What is the future of e-learning going to
Does there need to be new pedagogical
approaches to effectively address e-learning??
Defined by Harley, Lawrence and the
University of California (2007) as being mostly
facilitated through the use of the internet and
may be assisted by other technologies such as
interactive communication technologies or
According to Remtulla (2007) it is a ‘Grand
Solution’ for the future of education.
According to Scott Niper (1989), as cited in
Guri-Rosenblit (2005, p. 467), the three are:
Print with broadcast media.
Use of ICT’s and the internet.
Integrated Learning System’s, web content and
digital text (McFarlane, 2001).
According to Tsai (2009) there are a number of
benefits for e-learners, which include…
Flexible time and space.
Allows for indirect social interaction.
Abundance of learning resources
Dynamic learning interfaces.
Hughes (2007) believes that future e-learning
environments must include…
Freedom to challenge ideas.
Must not become static, insular or exclusive.
Build a sense of community.
Interactions provide greater opportunity to
engage the learner.
‘Disruptive’ technologies need ‘Disruptive’
Pedagogies (Remtulla, 2006).
Teaching strategies must exploit underused
aspects of E-Learning technologies (Remtulla,
Combines many pedagogical styles (Breen,
There are many positive benefits to using a
blended learning approach (Clarke, 2007).
Couples face-to-face learning with e-learning
Connectivism-the learning process is cyclical,
in that learners will connect to a network to
share and find new information, will modify
their beliefs on the basis of new learning, and
will then connect to a network to share these
realizations and find new information once
more (Hill & Kop, 2008, p. 2).
E-learner’s must be passionate and considerate
in the use of technologies for e-learning
New technologies and pedagogical approaches
are necessary (Christen, 2009).
Abbad, M., Morris, D., & de Nahlik, C. (2009). Looking under the Bonnet: Factors
Affecting Student Adoption of E-Learning Systems in Jordan. International Review of
Research in Open and Distance Learning, 10(2).
Breen, P. (2007). Lessons from an International e-Learning Project. International Review of
Research in Open and Distance Learning, 8(3), 1-10.
Christen, A. (2009, January 1). Transforming the Classroom for Collaborative Learning in
the 21st Century. Techniques: Connecting Education and Careers, 84(1), 28-31.
Clarke, A. (2007). The Future of E-Learning. Adults Learning, 18(7), 14-15.
Conrad, D. (2008). Reflecting on Strategies for a New Learning Culture: Can we do
it? Journal of Distance Education, 22(3), 157-161.
Davies, J., & Pigott, N. (2004). E-Learning across the Atlantic. Commentary. Perspectives
London policy and practice in higher education, 8(2), 37-40.
Guri-Rosenblit, S. (2005). Distance Education and E-Learning: Not the Same Thing.
Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Education and Educational Planning,
Harley, D., Lawrence, S., & University of California, B. (2007). The Regulation of E-
Learning: New National and International Policy Perspectives. Research & Occasional
Paper Series: A Report. Revised. Online Submission. Retrieved August 3, 2009, from ERIC.
Hedberg, J. (2006). E-Learning Futures? Speculations for a Time Yet to Come. Studies in
Continuing Education, 28(2), 171-183.
Hill, A., & Kop, R. (2008). Connectivism: Learning Theory of the Future or Vestige of the
Past?. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 9(3), 1-13.
Hughes, G. (2007). Diversity, Identity and Belonging in E-Learning Communities: Some
Theories and Paradoxes. Teaching in Higher Education, 12, 709-720.
Kanuka, H., & Kelland, J. (2008). Has e-Learning Delivered on its Promises? Expert
Opinion on the Impact of e-Learning in Higher Education. The Canadian Journal of Higher
Education, 38(1), 45-65.
McFarlane, Kathryn. (2001). Just another electric circus? Meeting standards for K to 12 e-
learning classroom resources. Education Canada, 41(3), 26.
Remtulla, K. (2007). The Knowledge-Based Economy and E-Learning: Critical
Considerations for Workplace Democracy. Convergence, 40, 9-24.
Tsai, M. (2009). The Model of Strategic e-Learning: Understanding and Evaluating
Student e-Learning from Metacognitive Perspectives. Educational Technology & Society,
Watson, L. (2007). Building the Future of Learning. European Journal of Education, 42(2),