The grammar translation method sutriyani

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The grammar translation method sutriyani

  1. 1. THE GRAMMAR TRANSLATION METHOD B Y SUTRIYANI
  2. 2. BACKGROUND OF THE GRAMMAR TRANSLATION METHOD The GTM was widely used in the USA in 1890’s. It was also called the Classical Method. Meidenger (1783), who advocated translation into the target language through the application of rules of grammar.
  3. 3. THE PRINCIPLES OF THE GTM  Grammar rules  The primary skills  Hardly any attention  The ability to understand the texts written in the foreign language.
  4. 4.  Mastering the grammar of the foreign language.  Vocabulary  The mother tongue  A paramount
  5. 5. THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE GTM  Classes are taught in the mother tongue.  Much vocabulary is taught in the form of lists of isolated words.  Long elaborate explanations of the intricacies of grammar are given.  Grammar provides the rules for putting words together.
  6. 6.  Reading of difficult classical texts is begun early.  Little attention is paid to the content of texts.  Often the only drills are exercises in translation disconnected sentences.  Little no attention is given to pronunciation.  The focus is on accuracy, and not fluency.
  7. 7. METHOD  Use of mother tongue.  Vocabulary items are taught in the form of word lists.  Elaborate explanations of grammar.  Focus on the morphology and syntax.  Reading of difficult texts early in the course.  Practice focuses on exercises translating sentences or texts.
  8. 8. THE TECHNIQUES IN THE GTM  Translation of a literary passage  Reading comprehension questions  Antonyms/synonyms  Cognates  Deductive application of rule  Fill-in-the-blanks  Memorization  Use words in sentences  Composition.
  9. 9. REFERENCES  Larsen, Diane-freeman. 2000. Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching: China: Oxford University.  Setiyadi, Bambang. 2006. Teaching English as a Foreign Language: Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.
  10. 10. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION NICE TO MEET YOU . . .

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