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Internet Telephony


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Internet Telephony has evolved to become a key platform for realizing the long promised benefits of voice/data convergence and the merging of the PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Network) with the Internet.

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Internet Telephony

  1. 2. What is internet telephony? <ul><li>IP telephony uses the Internet to send audio, video, fax etc between two or more users in real time, so the users can converse. </li></ul><ul><li>Digital voice packets packet switched IP network </li></ul><ul><li>Main motivation: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Integration of new services, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>cost effectiveness </li></ul></ul></ul>encapsulated in to transmitted over
  2. 3. A Basic IP Telephone System: <ul><li>The simplest IP telephone system uses two basic components: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IP telephone : end device allowing humans to place and receive calls. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media Gateway Controller : providing overall control and coordination between IP phones; allowing a caller to locate a callee (e.g. call forwarding) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. Interconnection with Others (1) <ul><li>IP telephone system needs to interoperate with PSTN or another IP telephone system. </li></ul><ul><li>Two additional components needed for such interconnection: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Media Gateway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Signaling Gateway </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Interconnection with Others (2) <ul><li>Media gateway: translates audio between IP network and PSTN. </li></ul><ul><li>Signaling Gateway: translates signaling operations. </li></ul>
  5. 6. How internet telephony works? <ul><li>In one side gateway connects to the telephone word. It can communicate with any phone in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>On the other side, the gateway connects to the Internet world. It can communicate with any computer in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The gateway takes the standard telephone signal, digitizes it, compresses it, packetizes it for the Internet using IP protocol and routes it the destination over the Internet. </li></ul>
  6. 7. IP phones: Grandstream GXP2000 £64.00 * Grandstream GXP-280 £54.00 * Grandstream GXP2020 £99.00 * snom SNOM300UK £99.00 *
  7. 8. Types of internet telephony: <ul><li>PC to PC telephony over Internet : </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>PC to Phone Telephony over Internet : </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Phone-to-Phone Telephony Over Internet: </li></ul>
  10. 11. Ex. for Protocols Combining a VoIP Solution – It is a Zoo Station … <ul><li>Signaling </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SIP (IETF) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>H.323 (ITU) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MGCP (IETF) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Media Transport </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RTP (IETF) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RTCP (IETF) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Supporting Services </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ENUM </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Routing - TRIP (Telephony Routing over IP) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of Service – RSVP, 802.1q </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 12. GLOBAL SCENARIO: <ul><ul><li>A) Asian Region: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Malaysia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Singapore </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>China </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thailand </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B)North America: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>USA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Canada </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C) Europe : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>European Union </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hungary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D) Others: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spain, Belgium and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Telefonica </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 13. World Internet Telephony BOOM: Consumer & Small Business Enterprise & Institutions Wholesale 1997 VoIP calls - $198millian voip calls (220% annual growth) End 1999 $600 million VoIP calls End 2001 $1.89 billion VoIP calls Source: Forrester Research 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 14,000 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
  13. 14. Yes ,dream come true for Indians also….! <ul><li>Internet Service Providers Associations of India  (ISPAI) are estimated at 200 million minutes a month in which use of illegal net telephony without valid license is estimated at 10 million minutes a month. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2008-08-18, the use of internet telephony dream come true for Indians... </li></ul>
  14. 15. (dis)advantages: <ul><li>Single network infrastructure, </li></ul><ul><li>Lower costs per call, </li></ul><ul><li>Real-time billing. </li></ul><ul><li>No guarantee of quality of service </li></ul><ul><li>Not possible made emergency calls </li></ul><ul><li>Power failure </li></ul><ul><li>Reliability </li></ul>
  15. 16. Parameters that impact on VoIP- How much is too much? <ul><li>Packet loss </li></ul><ul><li>Latency </li></ul><ul><li>Jitter </li></ul>
  16. 17. Conclusion: <ul><li>Internet Telephony is a powerful and economical communication options which is gaining its popularity, but the most significant obstacles in reaching the height of success is the unsatisfactory voice quality and the lack of means of commercial deployments. Both of them are under investigation. </li></ul><ul><li>Death of PSTN…? No, no… death of PBX….!!! </li></ul>
  17. 18. Thank Y OU..!! Any