journey into lysosomes and peroxisomes
A journey into lysosomes and peroxisomes
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A journey into lysosomes and peroxisomes

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A journey into lysosomes and peroxisomes

  1. 1. By: Samantha Peel. Dominik Rzepka, Nokrane Ahamadi
  2. 2. • Created in the ER, or Endoplasmic Reticulum and sent to the Golgi Apparatus. • Lysosomes are small organelles filled with digestive enzymes. • Located in the cytoplasm (portion of cell outside of the nucleus) of animal eukaryotic cells • The “janitors of the cell”
  3. 3. • Responsible for the break down of lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins to be used by the cell • Attach and release their enzymes, which break down the complex sugars and proteins • Break down organelles that are no longer useful • Remove “junk” that may accumulate in the cell (this prevents diseases)
  4. 4. • There are over 50 classified diseases due to Lysosomes not functioning properly. To name a few.. -Lipidoses -Lysosomal Transport Disease -Glycogen Storage Disease type II • The word Lysosome comes from two Greek words- Lysis meaning destruction, and Soma meaning body. • - Lysosomes contain over 3 dozen different types of enzymes
  5. 5. What are Peroxisomes?  Small organelles found in both animal and plant cells  Found in free floating cytoplasm  Contain at least 50 enzymes  Produce hydrogen peroxide
  6. 6. The Job of Peroxisomes Breaking down  Enzymes in peroxisomes break down long chain fatty acids through oxidation  Produce a great deal of metabolic energy supplements  Abundant in organs such as the liver, where lipids are stored, broken down, and synthesized.
  7. 7. The Job of Peroxisomes cont.  Building up  Produce chemicals as well as breaking them down  Make cholesterol in animal cells and produce bile in liver cells  Contain enzymes for making phospholipids
  8. 8. Lysosomes and Peroxisomes  Similarities  Break down substances (fatty acids vs. organelles)  Built with proteins  Differences  Where they bud (Golgi body and ER)  Size of membrane (peroxisomes much smaller)
  9. 9. http://www.biology4kids.com/files/cell_lyso some.html http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK995 3/ http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/cells/lysosome s/lysosomes.html

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